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World hunger intro

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  • 1. World Hunger Introduction
  • 2. Definitions
    • Hunger
      • The uneasy or painful sensation caused by lack of food
    • Food Insecurity
      • Exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain
  • 3. Definitions
    • Malnutrition
      • Impaired development or function
    • Undernutrition
      • Inadequate intake, absorption, or utilization of nutrients
    • Protein-Energy Malnutrition
      • Extremely deficient intake of protein and calories often exacerbated by accompanying illness
  • 4. A Few Statistics
    • “Hunger and malnutrition remain among the most devastating problems facing the majority of the world’s poor and needy people, and continue to dominate the health of the world’s poorest nations.”
      • Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, WHO Technical report Series 916
  • 5. A Few Statistics
    • Nearly 30% of humanity are currently suffering from one or more of the multiple forms of malnutrition
    • 60% of the 10.9 million deaths each year among children under age 5 in the developing world is associated with malnutrition
  • 6. A Few Statistics
    • Iodine deficiency is estimated to affect more than 700 million people, most of them in less developed countries
      • The biggest preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation worldwide
    • Over 2000 million people have iron deficiency anemia
  • 7. A Few Statistics
    • Vitamin A deficiency remain the single greatest preventable cause of needless childhood blindness and increased risk or premature childhood mortality from infectious diseases
      • 250 million children under age 5 have subclinical deficiency
  • 8. A Few Statistics
    • Intrauterine growth retardation resulting in low birth weight affects 23.8% or approximately 30 million newborns per year
      • Influences growth, survival, and physical and mental capacity in childhood
      • Has major public health implications due to increase risk of chronic disease in adulthood
  • 9. A Few Statistics
    • Food insecurity and undernutrition persist in the same countries where chronic diseases are emerging as a major epidemic.
    • The obesity epidemic is being seen globally, along with the chronic diseases that accompany it.
  • 10. A Few Statistics
    • In 5 out of the 6 regions of WHO, deaths caused by chronic diseases dominate the mortality statistics
    • 79% of all deaths attributable to chronic diseases are already occurring in developing countries
  • 11. A Few Statistics
    • “Diseases of affluence” not a correct name for chronic disease
      • Are rapidly emerging both in poorer countries and in the poorer population groups in richer countries
    • A major public health threat
  • 12. Position of WHO
    • “ The two facets of nutrition-related problems (undernutrition and chronic diseases) need to be brought together and treated in the context of the whole spectrum of malnutrition.”
    • “ The provision of safe and nutritious food is now recognized not only as a human need but also as a basic right.” report 916