I think nature , greenery , farmer
, etc . Actually agriculture is a
primary activity which includes
growing crops , fruits ,vegetables ,
etc . Farmers have to do farming
or agriculture to earn some money
for their livelihood .
The land on which the crops are
grown is known as arable land . In
farming the important inputs are :
seeds , fertilisers , machinery and
•Commercial farming .
Subsistence Farming : This type of
farming is practised to meet the
needs of the farmer’s family . Low
levels of technology and household
labor are used to produce on small
Subsistence farming can be
further classified as intensive
subsistence and primitive
subsistence farming .
tools and more labour . Rice is the
main crop . Other examples are
wheat , maize , pulses and oilseeds
. Intensive subsistence agriculture
is prevalent in the thickly
populated areas of the monsoon
regions of south , southeast and
east Asia .
nomadic herding .
•Shifting cultivation : Shifting
cultivation is practised in thickly
forested areas of Amazon basin ,
tropical Africa , parts of
southeast Asia and northeast
India .Shifting cultivation is also
known as jhumming , milpa , roca
,ladang ,etc .
is practised in the semi-arid and arid
regions of Sahara , Central Asia and some
parts of India like Rajasthan and Jammu
Kashmir . In this type of farming ,
herdsmen move from place to place with
their animals for fodder and water , along
defined routes . Sheep , camel , yaks and
goats are most commonly reared .
farming , mixed farming &
plantation agriculture .
Commercial grain farming : In it
crops are grown
for commercial purpose . Wheat
and maize are common
commercially grown grains .
Mixed Farming : In it the land is
used for growing food and fodder
crops and rearing livestock .It is
grown in Europe , Argentina .
Plantation Agriculture : Plantation
is a type of commercial farming
where single crop of tea , coffee ,
cashew , etc . Large amount of
labour and capital are required .
are grown to meet the
requirement of the growing
population . Crops also supply raw
materials for agro based
industries . Major crops are rice ,
wheat , millets , maize , cotton ,
jute , coffee , tea .
used . Due to agricultural development in
India irrigation is done by different
methods like drip irrigation , sprinkler
system ,etc .
Farm in USA : The average size of a farm
in the USA is much larger than that of an
Indian farm .They use tractors , seed
drills ,leveller , combine harvester and
thresher to perform various agricultural