Unit 1 Intro to Anatomy
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Unit 1 Intro to Anatomy

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Unit 1 Intro to Anatomy Unit 1 Intro to Anatomy Presentation Transcript

  • Facebook: h_noveno@hotmail.com Instagram: Nio Noveno I hope you will make good use of my slides. Enjoy learning!  Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 1
  • Unit 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy Hilario Jr Cruzada Noveno Lecturer 1 Hilario Jr. Cruzada Noveno
  • Definition of Terms • Anatomy – a branch of biology and medicine that is the consideration of the structure of living things Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 3
  • Definition of Terms • Physiology – Science of body functions Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 4
  • Levels of Organization Chemical: atoms to molecules Cellular: cells with organelles Tissue: groups of cells & surround Organ: groups of tissues performing a common function System: group of organs with a common function Organism Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 5
  • Figure 1.1a Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 6
  • Figure 1.1 Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 7
  • The Eleven Organ Systems Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 8
  • Integumentary System Skin Hair Nails Sweat glands Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 9
  • Skeletal System Bones Associated cartilages Ligaments Joints Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 10
  • Muscular System Muscles Tendons Cartilages Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 11
  • Nervous System Brain Spinal cord Nerves Accessory organs Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 12
  • Endocrine System Pituitary Hormones Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 13
  • Cardiovascular System Heart Blood vessels Blood Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 14
  • Respiratory System Lungs Respiratory passages Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 15
  • Female Reproductive System Ovaries Vagina Uterus Mammary glands Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 16
  • Male Reproductive System Testes Ducts Penis Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 17
  • Digestive System Mouth Esophagus Stomach Intestiine Accessory organs Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 18
  • Urinary System Kidneys Urinary bladder Urinary ducts Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 19
  • Nine Regions of the Abdomen Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 20
  • Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 21
  • Four Quadrants of the Abdomen Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 22
  • Abdominopelvic Organs Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 23
  • Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 24
  • Anatomical Positions Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 25
  • Anatomical Positions Prone Supine Lateral Sim’s Trendelenburg Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 26
  • Directional Terms Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 27
  • Anterior [ ] Posterior [ ] Superior [ ] Inferior [ ] Proximal [ ] Distal [ Anatomy ] h_noveno@hotmail.com 28
  • Midline [ ] Medial [ ] Lateral [ ] Right [ Left [ Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com ] ] 29
  • Body Planes Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 30
  • Frontal [ ] Transverse [ ] Midsagittal [ ] Parasagittal [ ] Oblique [ Anatomy ] h_noveno@hotmail.com 31
  • Body Cavities Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 32
  • Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 33
  • Body Cavities [ ] Cranial Vertebral Thoracic Abdominopelvic Abdominal Pelvic Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 34
  • Body Cavities [ Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com ] 35
  • Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 36
  • Necessary Life Functions • Movement – Locomotion – Movement of substances • Responsiveness – Ability to sense changes and react • Digestion – Break-down and delivery of nutrients Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 37
  • Necessary Life Functions • Maintain Boundaries • Metabolism – chemical reactions within the body – Production of energy – Making body structures • Excretion – Elimination of waste from metabolic reactions -- Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 38
  • Survival Needs • Nutrients – Chemicals for energy and cell building – Includes carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals • Oxygen – Required for chemical reactions Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 39
  • Survival Needs • Water – 60–80% of body weight – Provides for metabolic reaction • Stable body temperature • Atmospheric pressure must be appropriate - Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 40
  • Next Topic The Cell Tissues and glands Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 41
  • Next meeting we will have a quiz about the topic that we discussed today. Thank you! Have a good day! Anatomy h_noveno@hotmail.com 42