Croatian language

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Croatian language

  1. 1. LANGUAGES IN CROATIA
  2. 2. Official language The official language in Croatia is Croatian Official languages in Istria is Croatian and Italian Croatian is native language to 96% of population Croatian dictionary Croatian and Italian language in Istria
  3. 3. Other languages in Croatia  Languages of immigrants:  Albanian  Romanian  Bosnian  Russian  Bulgarian  Slovak  Czech  Slovenian  Hebrew  Serbian  Hungarian  Italian  Macedonian  Turkish  German  Ukrainian  Polish  etc.
  4. 4. Dialects There are three dialects in Croatian language:  Shtokavian  Chakavian  Kajkavian Standard and literary Croatian is based on the central dialect, Shtokavian
  5. 5. History of Croatian languageBaška tablet , Island Krk Glagolitic Missal of Duke ca. 1100 Novak, 1368 Vatican Croatian Prayer Book, ca. 1400
  6. 6. Hrvojes Missal, The Vinodol Codex, A page from the1404 1288 "Istrian land survey" of 1526
  7. 7. Croatian grammar Ten kinds of  Seven cases:  Seven words:  Nominative tenses:  Nouns  Accusative  The Past  Verbs  Genitive  Perfect  Adjectives  Aorist  Dative  Imperfect  Pronouns  Locative  Pluperfect  Numerals  Instrumental  The Present  Adverbs  Vocative  Present  Prepositions  The Future  Conjunctions  Future I  Particles  Future II
  8. 8. Croatian alphabet 30 letters The Croatian Latin was mostly designed by Ljudevit Gaj Linguists deal with alphabet area and study spelling Croatian linguist and reformer Croatian alphabet Ljudevit Gaj
  9. 9. Foreign words from the:  more recently a major  Latin blow to the Croatian  German language is by English  Italian (“frend”, “shopping”,  Russian “huligan” etc.)  Hungarian  some foreign words are  Turkish “bistro”, “baština”,  Czech “alkohol”, “alat”, “kula”,  French “jorgan” etc.
  10. 10. Croatian literature periods in the literature:  compilation of  Medieval period novels, dramas,  Renaissance short stories and  Baroque poems  Classicism and Enlightenment  Romanticism  Protorealism  Realism  Modernism Month of Croatian book  20th century
  11. 11. Interesting facts The longest word in Croatian language is “prijestolonasljednikovica”. Its longest form is “prijestolonasljednikovičičinima” The shortest words are a (and, but), u (in), i (and), o (about), k (to), s (with) Croatian is ranked 95th by the number of speakers About 7 million people speak Croatian Science that deals with the Croatian language is called the Croatistics
  12. 12. Authors: Katarina Krešo Nikolina Novaković 8.d

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