Mormugao Port, a protected open type natural harbour, is situated on magnificent and hospitable coastline on the west of India in the latitude 15˚25’ North and Longitude 73˚48’ East at the mouth of the river ‘Zuari’ in the state of Goa.
The harbour is also protected from the South West monsoon as it has been constructed on the leeward side of Mormugao Headland.
Mormugao Port is connected through road with the rest of the country through two national highways NH-17 and NH-4A. The NH-4A highway eventually joins with NH-14 which connects Mumbai and Bangalore. The NH-17A highway connects Mormugao to NH-17 at Cortalim.
Transhippers are provided and managed by the private exporters and presently there are 6 such transhipper in the harbour.
The transhipper are loaded by barges brought alongside which in turn get loaded into the main ore carriers through conveyors system available in transhipper and generally loading rates ranging from 12000 TPD to 20000 TPD.
Name of the Transhipper Year of the acquisition Owner Maratha Deep 1986 Chowgule & Co Ltd. Swathi Rani 1981 V.M.Salgaocar & Bros Ltd. Priyam Vada 1981 V.S. Dempo & Co Ltd. Orissa 1991 SESA Goa
The barges collect iron from various mines from 17 different points through River Zuari and Mandovi, the navigational channel. Once the exporter sends his trucks loaded with cargo to these points, the cargo is straight unloaded into the barges and brought to the 5 finger jetties at Berth No 9, MOHP.
Mormugao Port Trust is the only unique port handling almost 30-35% of Indian iron ore exports among the other major ports of India. Out of the total traffic handled at port, nearly 80% of traffic is only of iron ore which make Mormugao Port Trust, a premier iron ore handling port of India with an annual throughput of 48 MT of traffics.
2008-09 41.68 Million tons 2009-10 40.57 Million tons
Iron ore traffic vulnerable to Chinese demand & may reduce
Competition from Panjim, New-Mangalore and also from Ennore/Chennai & Krishnapatanam possible
Co-operation not in full vigour from local authorities
Karnataka Govt. banned on mining the ore so as to reserve and satisfy the local customers
New mines have found in different countries like Australia which has the similar quality of the ore and their transportation and service costs are quite lesser, which may reduce the demand of Goan ore.
Older machines/equipments may reduce the productivity unless not replaced with the newer and high capacity ones within the certain period of time
Inadequate hinterland connectivity of rail and road may affect the traffic
By increasing the incentive returns from 8 times to 10 times of 4.5 Rs per tn to 6 Rs per tn .As to motivate them by giving an opportunity to export more cargo from this port & holding them only to do that from M.P.T.
Plot area must be surrounded by building the walls around it, so cargo can be loaded up to a height of 3-4 m adjacent to the walls, this will increase the storing capacity.
If the approach channel and berth no.9 is deepened by 1mts, then the larger ships would be able to load additional cargo, subject to depth limitations at destinations port.
The effect of deepening the channel would principally be an increase in average size of ship handled at berth no.9, reduction in berth occupancy at berth no.9 and the reduction in average size of ships handled by transhippers.