Discuss Mongol war tactics,
weapons, and conquest in the
The Mongols were a brilliant people. Their leader, Genghis Khan, led a very large,
powerful army. Genghis Khan wanted to expand his empire – and he knew he had the army
to do it!
The Mongolian army took great care in predicting their enemies
next move. Like a giant game of "Eye Spy," the Mongolian
army had great, big spy networks that allowed them to scope out
routes and knowledge of the enemy.
After the Mongolian army took time to get to know their enemies and their
lands, the Mongolian army coordinated grand attacks, the most famous of
which being the feigned retreat. During a feigned retreat, the army would let
the enemies believe they had won, only to turn and begin pursuing their enemy
JUST KIDDING – ATTACK!
The Mongols would have men on
horses posted throughout the land
in order to spread gained
information throughout the army.
To tie all of their military tactics together, the
Mongolian army had an extensive web of communication.
Think of the Mongolian communication system like modern
day telephone poles - stationed and ready to spread
Now that you
know how the
you need to
know what the
Do you think this is
what the soldiers
The most useful
was the horse. A
would have began
training with horses hunting and herding
them - at the age of
FUN FACT –
Horses are still a very
important aspect of
Mongolian culture. Every
year there is a “Festival oF
Composite bows were small and lightweight, mainly used
for hunting and warfare. This small, lightweight bow
allowed boys to practice while hunting before fighting in
battles. Composite bows were great for fighting while
The Mongolian army used three different
types of arrows, but they all shared a
single purpose - to be used in battle. Both
the iron head arrow and the v-shaped
arrow were used to hit the enemy while
the last type of arrow was made with holes
in it to be used as a warning signal.
Wealthy soldiers would
use a weapon called a
halberd. The halberd is
a double sided blade
atop a six foot pole.
Warriors used the
halberd to fight from a
horse - it was useful in
swinging at soldiers
who running towards
the horsed army.
All of the soldiers in the Mongolian army received the
Turko-Mongol sabre, a simple, one handed curved blade.
The Turko- Mongol sabre was ideal for both horseback
warfare and marching warfare.
Do you think YOU could ride a horse, man blade, and
pay attention to your fellow warriors?
Warriors of a lower class were given spears and
lances. Spears and lances were able to be
thrown yards away and could also be used for
impaling an enemy up close and personal.
While the Mongol saddle and chain mail were not technically
weapons, it was imperative that the Mongolian warriors had a saddle
and an armor. The saddled aided the warrior in horseback warfare
while the protective armor could protect any warrior at any time.
Hmmm, the Mongols appear to have a lot of similarities with a cowboy, but remember
that the Mongols were much, much more lethal than cowboys!
The Mongolian empire used their vast military expertise to conquer
a lot of land during the thirteenth century. Mongolian take over began in
northern China and eventually spread to central Asia.
While Mongolian expansion did not reach Europe fully, Mongolian
expansion did lead to the spread of ideas, cultures, and diseases between Asia
• All images either from Google Images or the clipart app provided by
• "Genghis Khan - Mongols."http://genghiskhan.fieldmuseum.org/. N.p..
Web. 2 Dec 2013.
• Wolfe, R.. N.p.. Web. 25 Nov 2013.
• May, T.. N.p.. Web. 25 Nov 2013.