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NREGS- Bihar (E-Shakti)
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NREGS- Bihar (E-Shakti)

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ICT intervention in NREGS-Bihar through e-Shakti project under Department of Rural Development, Govt. of Bihar

ICT intervention in NREGS-Bihar through e-Shakti project under Department of Rural Development, Govt. of Bihar

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  • 1. NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION
  • 2. NREGS & Financial Inclusion NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION
    • What is NREGS?
    • What is Financial Inclusion?
    • Why an ICT intervention in implementation of NREGS and Financial Inclusion?
    • How can ICT help?
    • Technological Overview
    • Functional Overview
    • Methodology for Rolling out NREGS & Financial Inclusion
    • Critical success factor of NREGS & Financial Inclusion
    • Challenges
    • Benefits
    • Beyond NREGS & FINANCIAL INCLUSION
  • 3. Executive Summary
  • 4. NREGS: Team Understanding oject
    • Unique initiative for the BPL/APL population of rural
    • ICT overhaul of the NREGS to optimize manual processes
    • Enhancements of Citizen-centric services
    • Consolidation of all Beneficiaries information
    • Biometric Identification and Authentication
    • Defeat malpractices and build transparency
    • Improve socio-economic status of the citizens
  • 5. Capabilities
    • Smart Card Production & Personalization Capability in the country
    • Data Collection experience in India and world-wide
    • Large Scale E- Governance project implementation experience of similar nature
    • AFIS (Automatic Finger Prints Identification System)
    • Software development experience
    • Ongoing smart card projects globally in harsh Environment
  • 6. Functional Overview: Financial Inclusion in NREGP
  • 7. Functional Overview
    • Data Collection
      • Form Filling
      • Text Data entry
    • Biometric Capture
    • AFIS
    • GIS
    • Project Monitoring
    • Time and Attendance monitoring (work measurement)
    • Payment Mechanism
    • Data reconciliation for payment
    • Reporting
    • Grievance system
    • Facility Management
    • External Interfaces
    • Smart card printing and issuing
    • Smart card application
  • 8. Previous Experience
    • DRC Public workers ($7m)
      • Data Collection (biometric and text)
      • De-duplication (AFIS)
      • Smart card production and issuing
      • Central Data Center
  • 9. Previous Experience -Data Collection
  • 10. Previous Experience -Data Collection
  • 11.
    • Data Collection, Transfer and Storage and Retrieval
  • 12. Rules for Quality data Capture
  • 13. Data Collection Process
  • 14. Data Collection : Verification Source
    • Data Sources
    • Benefits
      • Help in planning the district, block and village level schedule
      • Verification of data in field during data collection
      • Time saving during textual data collection at Village level
    Data Data Source Parivar Soochi Rural Development Dept Voter Id State Election Commission NREGP Records Rural Development Dept PDS Records Food & Civil Supplies Dept
  • 15. Data Collection : Process Flow
  • 16. Biometric Data Collection Process
  • 17. Data Collection : Data Transfer Mechanism
  • 18. Data Collection : Man Power Scheduling (Pilot)
    • Pilot: District
    • Data Collection : Scheduling
    • Textual data
      • Team Size : 10 units / Village
      • Time spent per family : 10 mins
      • Time taken to cover 1 Village: 2days
    • Biometric data
      • Team Size: 3 units / Village
      • Time spend per individual: 3 mins
      • Time take to cover 1 Village: 2 days
      • Queue Management:: 1 unit / Village
      • Textual Data Collection : 350 Units
      • Biometric Data Collection: 100 Units
      • Queue Management: 30 Units
      • Total Time taken to cover: 90 Days
      • Total data collected: 1.3 million
      • Backend Processing at Patna: 60 Units
  • 19. Data Collection : Challenges
    • Duplicate registrations
    • Low Beneficiary turnout
    • Extreme weather conditions
    • Lack of infrastructure
    • Lack of security for ground staff
    • Rumors and superstitions about motive of project
    • Lack of data back up policy
    • Lack of skilled man power
    Data Collection : Milestones
    • Collection of verified textual & biometric data as per RFP timeline
    • De-duplication of database as per AFIS (USA) norms
    • Card creation, personalization and distribution of cards to beneficiaries as per RFP timeline
    • Handhelds activation along with cards distribution to initiate e-muster in phased manner
  • 20.
    • Awareness & Sensatisation
  • 21. Awareness and Sensitization : Role of Media
  • 22. Awareness and Sensitization : High Visibility Spots
  • 23. Awareness and Sensitization : Leaflets
  • 24.
    • SMARTCARD
  • 25. SMARTCARD: NREGP & FI
    • ISO/IEC 14443 Parts 2, 3 and 4.
    • /IEC 7816 including specifics as described in SCOSTA-CL (SCOSTA for Contactless Applications)
    • The OS must be certified to SCOSTA-CL by National Informatics Centre HQ, New Delhi
