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Facts about barbiturates

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  • 1. Facts About Barbiturates
  • 2. What are Barbiturates?
    • Barbiturates are depressant drugs used to induce sleep and relieve tension. When used in small dosages, barbiturates can cause a decrease in the ability to responsive and loss of muscle coordination.
  • 3. What are the uses of Barbiturates?
    • They can be used in treatment of anxiety like tranquilizers, as sedatives or as hypnotics.
    • Particular barbiturates like Phenobarbital are used in convulsive disorders caused by conditions like epilepsy or tetanus.
  • 4.
    • Barbiturates are also widely used In pre-surgery in hospitals to sedate patients.
    • Barbiturates are used by psychiatrists in the diagnosis and treatment of certain mental disorders.
    • Lastly, barbiturates are widely used as anesthetics for brief surgical procedures like tooth extraction or for filling teeth.
  • 5. Factors that affect the level of depression:
    • Type of barbiturates
    • How the drug is administered
    • State of Central Nervous System
    • Tolerance of an individual
  • 6. Reasons of abuse:
    • Curiosity - humans naturally desire to experience something new.
    • Low self-esteem - several individuals have poor opinions of themselves.
    • Peer pressure - mostly in stages of adolescence, individuals have a strong need to belong to the group.
  • 7.
    • Adult modeling - young people try to be grown-ups and they see drugs use as a form of adult behavior imitated.
    • Mood alteration - some individuals use drugs merely to change their emotions.
    • Boredom
  • 8.
    • Alienation - there are individuals feeling little or no power to control their destiny. They also feel unwanted and unloved.
  • 9. Effects of Barbiturates when Abused
    • The main effect and use of barbiturate is as depressant. (Depending on dose)
    • > half dose- moderate sedation and drowsiness
    • > one dose- makes a person sleep
  • 10.
    • quarter dose - relief anxiety and tension
    • Between half and 1 dose- the user will feel elated or “high”.
    • 5 times the dose- coma
    • 10 doses - lethal/ can lead to death
  • 11. Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002
  • 12.
    • The Act primarily gave heavier penalties on dangerous drugs possession .
    • It also gave the defined drug user, as a victim , a chance of rehabilitation and a new life .
  • 13.
    • DANGEROUS DRUGS
    • > include the prohibited drugs, regulated drugs, and the ingredients used to make these drugs.
  • 14.
    • PROHIBITED DRUGS
    • > These drugs are those not allowed for use in the country .
    • Ex: Shabu, Cocaine, Marijuana, Ecstacy, etc.
  • 15.
    • REGULATED DRUGS
    • > are those medications with prescription from physicians.
  • 16.
    • Drug user/dependents
    • Those who are sent for rehabilitation;
    • concluded as victims.
  • 17.
    • TREATMENT
    • a medical service rendered to a patient for effective management of physical and mental conditions arising from an individual’s drug abuse.
    • REHABILITATION
    • the dynamic process including aftercare and follow-up treatment directed towards the SPEPSV change of a drug dependent.
  • 18. Positive Outcome of Rehabilitation
    • Enable the victim to live without dangerous drugs.
    • Enjoy the fullest life compatible with his capabilities and potentials.
    • Render him/her to become a law abiding and productive member of the community.
  • 19.
    • DRUG DEPENDENT
    • any individual suffering from drug dependence.
    • DRUG DEPENDENCE
    • a strong desire or a sense of compulsion to take the substance and the difficulties in controlling substance taking behavior in terms of its level of use.
  • 20. Self-check:
    • Direction : Prepare ½ sheet of paper lengthwise, practice the value of self-discipline by doing it silently. After 5 minutes review, keep away all unnecessary things and be ready for the quiz.
  • 21. “ CHEATING is a form of STEALING . And stealing is an EVIL act ”
  • 22.
    • TEST I
    • These are depressant drugs used to induce sleep and relieve tension.
    • How many dosage makes a person sleep?
    • How many dosage leads to coma?
    • 4- 7. Give the factors that affects the level of depression caused by barbiturates.
  • 23.
    • For numbers 8-13, choose among the following options:
    • CURIOSITY
    • LOW SELF ESTEEM
    • PEER PRESSURE
    • ADULT MODELING
    • MOOD ALTERATION
    • BOREDOM
  • 24.
    • 8. Mostly in stages of adolescence, individuals have the strong need to belong to the group.
    • 9. Humans naturally desire to experience something new.
    • 10. Young people try to be grown-ups, and they see drug as a form of adult behavior to be imitated.
  • 25.
    • 11. Several individuals have poor opinions of themselves.
    • 12. A lot of young people have no interest in childhood activities but are not yet able to engage in adult activities.
    • 13. Some individuals use drugs merely to change their emotions.
  • 26.
    • 14. The act which gave heavier penalties on drug possession and the victim to have a chance of rehabilitation.
    • For # 15-17, choose among the following choices:
    • PROHIBITED
    • REGULATED
    • DANGEROUS
  • 27.
    • 18. It is the dynamic process including aftercare and follow up treatment directed to the SPEPSV change of a drug dependent.
    • 19. A medical service rendered to a patient.
    • 20. A strong desire or a sense of compulsion to take substance and the difficulty of controlling substance taking behavior.
  • 28.
    • TEST 2:Direction: Explain the following questions briefly.
    • As a student, what is the advantage of learning about the negative effects of drug abuse?
    • What can you do in order to keep yourself away from possible prohibited drug use?
    • What part of the lesson “Facts about barbiturates” struck you most? Why?