Disaster Management Submitted to Submitted byMrs.P.Gupta Nilesh Akela
What is a DISASTER ?• A disaster is a natural or manmade event which results in widespread human loss, loss of livelihood, property and life.
Components of Disaster Management1. Preparedness2. Response3. Recovery4. Prevention
Disaster Preparedness• It involves measures to ensure that communities and services are capable of coping with the effect of disaster.
EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS1. Community awareness and education2. Proper warning system3. Mutual aid arrangement4. Mock drill, training practice
Disaster ResponseIt involves measures taken inanticipation of, during andimmediately after a disasterto ensure that the effects areminimized.
EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RESPONSE1. Implementing the disaster management plan2. Setting up medical camps and mobilizing resources3. Providing adequate shelter and sanitary facilities4. Development of search and rescue team
Disaster RecoveryIt involves measures, which support emergencyaffected areas in reconstruction of the physicalinfrastructure and restoration of economic andemotional well being.
EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RECOVERY1. Counseling programme for those who lost the near ones2. Restoring services like roads, communication link3. Providing financial support employment4. Reconstructing damaged buildings
Prevention and Mitigation• It involves measures to eliminate or reduce the incidence of severity of disasters.
EXAMPLE FOR PREVENTION AND MITIGATION1. Preventing habitation in risk zones2. Disaster resistant buildings
PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT• Minimize casualties• Prevent further casualties• Rescue the victims• First aid• Evacuate• Medical care• Reconstruction