Jane Keats "Factories of the Future"

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FabLab stands for "Fabrication Laboratories". These are centres equipped with 3D printers, laser cutters and all sorts of other digitally controlled equipment. The first one was opened in MIT by Neil Gerschenfeld, professor of Bits and Atoms with a course entitled "How to make (almost) anything". They have now spread across the world including England. This presentation by Jane Keats was given to Leeds and Sheffield inventors clubs.

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Jane Keats "Factories of the Future"

  1. 1. Factories of the FutureJane Keats21 September 2011Leeds Inventors Group
  2. 2. Summary1.  Fab Labs2.  Next Industrial Revolution3.  Factory of the Future4.  Open innovation5.  Personal Experiences
  3. 3. Show of Hands• Fab Lab• MakerBot, RepRap or Ulti-maker• Shop Bot• Ponoko
  4. 4. 1. Fab Labs
  5. 5. What is a Fab lab?Definition:Fab Labs are a globalnetwork of local labs,enabling invention byproviding access forindividuals to tools fordigital fabrication.http://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=Fab_Charter
  6. 6. HistoryProfessor Neil GershenfeldMITs Center for Bits and Atoms2001 Grassroots invention group2011 - 90 Fab Labs world widehttp://www.protospace.nl/fabmoments/bolcom-prints-lijmen
  7. 7. What is in a Fab Lab? MAKE IT ELECTRONICS •  Laser cutter •  Welding station •  Wood Router •  Oscilloscope •  3d Printer •  Power supply •  Milling machine •  Electronic components •  Vinyl/ sign cutter •  Basic hand tools •  Moulding and casting •  Embroidery machinehttp://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=Portal:Equiment
  8. 8. What’s does a Fab Lab look like?
  9. 9. Local Fab Labs BUSINESS USE Tuesday – Thursday 9:00 – 17:00 EVERYONE Friday 09:00 – 17:00 Saturday 10:00 – 18:00http://www.fablabmanchester.org/
  10. 10. What can you make in a Fab Lab?
  11. 11. Vaccum formerNew Flying Drone Bubblehttp://www.protospace.nl/fabmoments/aerodynamische-kap-drone
  12. 12. Laser CutterRingshttp://www.protospace.nl/fabmoments/ring-0
  13. 13. 3d Print another machineRepRap Mendal component ABS Plastichttp://www.protospace.nl/fabmoments/reprap-mendel-prusa-onderdelen
  14. 14. CNC MillingColums by Michael Hansmeyer, 1mm acrylic layershttp://blog.ponoko.com/2011/09/18/incredible-cnc-milled-columns-designed- with-processing/#more-30161
  15. 15. HousesSolar Decathlon Europe 2010http://www.fablabhouse.com/http://fablabbcn.org/
  16. 16. HousesInterior
  17. 17. Materialswww.inventables.comhttp://www.inventables.com/
  18. 18. Ways to use a Fab LabFREE RENTYou must learn to do it Exclusive access to machines andyourself, and you must share expertise within the Fab Lab.you knowledge with otherusers. Commercial activities can be incubated in Fab Labs but theyDesigns and processes must should grow beyond rather thanremain available for individual within the lab.use, although intellectualproperty can be protectedhowever you choose.http://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=Fab_Charter
  19. 19. LicencingCreative Commons open content licensesA pool of content that can be copied, distributed, edited,remixed, and built upon, all within the boundaries ofcopyright law.Use this as a resource yourself,http://creativecommons.org
  20. 20. 2. Next Industrial Revolution Additive manufacturing on a personal scale.
  21. 21. ReprapMendal prusa DarwinReprap.org
  22. 22. 3D Printhttps://picasaweb.google.com/107219183520752939264/UltimakerGallery? feat=flashalbum#5622501612365797538
  23. 23. RepRap surpasses commercial 3d printerhttp://blog.reprap.org/2011/09/tipping-point-of-print-quality-open.html
  24. 24. MakerBot Industries Laser cutter Thing-O-matichttp://www.makerbot.com/http://www.thingiverse.com/
  25. 25. UltimakerBigger, lighter, faster, finer…http://wiki.ultimaker.com/Ultimaker_specs_and_features
  26. 26. Food Design
  27. 27. FoodFrench Cullinary Institute, Dave Arnold
  28. 28. Food DesignTortilla Chips
  29. 29. CeramicsInsulated Tea Cuphttp://www.unfold.be/pages/projects/items/3d-printer
  30. 30. 3D printed tissuesLive cells in a printable mediumDirect Freeform Fabrication of Seeded Hydrogels in Arbitrary Geometries
  31. 31. 3. Factory of the Future Distributed manufacturing.
  32. 32. Distributed Manufacturing2001: Digital music files - iTunes2004: Digital photo files - Flickr2005: Digital video files - YouTube2007: Digital 3d Products- Fab labs, personal 3d printers and Ponokohttp://cba.mit.edu/events/11.08.FAB7/Elley.pdf
  33. 33. Business modelFar (China) (pre mfg infrastructure) (volume efficiencies) 1 100 1,000 10,000 Units (prototype) (flexible manufacturing) CloseFrom Chris Andersons presentation Fab7 2011
  34. 34. Pononko.comhttp://cba.mit.edu/events/11.08.FAB7/Elley.pdf
  35. 35. Materials Card Fabric Metal Plastic Rubber MDF Plywoodwwww.Ponoko.com
  36. 36. What can I make at Ponoko?UFO Classic lamphttp://www.ponoko.com/design-your-own/products/ufo-classic--6251
  37. 37. What can I make at Ponoko? Necklace Clockhttp://www.ponoko.com/build-your-own/furniture/kirie-01-5730http:// www.ponoko.com/design-your-own/products/geodes-1614
  38. 38. What can I make at Ponoko?Buy the CAD files and print your own.http://www.ponoko.com/design-your-own/products/three-good-eggs-5602
  39. 39. Case studyMIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interfacehttp://new.ponoko.com/2010/10/nomoney/
  40. 40. Local ponoko maker hubRazor Lab, Londonhttp://www.razorlab.co.uk/
  41. 41. 4. Open Innovation
  42. 42. Crowd sourcingRetrovirus enzyme folded to create ultimate crystalstructure.http://fold.it/http://www.cs.washington.edu/homes/zoran/NSMBfoldit-2011.pdf
  43. 43. Open Source Car OScarhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OScar_(open_source_car)
  44. 44. Open Design Now“openness is more than acommercial and cultural issue.it’s a matter of survival.” JohnThackara “He who receives an idea fromme, receives instruction himselfwithout lessening mine; as hewho lights his taper at mine,receives light without darkeningme.”Thomas Jeffersonhttp://opendesignnow.org/
  45. 45. 5. Personal Experiences
  46. 46. CNC Kip
  47. 47. CNC Kip
  48. 48. The Future for Leeds• Investigate building your own rapid prototyper• Sign up to Ponoko and razor lab• Make a visit to to Manchester Fab Lab.• Set up a Leeds Fab Lab
  49. 49. Factories of the FutureJane Keats21 September 2011Leeds Inventors Group

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