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200511 Guise Of Security Eng With Intro
 

200511 Guise Of Security Eng With Intro

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    200511 Guise Of Security Eng With Intro 200511 Guise Of Security Eng With Intro Presentation Transcript

    • Under the Guise of Security Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable Israeli Settlement Expansion B’Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Bimkom: Planners for Planning Rights B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The barrier runs through the West Bank Length of the Barrier: 680 kilometers Twice the length of the green line Cost: US$2.5 m i l l i o n p e r k i l o m e t e r Total cost = $1.55 billion Population affected: 490,000 P a l e s t i n i a n s i n 92 Co mm u n i t i e s d i r e c t l y a f f e c t e d Amount of Land affected: 12.4% of the West Bank The barrier's route The principal human rights violation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The barrier runs through the West Bank Israel: The route is based only on security considerations. Is this the case? Extensive infringement of Palestinian human rights The barrier's route The principal human rights violation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The purpose according to the Cabinet's decision: To reduce the entry of terrorists from Judea and Samaria to carry out attacks in Israel Protection of settlements is not mentioned The purpose according to the Defense Ministry: "To reduce the ability of terrorists to infiltrate the territory of Israel from the territory of the Palestinian Authority." The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • When the matter was heard in the High Court, the state was compelled to admit: "Indeed, part of the route was planned to also grant protection to Israeli residents living in Judea and Samaria, who are also suffering from terror attacks." And still... The principal justification for the route remains: Preventing entry into Israel The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Israel: The route is based on two "operational considerations" Creating a buffer zone : An open area in which security forces can capture terrorists who get through the barrier The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Topographic superiority : Enables protection of army patrols along the barrier and prevents firing on communities. Israel: The route is based on two "operational considerations" The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Israel: The barrier is a temporary measure Requisition of land orders are for three years. Israel has torn down fences it built along its borders. The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The official in charge of planning the route, Col . Dan Tirza : “ The fence does not give one centimeter to the settlements. The land for the settlements is determined by other means, in other places, and not by the fence’s route. I have a mission: I have to prevent terrorists from crossing.” (June 2005) The official version The considerations in setting the route B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The route surrounds 60 settlements. It separates the settlements from the rest of the West Bank. It connects the settlements to Israel. Is this the case? Only security considerations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • In many cases, the barrier runs right alongside the Palestinian built-up area. In most cases, the barrier is hundreds of meters from the houses in the settlements. Is this the case? Only security considerations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • B'Tselem and Bimkom studied 12 portions of the route : The desire to expand the settlements in the future determined the route. The barrier runs along the borders of the outline plans in each case. Is this the case? Only security considerations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The barrier creates permanent facts : Even if it is torn down later, the new "neighborhoods" built as a result of the barrier will remain. Temporal barrier Security arguments under challenge B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • A buffer zone is empty space , to chase after terrorists who crossed the barrier. Built-up area is not a buffer zone . Israel intends to fill the empty area with new settlements. Buffer Zone Security arguments under challenge B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • More than once, in order to surround the settlement areas planned for construction, an inferior route was chosen . The desire to expand settlements: Endangers army patrols along the barrier Enables gunfire on the Israeli side Topography Security arguments under challenge B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Road Map: Israel freezes all settlement activity (including natural growth of settlements) Road map violation Settlement expansion B'TSELEM BIMKOM George W Bush: “ We expect all parties to adhere to the road map ” 20.10.2005 Ehud Olmert: “ We will uphold the road map ” 17.1.2006
    • The barrier is far from the Green Line. Much Palestinian farmland is situated in the “seam zone.” Thousands of Palestinians receive permits to the “seam zone.” Access from the “seam zone” to Israel is not blocked by the barrier. The result: more Palestinians have access to Israel Entry to Israel Security arguments under challenge B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • In setting the route, Israel took into account existing settlements . Israel also took into account future settlements not yet built. Grave violation of Palestinian human rights Even more serious breach of human rights Settlements Human rights violations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • 1. Separates Palestinians from their farmland. 2. Facilitates land expropriation . 3. Creates enclaves detached from the rest of the West Bank. 4. Blocks urban development of Palestinian communities. The route : Patterns of violation Human rights violations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The settlement currently has 200 housing units. The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Tzur Yigal a-Nabi Elyas
