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Ndg   presentation at the rainbow min
 

Ndg presentation at the rainbow min

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    Ndg   presentation at the rainbow min Ndg presentation at the rainbow min Presentation Transcript

    • Challenges and opportunities for education Towards building a better future for Guatemala Rainbow Café March 15th 2011
    • Education is a fundamental human right
      • Article 26 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
      • Article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ratified by Guatemala on 19 May 1988)
      • Article 24 of the Convention of the Rights of the Child
    • Quality education is central to development
      • The ‘ most powerful weapon, which you can use to change the world’ (N. Mandela)
      • It creates a ‘ ripple effect of opportunities ’ (UNICEF)
      • A powerful equalizer , which helps lift people out of poverty (World Bank)
    • Why invest in education?
      • Education benefits to:
      • The individual : health, nutrition, inequality reduction, productivity and earnings increase
      • Society as a whole : it contributes to peace and stability, democratization, economic health, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability.
    • 1. Numerous challenges
    • General Challenges (1/2)
      • More than half of the population is below the national poverty line and 15% lives in extreme poverty.
      • Distribution of income remains highly unequal :
        • wealthiest 10% comprising over 40% of Guatemala's overall consumption and owning nearly 50%of the national wealth, while the poorest 10 % owning less than 1%.
        • missing a middle class, political power mostly within an
        • elite group
    • General challenges (2/2) 43% of children under five are chronically malnourished, one of the highest malnutrition rates in the world
    • Facts and figures on education (1/4)
      • Persistently low literacy rates
      • Percentage of literate Guatemalans aged 15–24 lowest in Latin America and the Caribbean during 2001–2005.
      • Since 2002, Guatemala managed to increase its literacy rate among 15–24-year-olds to 88 percent in 2006, adult literacy rate 73% (2003-2008)
      • But this rate is still the lowest among countries with similar GDP per capita and among lowest in Latin America.
    • Facts and figures on education (2/4)
      • Gross Enrollment Rate (GER)
      • In primary school 95% (2003–2008), but only 72,5 % finish primary school : low score in comparison to Latin America, even lower score if you take in consideration finishing in the established time 39%
      • In secondary school 56%: lowest score in whole Latin America and Caribbean.
      • 26% of the children between 7 and 14 do not attend school.
    • Facts and figures on education (3/4)
      • Too few children complete primary education
      • The rate of children who complete primary education is the second lowest in Latin America , and significantly lower than that found in Honduras and Bolivia, (countries with lower GDP per capita).
      • Yet positive results in increasing its aggregated primary completion rates from 1991 to 2006 (from 39 percent to 73 percent).
    • Facts and figures on education (4/4)
      • Gender, geographic and ethnic disparities persist
      • One of the few countries in the region where fewer girls than boys complete primary school.
      • Children from the wealthiest 20 % of society are more than twice as likely
      • to finish primary school as the poorest 20 % of children.
      • Only 42 % of rural children are likely to finish primary school , almost half the rate of urban children.
      • Indigenous children in both rural and urban areas scored about 17% lower than non-indigenous children in grade 3 and 6 Spanish tests.
      • Non indigenous male youth has an average of 5,6 years of school attendance, while indigenous youth only 3,5 years.
    • Intersecting social disparities – urban, rural, indigenous, ladino gap
    • State policies: missing financial effort (1/2)
      • Guatemala has among the lowest levels of health and education spending relative to GDP in Latin America and the Caribbean , despite steps taken since the 1996 Peace Agreements to increase social spending.
      • The Government spends only 2.6 % of its GDP on education compared to the 4,4% in Latin America.
      • Low tax revenue: Guatemala still has one of the lowest tax bases in the region and among the most generous tax exemptions and fiscal incentives for business: tax base of 12% was below the Central American average of 16 % (2006)
      • According to the Ministry of Education only 14,5% of public schools count with the basic facilities , such as drinking water, electricity, classrooms in decent conditions, adequate sanitary services and sufficient space.
    • State policies: missing financial effort (2/2)
    • State policies: gap between rhetoric and practice
      • The peace agreements (1996) established the compromise to expand the coverage of education, to promote alphabetization, bilingual education and the education of girls.
      • The Constitution establishes that primary and basic education is free of charge and mandatory (art.74), education should be multilingual , multiethnic and pluricultural, considering the local community (art. 1, 56 to 58).
      • One element is the decentralization of the administration of education and projects of schools which were self governed (PRONADE).
      • Mi familia progresa , a Government program, which obliges families to send their children to school bilingual.
      • Intercultural education is reduced to bilingualism.
    • Other influential factors
      • Socio-economic
      • Malnutrition
      • Ill health
      • Poverty
      • Lack of access to pre-primary education and secondary education (80% of middle school education is private)
      • Violence
      • Drugs
      • Political
      • One of the few Latin American countries with teacher education at secondary school level
      • Very complex national teaching plan
      • Enormous influence of the teachers’ unions to blockade changes
      • Value of education vs. corruption
      • Political tool
    • 2. Niños de Guatemala: an opportunity
    • Providing a better future for Guatemalan children
      • Creation in 2006
      • Education through a better future
      • Empowering local communities
      • Reaching self-sufficiency
    • Our project: The Primary School Nuestro Futuro (‘Our Future’) in Ciudad Vieja
      • Since January 2009
      • In 2009, the school started with three grades
      • Each year, a new grade is added so that by 2014 the school will be completed
      • Nuestro Futuro, our primary school in Ciudad Vieja
      • We target the most underprivileged children , who would not have such an opportunity otherwise.
      • Some of our students are the first ones of their families to achieve literacy.
      • 138 students to date.
      Our students
    • Our students
    • The curriculum
      • In the morning: government-approved program.
      • In the afternoon: remedial teaching, arts, crafts and sports.
    • Involving and empowering local communities
      • An experienced local staff runs and teaches at Nuestro Futuro
      • Parents are involved as much as it is possible
      • We are working on setting up a community center
    • 3. Everyone can do something!
    • How to help?
      • Become a volunteer at Nuestro Futuro
      • Become a padrino and sponsor the education of a child
      • Leave us a donation
    • The Padrino Program
      • By donating 35 Euros or US $50 a month , you will sponsor a specific child’s and his/her education .
      • Your donation will cover:
      • Daily snack at the school
      • School supplies and books
      • Uniforms once a year
      • A percentage of the teacher’s wage
      • A percentage of the school maintenance
    •  
    • See first-hand NDG’s Work in the Primary School Nuestro Futuro: The Experience Guatemala Tour
      • Visit two typical local businesses
      • Walk through the fields where most of the families work and through the neighborhood where Nuestro Futuro’s students live .
      • Visit Nuestro Futuro and taste a ‘ comida tipica’ prepared by the children’s mothers.
    • Our tour in Ciudad Vieja
    • For more information visit www.ninosdeguatemala.org Thank you for your attention and support!
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