NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION
NREGS & Financial Inclusion NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION <ul><li>What is NREGS? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Financial Inclusi...
Executive Summary
NREGS: Team Understanding oject <ul><li>Unique initiative for the BPL/APL population of rural  </li></ul><ul><li>ICT overh...
Capabilities <ul><li>Smart Card Production & Personalization Capability in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection e...
  Functional Overview: Financial Inclusion in NREGP
Functional Overview <ul><li>Data Collection  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form Filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text Data entry...
Previous Experience <ul><li>DRC Public workers ($7m) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Collection (biometric and text) </li></ul>...
Previous Experience -Data Collection
Previous Experience -Data Collection
<ul><li>Data Collection, Transfer and Storage and Retrieval </li></ul>
Rules for Quality data Capture
Data Collection Process
Data Collection : Verification Source <ul><li>Data Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help in planni...
Data Collection : Process Flow
Biometric Data Collection Process
Data Collection : Data Transfer Mechanism
Data Collection : Man Power Scheduling (Pilot) <ul><li>Pilot: District </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection : Scheduling </li...
Data Collection : Challenges <ul><li>Duplicate registrations </li></ul><ul><li>Low Beneficiary turnout </li></ul><ul><li>E...
<ul><li>Awareness & Sensatisation </li></ul>
  Awareness and Sensitization : Role of Media
Awareness and Sensitization : High Visibility Spots
Awareness and Sensitization : Leaflets
<ul><li>SMARTCARD </li></ul>
SMARTCARD: NREGP & FI <ul><li>ISO/IEC 14443 Parts 2, 3 and 4. </li></ul><ul><li>/IEC 7816  including specifics as describe...
<ul><li>E-MUSTER: Application Software </li></ul>
e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>Integrated Workflow Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace Manual files and docume...
e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>Grievance Redressal Mechanism Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based </li></ul></u...
e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate all data into one common map format </li></ul></...
E-Muster  Web based application : Logical Components
E-Muster  Web based application : Deployment Architecture
<ul><li>Handheld Terminal </li></ul>
Handheld: Technical detail <ul><li>LINUX OS </li></ul><ul><li>Processor 500 MHZ </li></ul><ul><li>256 Mbytes RAM and 256 M...
Handheld: Technical architecture
Handheld Device Accolades  Demonstration to Dr. C. Rangarajan at a live-site in Karnataka
Device Demonstration  at a live site to Mrs. Usha Thorat , Dy. Governor - RBI
<ul><li>Facility Management </li></ul>
Stake Holders
Facility Creation: District & Block
Complaint Cell <ul><li>Call Center  at Lucknow </li></ul><ul><li>Help Desk: Grievance Cell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Lev...
<ul><li>Capacity Building & Change Management </li></ul>
Change management
Performance Profile during Change
Change Management implementation
<ul><li>Financial Inclusion: Bank Account Opening of Beneficiaries </li></ul>
Functional Overview:  Financial Inclusion  in NREGS
Process Architecture
Banks as stakeholders <ul><li>Bank account opening for all the functionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Payment gateways and integr...
Financial Inclusion: Beyond NREGS <ul><li>Public Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Sta...
