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Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
Quasi turbine engine
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Quasi turbine engine

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SACHIN CYBER CAFE …

SACHIN CYBER CAFE

9420191513 mechanical

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 INTRODUCTION The Saint - Hilaire family first patented the Quasi turbine combustion engine in 1996. The Quasi turbine concept resulted from research that began with an intense evaluation of all engine concepts to note advantageous, disadvantageous and opportunities for improvement. During this exploratory process, the Saint – Hilaire team came to realize that a unique engine solution would be one that made improvements to the standard Wankel or rotary engine. Like rotary engines, the Quasi turbine engine is based on a rotor- and-housing design. But instead of three blades, the Quasi turbine rotor has four elements chained together, with combustion chambers located between each element and the walls of the housing. Quasi turbine is a zero vibration continuous combustion rotary engine having four faces articulated rotor with a free and accessible centre rotating without vibration nor dead time and producing a strong torque at low rpm under a variety of modes and fuels. The quasi turbine is also an optimization theory for extremely compact efficient engine concept. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 2. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 OBJECTIVES OF QUASI TURBINE  Object of this invention is to provide new engine concept unifying the compressor and power turbine into one entity that is a conventional gas turbine engine. Another object of this invention is to provide a low noise, perfectly balanced, zero vibration, low r.p.m engine, giving less time to compression and expansion stroke and allowing more time and volume to the intake combustion stroke.  A further object of this invention is to provide a fast accelerating, zero dead time and to provide an engine almost universal to energy sources, which can run efficiently on pneumatic, steam, hydraulic, liquid and gas fuel internal combustion.  Another object is to provide an engine, which has a short pressure peak, cold intake area characteristics, so that it is suitable for photo detonation mode pure hydrogen fuel combustion N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 3. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS The invention is an assembly of four carriages supporting the pivots of a four element, variable shape rotor, which is confined within a chamber (internal housing counter wallstator) based on the shape of a Saint Hilaire skating rink profile. This profile offers the rotary components of the engine a bigger, more uniform radial path, enabling maximum torque to be reached more efficiently than a normal combustion. Two lateral plane covers close the engine end. The rotor is composed of four pivoting blades playing a similar role as the piston or turbine blades. Each pivots sit into one of the four rocking carriages. Each carriage is free to rotate around the same pivot in such a way as to be continuously and precisely in contact with housing counter. A central shaft is not needed for the engine to operate. It can be driven through a set of coupling arms attached to the blades by means of traction slots and through a set of arm braces, the ends of which are linked to central shaft. The central shaft unit can be easily removed through the back cover central hold without dismantling the engine N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 4. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 WORKING The Simple Quasi turbine Engine The simpler Quasi turbine model looks very much like a traditional rotary engine: A rotor turns inside a nearly oval-shaped housing. Notice, however, that the Quasi turbine rotor has four elements instead of three. The sides of the rotor seal against the sides of the housing, and the corners of the rotor seal against the inner periphery, dividing it into four chambers. In a piston engine, one complete four-stroke cycle produces two complete revolutions of the crankshaft that means the power output of a piston engine is half a power stroke per one piston revolution. A Quasi turbine engine, on the other hand, doesn't need pistons. Instead, the four strokes of a typical piston engine are arranged sequentially around the oval housing. There's no need for the crankshaft to perform the rotary conversion. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 5. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Intake : which draws in a mixture of fuel and air Compression :which squeezes the fuel-air mixture into a smaller volume Combustion :which uses a spark from a spark plug to ignite the fuel Exhaust :which expels waste gases (the byproducts of combustion) from the engine compartment Quasi turbine engines with carriages work on the same basic idea as this simple design, with added design modifications that allow for photo-detonation. Photo-detonation is a superior combustion mode that requires more compression and greater sturdiness than piston or rotary engines can provide. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 6. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Quasi turbine with Carriages The main Components of this engine is described below. The housing (stator), which is a near oval known as the "Saint-Hilaire skating rink," forms the cavity in which the rotor rotates. The housing contains four ports:  A port where the spark plugs normally sits.  A port that is closed with a removable plug.  A port for the intake of air.  An exhaust port used to release the waste gases of combustion. The housing is enclosed on each side by two covers. The covers have three ports of their own, allowing for maximum flexibility in how the engine is configured. For example, one port can serve as an intake from a conventional carburetor or be fitted with a gas or diesel injector, while another can serve as an alternate location for a spark plug. One of the three ports is a large outlet for exhaust gasses. