Govindji Temple Conservation Project
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Govindji Temple Conservation Project

on

  • 486 views

Conservation project in Manipur, India.

Conservation project in Manipur, India.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
486
Views on SlideShare
486
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Govindji Temple Conservation Project Govindji Temple Conservation Project Presentation Transcript

  • NIL-C02-A13-384 REINSTATING THE GLORY OF TERRACOTTA: SRI GOVINDJI TEMPLE AT KANGLA FORT, MANIPUR, INDIA  The temple was built in 1846 AD during the reign of Maharaja Nara Singha.  This composite structure was made of Brick, Terracotta Teak wood. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 1
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 LOCATION CULTURAL AND HERITAGE VALUE: Terracotta brick vernacular architecture of Bengal and Manipur, bear testimony to the varied and ancient traditions of terracotta that have flourished in India over five millennia. Eastern India has experienced a vast array of the art of Terracotta in forms of temples & ornamentations that have withstood the test of time. With the vagaries of nature and decay over ages, these temples are in need of immediate preservation and maintenance. Stone was rare in these areas. Being composed of small units, use of bricks gave higher flexibility and greater constructional possibility in these seismic prone regions. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 2
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE DAMGED TEMPLE WHY THE CONSERVATION WAS NEEDED ? •The conservation revitalized a decaying landmark of terracotta craftsmanship and terracotta brick architecture. •It was a protective step towards the cultural resource of Manipur and its History. •It promoted the Socio-religious values. •The adaptive reconstruction / conservation helped to spread the traditional art of terracotta not only amongst the workers involved with the project but also amongst the general mass. VEGETAL GROWTH Excessive rainfall caused vegetation growth which led to cracks and dislodged the masonry. Damage due to salt petere and dampness in masonry structure. THREE SUCCESIVE EARTHQUAKES •Collapsing of main ceiling and partial collapsing of sidewall. •Settlement problem in foundation part. •Action of soluble salts like chlorides, sulphides, nitrates etc . Conceptual exploded view of the temple ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 3
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 RECONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS OF SHRI GOVINDJI TEMPLE FRONT ELEVATION SIDE (SOUTH) ELEVATION GROUND FLOOR PLAN BACK (WEST SIDE) ELEVATION      SECTION THROUGH XX’ The plan of the temple is square. It stands on Raised Jagati (platform) The Bhitti (plinth) is also raised, straight up to the Cornice The ceiling was made of terracotta ROOF PLAN Rafters made of Teak Wood supported the roof above the corridor (Pradakshina) ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 4
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 OBJECTIVES The side wall had fallen partially owing to the damaged caused by neglect as well as earthquake. 1. The main ceiling had collapsed. Picture showing the main vaulted ceiling before it collapsed (Taken from old records at site) Restoration using technologies for damage rehabilitation and traditional science of building construction. 2. Protect Cultural Resources 3. 4. 5. Restore and revitalize the building. Promote socio-religious values. Train local people in the traditional art of terracotta. Shri Govindji Temple after the vaulted ceiling collapsed. Training of local people in the traditional construction techniques. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 5
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 MAIN DAMAGES FACED BY THE STRUCTURE 1. THE ROOF COLLAPSED AFTER THREE SUCCESSIVE EARTHQUAKES EXPOSING THE STRUCTURE TO FURTHER WEATHERING HAZARD. INNER VIEW Pic: Shri Govindji Temple after the vaulted ceiling collapsed. Pic: Picture showing the Main vaulted ceiling before it collapsed. (Taken from old records at site) Inspired from the weaving pattern of traditional bamboo basket, the entire form of the vault was reconstructed with a grid of bamboo. Pic: The side wall had fallen partially owing to the damaged caused by neglect as well as earthquake. Bamboo grid and sparingly used steel have been camouflaged by a layer of lime Surkhi. Original roof was 40” thick throughout till the top. The new roof starts from 15” at the base and 6” at the top, reducing the load by 200 mt. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 6
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 4. CRACKS AND CREVICES DEVELOPED DUE TO EARTHQUAKE WAS FURTHER WEAKENED BY VEGETATION GROWTH. The glass “tell-tale” signs were put up over the existing cracks to study the threat of further deterioration and were found broken after 6 months. Vegetal growth was cleared from the superstructure and the walls were restored. Vegetation growth on the walls and around the super structure Cracks which were found going up to the foundation, that part of the structure was carefully dismantled, the foundation reset and the super structure remade. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 7
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 3. RISING DAMPNESS ON WALLS AND FLOORS LED TO FURTHER CRACKS AND DAMAGE. 5. TERRACOTTA IS SUBJECTED TO WATER INFILTRATION AND FREEZE THAW DAMAGE. Infiltration and Freeze-thaw damage to brick masonry Synthetic resins used as a protective coat. Granite slab inserted at plinth level to prevent the rising dampness through capillary action Rising dampness on the walls Detail of Plinth Protection Synthetic resins like silicon and epoxies were used as sealants to prevent further damage masonry to the from brick water infiltration and freeze thaw damage. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 8
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 2. WOODEN BEAMS AND RAFTERS WERE IN A STATE OF DECAY. The wooden rafters were restored. Completely damaged or missing rafters were replaced. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 9
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 6. STUCCO PLASTER OF EXTERNAL WALLS WERE DAMAGED. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation Vegetal growth was cleared from the stucco plaster, in certain cases where it was completely damaged, it was reconstructed. 10
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 7. MOST OF THE BALUSTERS AND PARAPETS WERE BROKEN WHILE SOME WERE MISSING, HAVING FALLEN AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE. ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation Broken or missing balusters and parapets were restored or reconstructed. 11
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS • 10’ wide trench was dug up around the temple. • A continuous band of corbelled masonry buttresses have been provided to strengthen the foundation against the lateral seismic force. • An additional plinth protection band of stone was provided around the structure at the ground level. 16 types of bricks were found to be used in the construction of Shri Govindji Temple Old bricks were dug out from the debris of the monument, sorted out and aired and dried in the sun. Brick bats were kept separately for crushing and making into Surkhi (brick dust). ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 12
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS 8. SALTPETERE DEPOSITS WERE FOUND THROUGHOUT THE MASONRY STRUCTURE Before Entrance steps that were completely damaged have been reconstructed as photographs taken records at site. Saltpetere deposit in the brick masonry Saltpetere removed disturbing bricks were carefully without the structure. Affected areas were treated and those which could be reused were inserted. Saltpetere cleared removed from external surface ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation After 13 per the from old
  • NIL-C02-A13-384 THE CONSERVATION PROCESS Traditional artisans were invited from rural Bengal to teach the local craftsmen the traditional terracotta art for the purpose of restoration. The process of restoring the exterior façade of Shri Govindji Temple The Restored Shri Govindji Temple given back to the community ARCHIDESIGN AWARDS FOR THE ARCASIA AWARDS 2013 ARCHITECTURE 2011/2012 CATEGORY D (CONSERVATION PROJECTS) CATEGORYC - Award For Architectural / Environmental Conservation 14 AFTER