Amanda Jones: Networking for Youth Housing

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  • In metropolitan Washington, DC alone, 2,879 youth were counted among the 11,752 homeless (Comey, Smith, & Tatian, 2009). 
    Youth tend to move in and out of various stages of homelessness (R. Hooks-Wayman, personal communication, November 3, 2009).
    Over the past two centuries, the characterization of homeless youth has always been negative, including names such as "evil delinquents", "roving street Arabs", "problematic", "street urchins", "lost children", and "abused runaways" and they've even been compared to wild animals.
    Current buzzword: “throwaways” (Karabanow, 2004).
  • In metropolitan Washington, DC alone, 2,879 youth were counted among the 11,752 homeless (Comey, Smith, & Tatian, 2009). 
    Youth tend to move in and out of various stages of homelessness (R. Hooks-Wayman, personal communication, November 3, 2009).
    Over the past two centuries, the characterization of homeless youth has always been negative, including names such as "evil delinquents", "roving street Arabs", "problematic", "street urchins", "lost children", and "abused runaways" and they've even been compared to wild animals.
    Current buzzword: “throwaways” (Karabanow, 2004).
  • Abuse happens in families as well as foster care (Karabanow , 2004).
    25 to 35 percent of homeless youth repeat a grade; these youth are also much more likely to be suspended, expelled, or drop out (Toro, Dwarsky, and Fowler, 2007).
    High school graduates earn $200K more over 40 years than dropouts.  Those with at least some college earn $500K, college graduates an estimated $1.1M more.
    27 to 44 percent of homeless girls have been pregnant at least once (Robertson, 2004).
  • Abuse happens in families as well as foster care (Karabanow , 2004).
    25 to 35 percent of homeless youth repeat a grade; these youth are also much more likely to be suspended, expelled, or drop out (Toro, Dwarsky, and Fowler, 2007).
    High school graduates earn $200K more over 40 years than dropouts.  Those with at least some college earn $500K, college graduates an estimated $1.1M more.
    27 to 44 percent of homeless girls have been pregnant at least once (Robertson, 2004).
  • No local agency or region can do it all
    Agencies need to determine for their own city/area:
    Which youth have highest level of harm
    Target services to those youth, recognizing that hard choices must be made
    A lot of “global” programs/centers are mediocre/ineffective (Hooks-Wayman’s personal/professional opinion/NAEH stance)
    Go w/ Maslow: basic level of stability to youth first; focus on providing that well
    Network with other providers, advocate for easy access to referrals
    “Other Supports” can be family assistance, youth leadership training, exposure experiences, etc.
  • Amanda Jones: Networking for Youth Housing

    1. 1. Amanda Jones Networking for Youth Housing
    2. 2. Amanda M. Jones WTF? Youth Homelessness in DC The following slides belie my supernerd tendencies and anal retentive personality.
    3. 3. Youth Homelessness: The Issues • Estimates of homeless youth in the US vary widely –1.35M to 2M+ (Institute for Children and Poverty, 2008; National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2009) • Defining & tracking homeless youth is very difficult (Robertson, 2004; Comey, Smith, & Tatian, 2009)
    4. 4. Youth Homelessness: The Issues • Homeless youth are transient and tend to hide their status (Robertson, 2004) • High level of stigma associated with homeless youth (Karabanow, 2004) • Also a lack of information regarding program efficacy (R. Hooks-Wayman, personal communication, November 3, 2009)
    5. 5. Youth Homelessness: The Issues • Causes (van der Ploeg, and Scholte, 1997; Robertson, 2004; Arnett, 2004, 2006) –Coming out/being outed as LGBTQ –Family economic instability –Abuse: physical, sexual, neglect –Release from foster care, juvenile justice systems –Older youth: personal economic instability
    6. 6. Youth Homelessness: The Issues • Some problems experienced –Interrupted education (Toro, Dwarsky, and Fowler, 2007) –Poor financial outlook (Cheeseman Day, J. & Newburger, E.C., 2002) –Assault, human trafficking, HIV, teen pregnancy (Robertson, 2004) –Criminal activity (van der Ploeg and Scholte, 1997)
    7. 7. WHEW!
    8. 8. Where Are DC’s Homeless Youth?
    9. 9. NUMB3RSTM = 2,494 = 2,879* = 113 = 903*
    10. 10. Here are some MORE slides that belie my supernerd tendencies and anal retentive personality.
    11. 11. What’s A City To Do? • Early Runners – Most return home quickly – Low intensity • Tactics – Prevention & Early Intervention – Group Decision Making – Community Outreach in Schools
    12. 12. What’s A City To Do? • Same as Early Runners • Intensive Case Management • Family/Youth Triage • Family Foster Care (Younger Youth) • Transitional Living (Older Youth)
    13. 13. What’s A City To Do? • Street Dependent – Navigate various settings: railways, squatting, parks, etc – High intensity • Tactics – Street Outreach & Relationship Building – Short-term Financial Assistance – Permanent Supportive Housing
    14. 14. Who’s Doing It • Sasha Bruce Youthwork* –www.sashabruce.org • Covenant House* –www.covenanthousedc.org • Latin American Youth Center –www.layc-dc.org • Wanda Alston House –www.theincdc.org
    15. 15. The Service Provider Collaborative
    16. 16. Once we have housing…
    17. 17. • @VisionSpeaks -> me • @OutTheBoat -> my org • Amanda@OutTheBoat.org • www.OutTheBoat.org • Yes, I know “Out The Boat” is bad grammar • I want you to help anyway

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