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Published in Education , News & Politics
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  • 2. WHAT SHOULD IT LOOK LIKE?  Enclose direct quotes in double quotation marks.  Provide the author information and specific page number enclosed in parenthesis at the end.  Any punctuation goes on the outside of the parenthesis.  Exception: Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage.
  • 3.  Quotations longer than four lines are set apart one inch from the left margin.  Do not place these larger quotes in quotation marks.  At the end of the quote the punctuation is actually placed before the parenthesis containing the citation information.
  • 4. GUIDE FOR IN-TEXT CITATIONS:  Remember! Everything you cite in your paper needs to mirror your works cited page.  Following a quotation or a paraphrase of something you obtained from an outside source you need to include the author’s last name and the page number on which you found the information in parenthesis at the end of the sentence.
  • 5. EXAMPLES  Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).  Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).  Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).
  • 6. HOW TO CITE SOMETHING WITHOUT AN AUTHOR:  Whatever appears first on the works cited page for that entry (usually the title of the source) is what needs to be cited in your paper.  “[Insert quotation]” (“title of the source”).
  • 7. EXAMPLE  We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).  How it appears on the Works Cited page:  "The Impact of Global Warming in North America." Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.
  • 8. HOW TO CITE A CITATION WITHIN A CITATION:  Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited in another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. in" to indicate the source you actually consulted  Example  Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" (qtd. in Weisman 259).
  • 9. HOW TO CITE FROM A FORWARD, INTRODUCTION, OF PREFACE  When citing an introduction, a preface, a foreword, or an afterword, write the name of the author(s) of the piece you are citing. Then give the name of the part being cited, which should not be italicized or enclosed in quotation marks.  Example  Duncan, Hugh Dalziel. Introduction. Permanence and Change: An Anatomy of Purpose. By Kenneth Burke. 1935. 3rd ed. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984. xiii- xliv. Print.