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California  a history part 1

California a history part 1






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    California  a history part 1 California a history part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • California- A History Part 1 Nikki Buck History 141
    • Laws of the Indies: The Spanish Colonial Era -chapter 2
      • A desire to seek out new land
      • started with Columbus and the discovery of the pacific ocean
      • Spanish believed the ocean would lead to China and Japan (thought there they would find great treasures)
      • Spanish empire was under the laws of the Indies
        • church and state were to cooperate to establish colonies that promote the well being of colonists
    • Chapter 2…
      • The Jesuits
      • members of a male Catholic religious missionary order
      • known as “Gods Marines”
        • military background
        • willing to go anywhere and live in extreme conditions
      • also greatly know for their work in education by founding schools
    • Chapter 2…
      • Native Americans
      • did not take kindly to the missionaries
      • were forced from homelands and brought into mission system
      • treated like children and beaten
      • many tried to run away and died of shock from the displacement
      • some transitioned into farmers etc, but was not common
      • constant state of war existed between Native Americans and Spanish settlers
    • A Troubled Territory: Mexican California -chapter 3
      • Mexican Independence
      • 1821 achieved independence from Spain
      • sought to be a federal republic under United States
      • struggled because of a hostile republic and military dictatorship
      • tensions between residents and military officers
      • was unsuccessful in promoting settlement in California
    • Chapter 3…
      • The land grant rancho
      • more than 600 land grants made
      • extended across the hills of costal California and dominated the economy of Mexican California
      • large extended families lived on ranchos in great wealth
      • cruel side consisted of harsh treatment of Native American labor
    • Chapter 3…
      • Conquest of California
      • stared with idea of Manifest Destiny
        • idea that America was destined to expand across the North American continent
        • from sea to shining sea
      • John Charles Fremont
        • army commissioner who seized California
      • U.S. had already declared war on Mexico
      • Fremont became governor of California
      • established California flag with a star and grizzly bear
    • Striking it Rich: The Establishment of an American State -chapter 4
      • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
      • peace treaty that ended the Mexican-American war
      • Mexico ceded upper California and New Mexico
      • America paid $15 million for the land
      • also took over $3.25 million in debt Mexico owed America
      • treaty ensured safety of the existing property rights of Mexican citizens living in territories
    • Chapter 4…
      • The Gold Rush
      • gold was first found by James W. Marshall at Sutters Mill
      • gold rush brought 200,000 people to California
      • only 10% of them were women
      • rough life that was not all fun and exciting
      • 1 out of 12 miners lost their lives (diseases- Cholera #1)
      • murder rates also very high
    • Chapter 4…
      • Effects on Immigrants
      • laws and confiscatory taxes imposed to drive out foreigners
      • segregation towards Peruvians, Chileans, Sonorans, Mexicans
      • immigrant miners were rounded up, fined, beaten, and ran out of mines
      • many were hung and murdered on a daily biases
      • men, women, and children