Types of IronySocratic irony: a mask of innocence and ignorance adopted towin an argumentDramatic or tragic irony: a double vision of what is happening ina play or real-life situationLinguistic irony: duality of meaning
Cont...Structural irony: a quality that s built into texts, in whichnarrator point up deeper implications of a situationRomantic irony: in which writers conspire with readers toshare the double vision of what is happening in the plot of novel
Cosmic Irony in Hardy’s novel: Mode of philosophical expression features Person’s desire and Opposite outcome Person’s mismarriage e.g. Marriage of Eustesia and Clym, Firstmeeting of Angle with Tess
Irony in ‘The Mayor of Casterbridge’ Henchard discovering Elizabeth-Janes true parentage at such an inappropriate time. when Mrs. Goodenough only betrays Henchards past because Susan and Elizabeth-Jane remind her of it.