    • The "Nofei Zufin" outline plan calls for another 1,200 housing units. In effect: a new settlement The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Tzur Yigal a-Nabi Elyas
    • Plan for an industrial and residential areas The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Tzur Yigal a-Nabi Elyas
    • The barrier surrounds this whole area. The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Tzur Yigal a-Nabi Elyas
    • 70% of Jayus lands remain on the other side of the barrier. Access to the land requires a permit. Residents can cross only through one gate, during the hours it is open. Zufin Jayus a-Nabi Elyas The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Gate Gate
    • Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Longer travel time Reduced farm income. Implementation of expansion plans will aggravate the harm. a-Nabi Elyas The Zufin settlement Case study: Separating farmers from their land B'TSELEM BIMKOM Gate Gate
    • 32,000 people live in the settlement bloc. Kiryat Seffer Modi'in Illit Mattityahu Hashmona'im Ganei Modi'in Menora Bil'in Saffa Harbata Deir Qaddis Ni'lin al - Midya Modi'in Shilat Lapid The Modi'in Illit bloc Case study: Facilitating land expropriation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Expansion plans for the settlements Ganei Modi’in C Ganei Modi’in B Mattityahu North Ne'ot Hapisga Mattityahu East Kiryat Seffer Modi'in Illit Mattityahu Hashmona'im Ganei Modi'in Menora Bil'in Saffa Harbata Deir Qaddis Ni'lin al - Midya Modi'in Shilat Lapid The Modi'in Illit bloc Case study: Facilitating land expropriation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The separation barrier surrounds the area. Ganei Modi’in C Ganei Modi’in B Mattityahu North Ne'ot Hapisga Mattityahu East Kiryat Seffer Modi'in Illit Mattityahu Hashmona'im Ganei Modi'in Menora Bil'in Saffa Harbata Deir Qaddis Ni'lin al - Midya Modi'in Shilat Lapid The Modi'in Illit bloc Case study: Facilitating land expropriation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • 600 dunams of land owned by residents of Bil’in will become part of Mattityahu East. Fear: the land will be declared “state land” Mattityahu East Bil'in Kiryat Seffer Ne'ot Hapisga The Modi'in Illit bloc Case study: Facilitating land expropriation B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Ras 'Atiya a - Nabi Elyas Nirit Matan Givat Tal 1,400 housing units Ilanit 240 housing units The barrier surrounds the settlements, creating an enclave between it and the Green Line. Habla “ Jewish lands” 1 ,300 housing units Ras a - Tira a - Dab'a Wadi a - Rasha ' Arab a - Ramadin ' Arab Abu Farda Alfe Menashe Case study: Creating enclaves B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • 1,200 Palestinians live in the enclave's five villages. Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Ras 'Atiya a - Nabi Elyas Nirit Matan Habla Ras a - Tira a - Dab'a Wadi a - Rasha ' Arab a - Ramadin ' Arab Abu Farda Alfe Menashe Case study: Creating enclaves B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • a - Nabi Elyas Life in the enclaves : Civil Administration permit required Exit and entry only through gates and checkpoints Daily life disrupted: even ambulances need to coordinate entry Livelihood harmed: shepherds are separated from grazing lands Impossible to hold family events Alfe Menashe Ras a - Tira a - Dab'a Wadi a - Rasha ' Arab a - Ramadin ' Arab Abu Farda Alfe Menashe Case study: Creating enclaves B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The Separation Barrier in East Jerusalem . Neve Ya'akov Case study: Blocking urban development B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • Inside Jerusalem municipality Geva neighborhood 60,000 residents Neve Ya'akov Geva Binyamin ( Adam ) Hizma a - Ram Beit Hanina Jaba' Barrier “annexes” 1,800 dunams to Jerusalem . Geva is not an expansion of Geva Binyamin. Barrier will block a-Ram’s urban development. Hizma and Jaba’ residents will lose access to grazing lands. 1,200 housing units Neve Ya'akov Case study: Blocking urban development B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The settlements: breach international law Acts intended to perpetuate the settlements are illegal . Legal analysis Human rights violations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • The route separates the settlements from the rest of the West Bank, and creates territorial contiguity between them and Israeli territory. This is the reason for the route, and for this reason also, the barrier's route is illegal . The illegality is much more obvious when the objective is to expand existing settlements and to protect the interests of real estate developers. Legal analysis Legal analysis Human rights violations B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • In order to enable settlement expansion, Israel has created a barrier that: Compromises security , Harms Palestinian rights , Prevents creation of a contiguous Palestinian state . Legal analysis Implications The route of the Barrier B'TSELEM BIMKOM
    • B’Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Bimkom: Planners for Planning Rights Israel has the right to defend itself. If it requires a barrier, it may build it on the Green Line or inside its own territory. B'TSELEM BIMKOM