Southeast Asia <ul><li>Mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Insular </li></ul>
Neolithic Period: Evidences of an Indigenous Cultures <ul><li>Human remains found in Hoabinh, Vietnam tell us that the Australoid-Veddoid people lived during this period. </li></ul><ul><li>They were hunters, fisherfolks and farmers of rootcrops. </li></ul>
Features of SEA Civilization <ul><li>Gamelan Orchestra </li></ul>
Early Empires in Mainland SEA Kingdom of Vietnam Kingdom of Funan, Chenla & Champa Angkor Empire Kingdom of Pagan Kingdom of Ayutthaya
Khmer or Angkor Empire (800 C.E. – 1400 C.E.) <ul><li>Most famous among the Southeast Asian empires that had adapted Indian influences. </li></ul>Angkor Wat – greatest temple of the Angkor civilization.
Bayon Temple at the heart of Angkor Thom was a magnificent structure .
Kingdom of Pagan <ul><li>It flourished in northern Burma. </li></ul><ul><li>Theravada Buddhism became an integral part of Burmese life. </li></ul>A Buddhist Temple in Myanmar
Kingdom of Ayutthaya <ul><li>It emerged in Siam or present day, Thailand. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist monuments and temples erected by Ayutthaya kings are still visible in Thailand today. </li></ul>Buddhist Novices in Thailand
Early Empires in Island Southeast Asia Empire of Srivijaya <ul><li>Kingdom of Srivijaya started in the 6 th century and lasted until 13 th century. It’s capital was Palembang, southeastern coast of Sumatra. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism became the dominant religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The power of Srivijaya was based on the ability to control the trade route, the Strait of Malacca. </li></ul>Strait of Malacca
Kingdom of Sailendras Borobudur – unique from other Buddhist temples, a holy mountain of more than 100 feet tall. The Borobudur is a Javanese monument.
The fall of Malacca at the hands of the Muslims signaled the beginning of the spread of Muslim influences in insular Southeast Asia. The Red Mosque in Malaysia A Muslim Family
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