THANK YOU
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NREGS- Bihar (E-Shakti)

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ICT intervention in NREGS-Bihar through e-Shakti project under Department of Rural Development, Govt. of Bihar

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NREGS- Bihar (E-Shakti)

  1. 1. NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION
  2. 2. NREGS & Financial Inclusion NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION <ul><li>What is NREGS? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Financial Inclusion? </li></ul><ul><li>Why an ICT intervention in implementation of NREGS and Financial Inclusion? </li></ul><ul><li>How can ICT help? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Functional Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology for Rolling out NREGS & Financial Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Critical success factor of NREGS & Financial Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION </li></ul>
  3. 3. Executive Summary
  4. 4. NREGS: Team Understanding oject <ul><li>Unique initiative for the BPL/APL population of rural </li></ul><ul><li>ICT overhaul of the NREGS to optimize manual processes </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancements of Citizen-centric services </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of all Beneficiaries information </li></ul><ul><li>Biometric Identification and Authentication </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat malpractices and build transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Improve socio-economic status of the citizens </li></ul>
  5. 5. Capabilities <ul><li>Smart Card Production & Personalization Capability in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection experience in India and world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>Large Scale E- Governance project implementation experience of similar nature </li></ul><ul><li>AFIS (Automatic Finger Prints Identification System) </li></ul><ul><li>Software development experience </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing smart card projects globally in harsh Environment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Functional Overview: Financial Inclusion in NREGP
  7. 7. Functional Overview <ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form Filling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text Data entry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biometric Capture </li></ul><ul><li>AFIS </li></ul><ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Project Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Attendance monitoring (work measurement) </li></ul><ul><li>Payment Mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Data reconciliation for payment </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Grievance system </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Management </li></ul><ul><li>External Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Smart card printing and issuing </li></ul><ul><li>Smart card application </li></ul>
  8. 8. Previous Experience <ul><li>DRC Public workers ($7m) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Collection (biometric and text) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De-duplication (AFIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart card production and issuing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Data Center </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Previous Experience -Data Collection
  10. 10. Previous Experience -Data Collection
  11. 11. <ul><li>Data Collection, Transfer and Storage and Retrieval </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rules for Quality data Capture
  13. 13. Data Collection Process
  14. 14. Data Collection : Verification Source <ul><li>Data Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help in planning the district, block and village level schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verification of data in field during data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time saving during textual data collection at Village level </li></ul></ul>Data Data Source Parivar Soochi Rural Development Dept Voter Id State Election Commission NREGP Records Rural Development Dept PDS Records Food & Civil Supplies Dept
  15. 15. Data Collection : Process Flow
  16. 16. Biometric Data Collection Process
  17. 17. Data Collection : Data Transfer Mechanism
  18. 18. Data Collection : Man Power Scheduling (Pilot) <ul><li>Pilot: District </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection : Scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Textual data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Size : 10 units / Village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time spent per family : 10 mins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time taken to cover 1 Village: 2days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biometric data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Size: 3 units / Village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time spend per individual: 3 mins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time take to cover 1 Village: 2 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queue Management:: 1 unit / Village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual Data Collection : 350 Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biometric Data Collection: 100 Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queue Management: 30 Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Time taken to cover: 90 Days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total data collected: 1.3 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backend Processing at Patna: 60 Units </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Data Collection : Challenges <ul><li>Duplicate registrations </li></ul><ul><li>Low Beneficiary turnout </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme weather conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of security for ground staff </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors and superstitions about motive of project </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of data back up policy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of skilled man power </li></ul>Data Collection : Milestones <ul><li>Collection of verified textual & biometric data as per RFP timeline </li></ul><ul><li>De-duplication of database as per AFIS (USA) norms </li></ul><ul><li>Card creation, personalization and distribution of cards to beneficiaries as per RFP timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Handhelds activation along with cards distribution to initiate e-muster in phased manner </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Awareness & Sensatisation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Awareness and Sensitization : Role of Media
  22. 22. Awareness and Sensitization : High Visibility Spots
  23. 23. Awareness and Sensitization : Leaflets
  24. 24. <ul><li>SMARTCARD </li></ul>
