Official language The official language in Croatia is Croatian Official languages in Istria is Croatian and Italian Croatian is native language to 96% of population Croatian dictionary Croatian and Italian language in Istria
Other languages in Croatia Languages of immigrants: Albanian Romanian Bosnian Russian Bulgarian Slovak Czech Slovenian Hebrew Serbian Hungarian Italian Macedonian Turkish German Ukrainian Polish etc.
Dialects There are three dialects in Croatian language: Shtokavian Chakavian Kajkavian Standard and literary Croatian is based on the central dialect, Shtokavian
History of Croatian languageBaška tablet , Island Krk Glagolitic Missal of Duke ca. 1100 Novak, 1368 Vatican Croatian Prayer Book, ca. 1400
Hrvojes Missal, The Vinodol Codex, A page from the1404 1288 "Istrian land survey" of 1526
Croatian grammar Ten kinds of Seven cases: Seven words: Nominative tenses: Nouns Accusative The Past Verbs Genitive Perfect Adjectives Aorist Dative Imperfect Pronouns Locative Pluperfect Numerals Instrumental The Present Adverbs Vocative Present Prepositions The Future Conjunctions Future I Particles Future II
Croatian alphabet 30 letters The Croatian Latin was mostly designed by Ljudevit Gaj Linguists deal with alphabet area and study spelling Croatian linguist and reformer Croatian alphabet Ljudevit Gaj
Foreign words from the: more recently a major Latin blow to the Croatian German language is by English Italian (“frend”, “shopping”, Russian “huligan” etc.) Hungarian some foreign words are Turkish “bistro”, “baština”, Czech “alkohol”, “alat”, “kula”, French “jorgan” etc.
Croatian literature periods in the literature: compilation of Medieval period novels, dramas, Renaissance short stories and Baroque poems Classicism and Enlightenment Romanticism Protorealism Realism Modernism Month of Croatian book 20th century
Interesting facts The longest word in Croatian language is “prijestolonasljednikovica”. Its longest form is “prijestolonasljednikovičičinima” The shortest words are a (and, but), u (in), i (and), o (about), k (to), s (with) Croatian is ranked 95th by the number of speakers About 7 million people speak Croatian Science that deals with the Croatian language is called the Croatistics
Authors: Katarina Krešo Nikolina Novaković 8.d