    • ISO / IEC 10373 tests compliance for both mechanical and electrical characteristics
    • Contactless interface ISO 14443A compliant
    • Minimum of 32 KB of non-volatile EEPROM storage for data (excluding meta data)
    • Erase / write endurance of exceeding 300,000 cycles
    • Minimum 15 Years data retention for EEPROM
    • 0.14/0.18 mm CMOS technology or better
    • Works with reader field strength ranging from 1.5 to 7.5 A/m RMS
    • 13.56MHz RF Field with support for communication speeds of 424Kbps or better
    • Hardware crypto co-processor with AES, Triple DES, RSA, Elyptic curve encryption support
    • Chip must meet Common Criteria EAL5+ and above
    Smartcard Operating System & IC
  • 26.
    • E-MUSTER: Application Software
  • 27. e-Muster Application Software
    • Integrated Workflow Management
      • Replace Manual files and documents
      • Available at following functionaries
        • Secretariat
        • District
        • Block
        • Panchayat
      • Will enable functionaries to discharge their roles and responsibilities as per NREG guidelines
      • Includes of the shelf projects
      • Logins for functionaries according to role and responsibility
    • MIS Software
      • Generate Reports against queries
      • Web Based
      • Functionaries to generate reports
      • Reports to be design in cooperation with DRD
  • 28. e-Muster Application Software
    • Grievance Redressal Mechanism Software
      • Web based
      • Citizens register grievances
      • Citizens see redressal of grievances
      • Fed into Login Accounts (Gov functionaries)
      • Grievances categorised into groups
      • Convenient method of registering (email, webform)
      • Immediate acknowledgement with unique reference
      • Tracking through internet
      • Accountability and transparency (immediate action)
      • Tracking and Escalation (must be attended to within timeframe)
      • Confirmation to citizen on action taken (email, sms)
      • Internet based with no additional learning for citizen
      • Report generation
  • 29. e-Muster Application Software
    • GIS
      • Integrate all data into one common map format
      • Web based
      • Presenting Gov functionaries and citizen with visual representation of all information
      • Integrate with satellite based real time applications
      • Must achieve the following benefits
        • Day to day operations as well as long term planning
        • Extend to other departments and will lead to
          • Office automation
          • Faster decision making
          • Managing records and information between departments
          • Advanced querying, planning, maintenance scheduling, tracking reporting
  • 30. E-Muster Web based application : Logical Components
  • 31. E-Muster Web based application : Deployment Architecture
  • 32.
    • Handheld Terminal
  • 33. Handheld: Technical detail
    • LINUX OS
    • Processor 500 MHZ
    • 256 Mbytes RAM and 256 Mbytes Flash
    • Dot Matrix Printer
    • Fingerprint biometric sensor 508 dpi (FIPS 201)
    • Contactless smart card reader ISO 14443 a/b/c compliant
    • 128 x 64 graphical screen
    • Inbuilt GPS
    • Voice guidance in Hindi
    • Battery power for 4 hours battery life
    • USB client interface
    • GSM/GPRS/CDMA communication interface
  • 34. Handheld: Technical architecture
  • 35. Handheld Device Accolades Demonstration to Dr. C. Rangarajan at a live-site in Karnataka
  • 36. Device Demonstration at a live site to Mrs. Usha Thorat , Dy. Governor - RBI
  • 37.
    • Facility Management
  • 38. Stake Holders
  • 39. Facility Creation: District & Block
  • 40. Complaint Cell
    • Call Center at Lucknow
    • Help Desk: Grievance Cell
      • State Level: Rural Dev. Ministry
      • District Level: DM/ DDC
      • Block Level: BDO
        • Panchayat Level: Gram Rozgaar Sevak
  • 41.
    • Capacity Building & Change Management
  • 42. Change management
  • 43. Performance Profile during Change
  • 44. Change Management implementation
  • 45.
    • Financial Inclusion: Bank Account Opening of Beneficiaries
  • 46. Functional Overview: Financial Inclusion in NREGS
  • 47. Process Architecture
  • 48. Banks as stakeholders
    • Bank account opening for all the functionaries
    • Payment gateways and integration with the DoRD wage disbursement agency
    • Software module integrated to the payment gateway for ease of fund disbursement to the banks and thereon to the beneficiaries
    • MIS reports and info on wages accrued and wages disbursed will be made available on web-site and will be connected to the Grievance redressal module also
  • 49. Financial Inclusion: Beyond NREGS
    • Public Distribution
    • Health and Insurance
    • State Pension Schemes
    • Micro Insurance/ Finance
    • Money transfer (Money Order)
    • Bill payment (electricity, revenue taxes, ..)
    • Prepaid recharge for telecom top-up etc.
    • Ticketing (e-tickets) railways etc.
    • NGO cash transaction management etc.
    • Door to door -ATM (door step banking)
    • Identity based applications like Drivers License, Voters ID
    • Other Employment Generation Program of Govt.
  • 50. THANK YOU