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Maurya gupta empires

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  • 1. Maurya Empire
  • 2. Chandragupta Maurya 321 BCE-298 BCE
    • Unified northern India
    • Defeated the Persian general Seleucus .
    • Divided his empire into provinces, then districts for tax assessments and law enforcement.
  • 3.
    • He feared assassination  food tasters, slept in different rooms, etc.
    • 301 BCE  gave up his throne & became a Jain.
  • 4. The Maurya Empire 321 BCE – 185 BCE
  • 5. Asoka (304 – 232 BCE)
    • Religious conversion after the gruesome battle of Kalinga in 262 BCE.
    • Dedicated his life to Buddhism.
    • Built extensive roads.
  • 6.
    • Conflict  how to balance Kautilya’s methods of keeping power and Buddha’s demands to become a selfless person
  • 7. Asoka’s Empire
  • 8. Asoka’s law code
    • Edicts scattered in more than 30 places in India, Nepal, Pakistan, & Afghanistan.
    • Written mostly in Sanskrit, but one was in Greek and Aramaic.
  • 9.
    • 10 rock edicts.
    • Each pillar [ stupa ] is 40’-50’ high.
    • Buddhist principles dominate his laws.
  • 10. One of Asoka’s Stupas
  • 11. Turmoil & a power Vacuum: 220 BCE – 320 CE Tamils The Maurya Empire is divided into many kingdoms.
  • 12. Mauryan Buddhist Temple
  • 13.
    • The last Mauryan emperor was assasinated in 184 BC
    • A series of attacks brought northern India under foreign rule
    • - Greek kings ruled India
    • (183-130BC)
    • - Kushan rulers spread Buddhism (Mahayana and Hinayana) and traded with Rome