Qualitative Research

Nina Bitskinashvili
2014, PhD
Outline
1.

What is qualitative research?

2. What can we learn from qualitative research?
3.

What are some qualitative r...
1. What is qualitative research?

• Qualitative research is a type of scientific research.
• In general terms, scientific ...
1. What is qualitative research?

• These are also the characteristics of Qualitative Research:
1. Seeks answers to a ques...
1. What is qualitative research?

• It is used to describe behaviors, actions, feelings,
perceptions, and interaction amon...
1. What is qualitative research?

• It seeks to understand a given research problem or
topic from the perspectives of the ...
2. What can we learn from qualitative
research?

• The strength of qualitative research is its ability to

provide complex...
2. What can we learn from qualitative
research?

• When used along with quantitative methods, qualitative
research can hel...
2. What can we learn from qualitative
research?

• Although findings from qualitative data can often be
extended to people...
3. What are some qualitative research
methods?

• There are three most common qualitative methods
and each method is parti...
3. What are some qualitative research
methods?

• Participant observation is appropriate for
collecting data on naturally ...
3. What are some qualitative research
methods?

• In-depth interviews are optimal for collecting data on
individuals’ pers...
3. What are some qualitative research methods?

• Focus groups are effective in eliciting data on the
cultural norms of a ...
4. What forms do qualitative data take?

• The types of data these three methods generate are
1. Field notes
2.Audio (and ...
1. The qualitative research proposal...









defines area of study
identifies setting or context of study
specif...
Qualitative methods...
historical research  grounded theory
 ethnology
 phenomenology
 action research
 case study



historical research
…studies available data to study,
understand, and interpret past events


case study
…examines the characteristics of a
particular entity, phenomenon, or
person


ethology
…compares the origins, characteristics,
and culture of different societies


grounded theory
…investigates how inductively-derived
theory about phenomenon is grounded
in the data of a particular s...


phenomenology
…considers how the experience of
particular participants exhibits a
unique perspective


action research
…teacher-initiated, school-based
research used to improve the
practitioner’s practice by doing or
chang...
E N D
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Qualitative research

  1. 1. Qualitative Research Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  2. 2. Outline 1. What is qualitative research? 2. What can we learn from qualitative research? 3. What are some qualitative research methods? 4. What forms do qualitative data take? 5. What type of qualitative research do we know? Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  3. 3. 1. What is qualitative research? • Qualitative research is a type of scientific research. • In general terms, scientific research consists of an investigation that: - Seeks answers to a question - Systematically uses a predefined set of procedures to answer the question - Collects evidence - Produces findings that were not determined in advance - Produces findings that are applicable beyond the immediate boundaries of the study Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  4. 4. 1. What is qualitative research? • These are also the characteristics of Qualitative Research: 1. Seeks answers to a question 2. Systematically uses a predefined set of procedures to answer the question 3. Collects evidence 4. Produces findings that were not determined in advance 5. Produces findings that are applicable beyond the immediate boundaries of the study Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  5. 5. 1. What is qualitative research? • It is used to describe behaviors, actions, feelings, perceptions, and interaction among people. • Assume that respondents or people observed have unique views of their personal experiences or the surrounding environment. • It helps us understand lifestyles and cultural values, actions, and symbols. Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  6. 6. 1. What is qualitative research? • It seeks to understand a given research problem or topic from the perspectives of the local population it involves. • Qualitative research is especially effective in obtaining culturally specific information about the values, opinions, behaviors, and social contexts of particular populations. Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  7. 7. 2. What can we learn from qualitative research? • The strength of qualitative research is its ability to provide complex textual descriptions of how people experience a given research issue. • It provides information about the “human” side of an issue – that is, the often contradictory behaviors, beliefs, opinions, emotions, and relationships of individuals. Qualitative methods are also effective in identifying intangible factors, such as social norms, socioeconomic status, gender roles, ethnicity, and religion, whose role in the research issue may not be readily apparent
  8. 8. 2. What can we learn from qualitative research? • When used along with quantitative methods, qualitative research can help us to interpret and better understand the complex reality of a given situation and the implications of quantitative data
  9. 9. 2. What can we learn from qualitative research? • Although findings from qualitative data can often be extended to people with characteristics similar to those in the study population, gaining a rich and complex understanding of a specific social context or phenomenon typically takes precedence over eliciting data that can be generalized to other geographical areas or populations. In this sense, qualitative research differs slightly from scientific research in general. Nina Bitskinashvili 2014, PhD
  10. 10. 3. What are some qualitative research methods? • There are three most common qualitative methods and each method is particularly suited for obtaining a specific type of data. 1. Participant observation 2.In-depth interviews 3. Focus groups
  11. 11. 3. What are some qualitative research methods? • Participant observation is appropriate for collecting data on naturally occurring behaviors in their usual contexts.
  12. 12. 3. What are some qualitative research methods? • In-depth interviews are optimal for collecting data on individuals’ personal histories, perspectives, and experiences, particularly when sensitive topics are being explored
  13. 13. 3. What are some qualitative research methods? • Focus groups are effective in eliciting data on the cultural norms of a group and in generating broad overviews of issues of concern to the cultural groups or subgroups represented
  14. 14. 4. What forms do qualitative data take? • The types of data these three methods generate are 1. Field notes 2.Audio (and sometimes video) recordings 3. Transcripts
  15. 15. 1. The qualitative research proposal...       defines area of study identifies setting or context of study specifies the kinds of data to be collected describes methods to be used provides the researcher’s rationale for undertaking the study identifies the study’s potential contribution(s)
  16. 16. Qualitative methods... historical research  grounded theory  ethnology  phenomenology  action research  case study 
  17. 17.  historical research …studies available data to study, understand, and interpret past events
  18. 18.  case study …examines the characteristics of a particular entity, phenomenon, or person
  19. 19.  ethology …compares the origins, characteristics, and culture of different societies
  20. 20.  grounded theory …investigates how inductively-derived theory about phenomenon is grounded in the data of a particular setting
  21. 21.  phenomenology …considers how the experience of particular participants exhibits a unique perspective
  22. 22.  action research …teacher-initiated, school-based research used to improve the practitioner’s practice by doing or changing something
  23. 23. E N D Thanks!

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