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Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
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Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees

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Slides for the paper, http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1034/SolankiAndBrewster_COLD2013.pdf presented at COLD2013,/SWC2013

Slides for the paper, http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1034/SolankiAndBrewster_COLD2013.pdf presented at COLD2013,/SWC2013

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  • 1. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees http://windermere.aston.ac.uk/~monika/papers/SolankiAndBrewster_COLD2013.pdf Monika Solanki and Christopher Brewster Aston Business School Aston University, Birmingham, UK m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 2. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Motivation: Visibility in Supply Chains m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 3. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Motivation Visibility* “Visibility is the ability to know exactly where things are at any point in time, or where they have been, and why”. Critical to achieving visibility in the end-to-end supply chain is collaboration between trading partners. Successful collaboration largely depends on the ease and timeliness with which real-time process and product knowledge can be shared between trading partners and utilised in decision making. *http://www.gs1.org/docs/GS1_SupplyChainVisibility_ WhitePaper.pdf m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 4. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Motivation Existing mechanisms for sharing data and information along supply chains are highly restricted and extremely complex. There is a lack of information models that facilitate the exchange of end-to-end supply chain product and process knowledge. There is a very conservative “need-to-know” attitude such that essentially information flows only “one-up, one down”. Information and knowledge need to be interlinked, shared and made available consistently along the supply chains not least for regulatory reasons but also due to increasing consumer demands of being able to track and trace commodities. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 5. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Motivation Supply chain domains where data interlinking and sharing issues are most prevalent: The Agri-food and The Healthcare sector. Agri-food supply chains, Tracking and tracing of foods in the context of health and safety: prevent and respond to food emergencies (mad cow disease, and most recently E. Coli). Growing desire on the part of food consumers to know more about their food. Healthcare Capture and document the chain of custody and the chain of ownership of a pharmaceutical product as it moves through the supply chain. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 6. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Outline Linked Pedigrees Reference Architecture Linked Pedigree Communication Protocol Exemplifying Linked Pedigrees Conclusions m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 7. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Background: Pedigrees Most widely prevalent in the pharmaceutical industry. Pedigree(e-pedigree) is an audit trail that records the path and ownership of a drug as it moves through the supply chain. Each stakeholder involved in the manufacture or distribution of the drug adds information to the pedigree. The Pedigree standard* provides an XML schema for the description of the life history of a product. “Event based Pedigree”: utilises EPCglobal’s EPCIS specification for capturing events in the supply chain and generating pedigrees based on a relevant subset of the captured events. * http://www.gs1.org/gsmp/kc/epcglobal/pedigree m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 8. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Linked Pedigrees Datasets described and accessed using linked data principles. Encapsulate the knowledge required to trace and track products in supply chains on a Web scale. Facilitate the interlinking of a variety of related and relevant data, i.e., product master data with event data. Based on a domain independent data model for the sharing of knowledge among Semantic Web/Linked data aware systems deployed for the tracking, tracing and data capture. Product knowledge shared among partners as products physically flow downstream or upstream in the supply chain. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 9. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Knowledge Encapsulation in Linked Pedigrees Direct linkages in the linked pedigree generated by each supply chain trading partner URIs for product master data: product identifiers, sensor based product related information, e.g., storage conditions. transaction data: invoices, order numbers, quantity. consignment information: logistics, receiver, shipper, location Data interpretation rules if any. URIs for the pedigree datasets from the stakeholders in the immediate upstream or downstream of the supply chain. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 10. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney OntoPedigree: A CO design pattern Competency questions: Who is the creator of the pedigree ? What is the supply chain creation status of a given pedigree? Which are the business transactions recorded against a particular consignment? Which products have been shipped together? Which other pedigrees are included in the received pedigree? m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 11. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney OntoPedigree: A CO design pattern m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 12. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Event based Linked Pedigrees EPC*: Electronic Product Code A universal identifier encoded on data carriers that gives a unique, serialised identity to a specific physical object. EPCIS*: Electronic Product Code Information Services A ratified(2007) EPCglobal standard for sharing EPC related information between trading partners in a supply chain. LinkedEPCIS*: an open source Java API and a reference implementation for capturing, storing and querying EPCIS events. *http://www.gs1.org/sites/default/files/docs/tds/tds_1_7-Std.pdf *http://www.gs1.org/gsmp/kc/epcglobal/epcis *http://code.google.com/p/linked-epcis/ *http://windermere.aston.ac.uk/~monika/papers/SolankiDeRiVE2013.pdf m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 13. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Generating Linked Pedigrees event URIs Events incorporated in pedigree creation commissioning: uniquely identifying products shipping: associating products with orders receiving: associating received products with orders Pedigree Component Product information Linking relationship hasProductInfo Consignment information hasConsignmentInfo Transaction information hasTransactionInfo m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Resource identifier Product data URIs Serialised product data URIs Commissioning events Object event/Aggregation event URIs Shipping events Transaction event URIs Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 14. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Reference Architecture An open, scalable and decentralised architecture. Every actor in the supply chain manages its own datastore. Linked pedigrees obtained via a pull model. Shared data models, vocabularies, Web based and mobile application components are provided as cloud based services. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 15. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Reference Architecture Agri-food supply chain m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 16. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Reference Architecture: Key Components Linked Pedigree Manager agent An integral component of every stakeholder participating in event based tracking and tracing. Interfaces between the EPCIS event store and external systems. RESTfully queries linked pedigrees from upstream/downstream stakeholders. Validates electronic information recorded on received physical goods against the query results. Generates the pedigree on the fly from the knowledge curated in the event data stores of the stakeholder, assigns it a URI and include outgoing links to external datasets. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 17. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Reference Architecture: Key Components Integrated Linked Pedigree Store Pedigree definitions include pedigree URIs from the upstream or downstream stakeholders. They can be sequentially traversed, to eventually construct an ordered chain of pedigrees. Access control restrictions mean that it may not be possible for stakeholders themselves to obtain complete information related to products and consignments from every other stakeholder. The integrated linked pedigree store provides a service that can facilitate the end-to-end dereferencing of linked pedigrees in the supply chain. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 18. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Linked Pedigree Communication Protocol m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 19. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Linked Pedigrees: Agri-food supply chains The tomato supply chain involves thousands of farmers, hundreds of traders and few retail groups m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 20. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Linked Pedigrees: Agri-food supply chains m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 21. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Agri-food supply chains Pedigree sent from Farmer to Trader ### http://fispace.aston.ac.uk/franzfarmer/pedigrees/ FranzTomatoFarmerPedigree123 fsc:FranzTomatoFarmerPedigree123 rdf:type ped:Pedigree; ped:hasSerialNumber "tomPed123"^^xsd:String; ped:hasStatus ped:Initial; ped:hasConsignmentInfo fci:FranzFarmerObjectEvent10, fci:FranzFarmerAggregationEvent6; ped:hasTransactionInfo fti:FranzFarmerShippingEvent12; ped:hasProductInfo ftp:FranzTomatoesMay2013Data. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 22. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Agri-food supply chains Pedigree sent from Trader to Distributor ### http://fispace.aston.ac.uk/joetrader/ pedigrees/JoeTomatoTraderPedigree456 jsc:JoeTomatoTraderPedigree456 rdf:type ped:Pedigree ped:hasSerialNumber "joeTradePed456"^^xsd:String; ped:hasStatus ped:Intermediate; ped:hasConsignmentInfo jci:JoeTraderObjectEvent20, jci:JoeTraderObjectEvent30; ped:hasTransactionInfo jti:JoeTraderTransactionEvent40; ped:hasProductInfo jpi:JoeTradesMay2013Info. ped:hasReceivedPedigree fsc:FranzTomatoFarmerPedigree123, bsc:BobTomatoFarmerPedigree123. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 23. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Conclusions Data visibility (tracking and tracing) in supply chains has received considerable attention in recent years. Semantic Web standards, ontologies and linked data can be utilised to curate and represent real time supply chain knowledge via “linked pedigrees”. “OntoPedigree” a CO design pattern provides a minimalistic abstraction for designing domain specific pedigree ontologies. The reference architecture and the linked pedigree communication protocol exemplify pedigree exchange between supply chain partners. The proposed approach is domain independent and can be widely applied to most scenarios of traceability. m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees
  • 24. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, Sydney Future? m.solanki@aston.ac.uk Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees

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