  25. 25. SMARTCARD: NREGP & FI <ul><li>ISO/IEC 14443 Parts 2, 3 and 4. </li></ul><ul><li>/IEC 7816 including specifics as described in SCOSTA-CL (SCOSTA for Contactless Applications) </li></ul><ul><li>The OS must be certified to SCOSTA-CL by National Informatics Centre HQ, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>ISO / IEC 10373 tests compliance for both mechanical and electrical characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Contactless interface ISO 14443A compliant </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum of 32 KB of non-volatile EEPROM storage for data (excluding meta data) </li></ul><ul><li>Erase / write endurance of exceeding 300,000 cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum 15 Years data retention for EEPROM </li></ul><ul><li>0.14/0.18 mm CMOS technology or better </li></ul><ul><li>Works with reader field strength ranging from 1.5 to 7.5 A/m RMS </li></ul><ul><li>13.56MHz RF Field with support for communication speeds of 424Kbps or better </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware crypto co-processor with AES, Triple DES, RSA, Elyptic curve encryption support </li></ul><ul><li>Chip must meet Common Criteria EAL5+ and above </li></ul>Smartcard Operating System & IC
  26. 26. <ul><li>E-MUSTER: Application Software </li></ul>
  27. 27. e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>Integrated Workflow Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace Manual files and documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available at following functionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secretariat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Block </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panchayat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will enable functionaries to discharge their roles and responsibilities as per NREG guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes of the shelf projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logins for functionaries according to role and responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MIS Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate Reports against queries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functionaries to generate reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports to be design in cooperation with DRD </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>Grievance Redressal Mechanism Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens register grievances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens see redressal of grievances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fed into Login Accounts (Gov functionaries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grievances categorised into groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient method of registering (email, webform) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate acknowledgement with unique reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking through internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability and transparency (immediate action) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking and Escalation (must be attended to within timeframe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmation to citizen on action taken (email, sms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet based with no additional learning for citizen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report generation </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. e-Muster Application Software <ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate all data into one common map format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting Gov functionaries and citizen with visual representation of all information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate with satellite based real time applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must achieve the following benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Day to day operations as well as long term planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extend to other departments and will lead to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office automation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faster decision making </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managing records and information between departments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced querying, planning, maintenance scheduling, tracking reporting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. E-Muster Web based application : Logical Components
  31. 31. E-Muster Web based application : Deployment Architecture
  32. 32. <ul><li>Handheld Terminal </li></ul>
  33. 33. Handheld: Technical detail <ul><li>LINUX OS </li></ul><ul><li>Processor 500 MHZ </li></ul><ul><li>256 Mbytes RAM and 256 Mbytes Flash </li></ul><ul><li>Dot Matrix Printer </li></ul><ul><li>Fingerprint biometric sensor 508 dpi (FIPS 201) </li></ul><ul><li>Contactless smart card reader ISO 14443 a/b/c compliant </li></ul><ul><li>128 x 64 graphical screen </li></ul><ul><li>Inbuilt GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Voice guidance in Hindi </li></ul><ul><li>Battery power for 4 hours battery life </li></ul><ul><li>USB client interface </li></ul><ul><li>GSM/GPRS/CDMA communication interface </li></ul>
  34. 34. Handheld: Technical architecture
  35. 35. Handheld Device Accolades Demonstration to Dr. C. Rangarajan at a live-site in Karnataka
  36. 36. Device Demonstration at a live site to Mrs. Usha Thorat , Dy. Governor - RBI
  37. 37. <ul><li>Facility Management </li></ul>
  38. 38. Stake Holders
  39. 39. Facility Creation: District & Block
  40. 40. Complaint Cell <ul><li>Call Center at Lucknow </li></ul><ul><li>Help Desk: Grievance Cell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Level: Rural Dev. Ministry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District Level: DM/ DDC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Block Level: BDO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panchayat Level: Gram Rozgaar Sevak </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Capacity Building & Change Management </li></ul>
  42. 42. Change management
  43. 43. Performance Profile during Change
  44. 44. Change Management implementation
  45. 45. <ul><li>Financial Inclusion: Bank Account Opening of Beneficiaries </li></ul>
  46. 46. Functional Overview: Financial Inclusion in NREGS
  47. 47. Process Architecture
  48. 48. Banks as stakeholders <ul><li>Bank account opening for all the functionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Payment gateways and integration with the DoRD wage disbursement agency </li></ul><ul><li>Software module integrated to the payment gateway for ease of fund disbursement to the banks and thereon to the beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>MIS reports and info on wages accrued and wages disbursed will be made available on web-site and will be connected to the Grievance redressal module also </li></ul>
  49. 49. Financial Inclusion: Beyond NREGS <ul><li>Public Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>State Pension Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Insurance/ Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Money transfer (Money Order) </li></ul><ul><li>Bill payment (electricity, revenue taxes, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Prepaid recharge for telecom top-up etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ticketing (e-tickets) railways etc. </li></ul><ul><li>NGO cash transaction management etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Door to door -ATM (door step banking) </li></ul><ul><li>Identity based applications like Drivers License, Voters ID </li></ul><ul><li>Other Employment Generation Program of Govt. </li></ul>
  50. 50. THANK YOU

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