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Non communicable diseases

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  • 1. … From GENETICS or LIFESTYLE
  • 2. RISK FACTORS OF NON_ COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
    • Unhealthy diet
    • Malnutrition
    • Obesity
    • Physical activity
    • Smoking
    • Alcohol
  • 3.
    • It is a disease of the heart and blood vessels.
    • This is the leading cause of mortality in the Philippines.
    CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 4.
    • Arteriosclerosis - condition that refers to the hardening or thickening of the arteries.
  • 5.
    • Coronary heart disease- occurs when coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked.
  • 6.
    • Heart attack- an injury to heart muscle caused by reduced blood supply.
  • 7.
    • Angina Pectoris - narrowing of coronary arteries due to heart getting inadequate quantity of oxygen resulting to chest pains.
  • 8.
    • Rheumatic fever- happens when the immune system attacks the heart.
  • 9.
    • Heart rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmia) - the condition when heart beat is not in rhythm.
  • 10.
    • Congestive heart failure - the heart is not able to pump blood causing liquid to accumulate in the lungs and other areas of the body.
  • 11.
    • Stroke- also known as “cerebrovascular accident”.
      • Occurs when blood vessels in the brain are broken or blocked .
  • 12.
    • A group of disease where in the cells divide in an uncontrolled phase.
    CANCER
  • 13.
    • Malignant- cancerous
      • It can infect and destroy nearby tissues and expand to other parts of the body which is known as metastasis.
  • 14.
      • Benign -not cancerous
        • May grow larger but do not spread to other parts of the body.
  • 15.
    • FOUR CATEGORIES OF CANCER
  • 16.
    • Carcinoma
    • Most common form of cancer.
    • Breast, uterus, prostate, lung, stomach, colon and rectum
  • 17.
    • Sarcoma
    • Connective or supportive cancers which include muscle, bone, fat, blood vessels and cartilage cancers.
  • 18.
    • Lymphoma
    • Cancers arising in cells of lymphatic tissues or the immune system.
  • 19.
    • Leukemia
    • A cancer in the blood or bone marrow.
  • 20.  
  • 21.
      • WAYS TO TREAT CANCER
    • Radiation therapy- uses high energy radiation to kill or damage cancer cells.
  • 22. Immunotherapy
    • treatment where the immune system is stimulated to fight cancer cells.
  • 23. Chemotherapy
    • treatment under medication of anti-cancer drugs which can kill cancer inside the body.
  • 24. How can you reduce the risk of Cancer?
  • 25.
    • Identify the sighs and symptoms of cancer. (C.A.U.T.I.O.N)
    • Do have regular check-ups
    • Practice non-tobacco lifestyle
    • Avoid too much exposure to sun
    • Eat fruits and vegetables
  • 26.
    • Observe meats you eat
    • Exercise and maintain the right weight
    • Be aware of family’s history of cancer
  • 27.
    • Avoid drinking alcohol
    • Avoid being exposed to dangerous chemicals and airborne fibers
  • 28.
    • A disease in which the body produces little or no insulin at all.
    DIABETES/DIABETES MELLITUS
  • 29.
    • Type 1 Diabetes
      • “ Insulin dependent diabetes”
      • Increased thirst, frequent urination, continuous hunger, weight loss, blurred vision tiredness.
  • 30.
    • Type 2 Diabetes
      • “ Non-Insulin dependent”
    • Gestational Diabetes
      • Occurs is females during pregnancies
  • 31.
    • A chronic condition in which breathing becomes difficult.
    ASTHMA
  • 32.
    • “ HYPERSENSITIVITY
    • Exaggerated response to an antibody forming substance or antigen.
    • Not- contagious.