It is a term for an abnormal condition that impairs the normal functioning of the body.
Discomfort, Dysfunction, Distress and Death.
Disabilities, Disorders, Syndromes, Infections and other unusual variations of structure and functions.
Types of Diseases:
These are infectious disease capable of passing from one person to another.
Are those diseases which are not infectious which may result from genetics or lifestyle.
MORBIDITY vs. MORTALITY
Morbidity- refers to the degree of severity of a disease.
Mortality- is the quality or condition of being mortal; the term is usually used to determine the measure of the number of deaths.
Conditions Contributing to Disease
Economy Culture Environment Politics Education
Poverty usually is a source of illness because of deprivation of medical attention for its high cost.
Cultural or traditional beliefs hinders medical attention. Consulting from questionable medical practices by quack doctors, faith healers and other fake healers holds back proper medical procedures.
Potential causes of death and illness depends on the interaction between the environment and individual.
Politics has great effect on illness and death of an individual or the whole community. Government officials have a big responsibility regarding programs like hospitals, health care and health centers.
Possibly, education or information has the biggest effect on death and illness.
These are illnesses sourced from pathogens which spread from lining thing to another. Pathogens can enter the body through direct or indirect contact causing illnesses like influenza.
It is a biological agent that causes diseases or illness to its host.
These are organisms, frequently microorganisms, or components of these organisms which include various species of bacteria, viruses and protozoa.
Types of Pathogens: BACTERIA RICKETTSIAE PROTOZOA PARASITICWORMS FUNGI VIRUS
Most are beneficial but close to a hundred types are known to cause disease