The Golden Age of India
Khyber Pass India’s history is a story of succeeding invasions of people through the passes.
The Ganges River River systems are important to Indian history.
- The Vedic Age (1500-900 BC) – derived from the word “vedas”, meaning knowledge .
- The Epic Age (900-500 BC) – literature was developed; two great epic poems were produced
- Longest & most complex of India’s epics
- offers an extensive study of the role of duty in human life
- Epic narrative of the triumph of good over evil
- traditionally attributed to the sage Valmiki
- Sita – exhibits the behavior of the model wife
Hanuman, the monkey god From Ramayana, he represents the ideal devotee, who serves his master with unquestioning loyalty and obedience.
Caste System Indo-Aryans developed a system of rigid social groups.
Hinduism had its beginnings in the Vedic Age. The early Indo-Aryans sacrificed animals to a number of gods. Three gods emerged as the most important: Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu.
Mauryan Buddhist Temple
Rebellion against caste and against the elitism of Vedic sacrifice led to the beginnings of the Buddhist and Jain religions in India.
- Trade & manufacturing flourished
- Gupta literature is famous for its fairytales and fables; ie, Panchatantra
Gupta rule launched a Golden Age.
- Mathematicians developed the Hindu-Arabic numerical system
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India was built by Shah Jahan in 1632 for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Mogul Contribution