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Behavior pp

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Transcript

  • 1. Behavior therapy
    Martha Solis
  • 2. What is behavior therapy?
    Psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
  • 3. Early pioneers
    B.F. SKINNER
    • Operant conditioning
    IVAN PAVLOV
    • Classical conditioning
  • Philosophy & basic assumptions
    Behavior is product of learning (we are product and producer of our environment)
    Current determinants of behavior
    Learning experiences
    Assessment and evaluation
  • 4. Therapeutic goals
    Establish goals at outset of treatment (concrete, specific, measurable)
    Goals increase personal choice and to create new conditions to learning
    Aim is to eliminate maladaptive behaviors and learn effective behavior patterns
    Client-therapist collaboration in treatment goals
  • 5. Techniques & procedures
    Assertiveness training
    Allows the individual to express their feelings, opinions and needs in a respectful and effective
    Systematic desensitization
    With the appropriate relaxation skills, the individual will learn how to react and overcome situations in a hierarchy of fears –can use virtual reality
    Relaxation methods
    Helps the individual new and productive ways of dealing with stress
  • 6. Techniques & procedure
    Flooding
    Allows the individual to express their feelings, opinions and needs in a respectful and effective
    Multimodal therapy
    Basic ID modalities are used in order to present specific interventions for each problem experienced
    In vivo desensitization
    Similar to systematic desensitization, but the individual practices the technique in “real life”
  • 7. Application
    Phobias
    Depression
    Anxiety
    Sexual
    Substance abuse
    Eating disorders
    Pain managaement
    Hypertension
    Children’s disorders
  • 8. Contributions
    Short-tem approach
    Emphasizes research into and assessment of techniques
    Accountability
    Problems are identifies and attacked
    Clients are informed about the therapeutic process
    Therapist is reinforcer, consultant, model, teacher, and expert in behavioral change
    Integrated with diverse clientele
  • 9. Limitations
    (In)Ability to control environment such as institutional settings
    Imposition of conforming behaviors
    Client manipulation
    Not address broader human problems (meaning and purpose)
    Specific and narrow