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 7. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 The rotor, made of four blades, replaces the pistons of a typical internal combustion engine. Each blade has a filler tip and traction slots to receive the coupling arms. A pivot forms the end of each blade. The job of the pivot is to join one blade to the next and to form a connection between the blade and the rocking carriages. There are four rocking carriages total, one for each blade. Each carriage is free to rotate around the same pivot so that it remains in contact with the inner wall of the housing at all times. Each carriage works closely with two wheels, which means there are eight wheels altogether. The wheels enable the rotor to roll smoothly on the contoured surface of the housing wall and are made wide to reduce pressure at the point of contact. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 8. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 The Quasi turbine engine doesn't need a central shaft to operate; but of course, a car requires an output shaft to transfer power from the engine to the wheels. The output shaft is connected to the rotor by two coupling arms, which fit into traction slots, and four arm braces. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 9. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Operation of Quasi turbine with Carriages In the Quasi turbine engine, the four strokes of a typical piston Engines are arranged sequentially around the oval housing. The housing surrounds a four-sided articulated rotor, which turns and moves with in the housing. The sides of the rotor seal against the sides of the housing and the corners of the rotor seal against the inner periphery, dividing it in to four chambers. As the rotor blade turns, the volume of the chambers changes. First the volume increases, which allows the fuel – air mixture to expand. Then the volume decreases, which compresses the mixture in to a smaller space. Before the end of the compression the fuel – air mixture is burned by spark plug. Thus power is produced. One combustion stroke is ending right when the next combustion stroke is ready to fire. By making a small channel along the internal housing wall next to the spark plug, a small amount of hot gas is allowed to flow back to the next ready-to-fire combustion chamber when each of the carriage seals passes over the channel. The result is continuous combustion. The four chambers produce two consecutive circuits. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 10. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Advantageous: 1. Simplicity and small size. 2. Zero vibration because the engine is perfectly balanced. 3. Faster acceleration without a flywheel. 4. Higher torque at lower rpm. 5. Nearly oil free operation. 6. Less Noise 7. Complete flexibility to operate completely submerged or in any orientation even upside down. 8. Fewer moving parts for less wear and tear. Disadvantageous The design of Quasi turbine engine is typically built of aluminum and cast iron, which expand and contract by different degrees when exposed to heat leading to some incidence of leakage. The Quasi turbine engine is still in its infancy. The engine is not used in any real world application. It is still in its prototype phase. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 11. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Conclusion In the future, however, you will likely see the Quasi turbine used in more than just your car. Because the central engine area is voluminous and requires no central shaft, it can accommodate generators, propellers and other output devices, making it an ideal engine to power chain saws, powered parachutes, snowmobiles, air compressors, ship propulsion systems and electric power plants. Reference www.Quasi turbine.com www.howstuffworks.com www.google.com www.answers.com www.wikipedia.org N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR
  • 12. QUASI TURBINE ENGINE 2013-14 Abstract The Quasi turbine turbo-machine is a pressure driven, continuous torque and symmetrically deformable spinning wheel. Excluding conventional turbines, the next step in the world of engine research is to make the gas engines as efficient as the diesel engines and the diesel engines as clean (or better) as the gas engines. Turbine characteristics help achieving this goal. The Quasi turbine is a new engine technology that was conceived in early 1990 and patented in 1996 and later. The Quasi turbine is inspired by the turbine, perfects the piston and improves upon the Wankel engine. Efficient and compact, the Quasi- turbine is also an engine concept optimization theory based on « volume pulse shaping » at design. While current technologies adapt combustion processes to engine design, the Quasi turbine theory tends to adapt the engine design to combustion processes. It is a non-eccentric crankshaft, true rotary engine (no piston like movement), that uses a 4 face articulated rotor with a free and accessible center, rotating without vibration nor propulsive dead time and producing a strong torque at low RPM under a variety of modes and fuels. The Quasi turbine goes along the best modern engine development strategy, which is to get as many ignitions as possible per minute, with a mechanical device rotating as slowly as possible. Quasi turbine is a zero vibration continuous combustion rotary engine having four faces articulated rotor with a free and accessible centre rotating without vibration nor dead time and producing a strong torque at low rpm under a variety of modes and fuels. The quasi turbine is also an optimization theory for extremely compact efficient engine concept. N.P.T.N. ACHALPUR

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