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PRAGMATISM AND REALISM
PRAGMATISM      *Philosophical tradition that interprets truth in terms of the practical effects of what is believed and,...
* Importance of trying different methods and ways of life and then evaluating them with regard to their effectiveness   PR...
PROPONENTS OF  PRAGMATISM
Proponents of Pragmatism CHARLES PEIRCE  <ul><li>He is the founder of Pragmatism </li></ul><ul><li>He formulated a method ...
Proponents of Pragmatism WILLIAM JAMES <ul><li>He further advanced Peirce’s Theory of Truth </li></ul><ul><li>The world ca...
THEMES <ul><li>Anti Cartesianism </li></ul><ul><li>It is opposing the belief that humans have innate ideas </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>PRAGMATISM ON LEARNING AND TEACHING </li></ul><ul><li>  - hands-on, real life experiences ,  cooperative learning ...
Pragmatism on Education Envision      Develop and apply knowledge and become an individual who can exercise choice and ta...
The Teaching-Learning Process    In Experimentalism and Pragmatism, learning is  always considered to be an individual mat...
REALISM <ul><li>Objects exist whether or not there is a human mind to perceive it. </li></ul><ul><li>It stands by two beli...
REALISM <ul><li>Existence </li></ul><ul><li>tables, rocks, moon, and so on, all exist. Knowing that it exists, we also hav...
PROPONENTS OF  REALISM
Proponents of Realism ARISTOTLE <ul><li>“ A tree can exist without matter, but no matter can exist without form” </li></ul...
Proponents of Realism THOMAS AQUINAS <ul><li>Highest good comes through teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>“God made it possible ...
<ul><li>AIMS OF EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the material world through inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>A study of ...
<ul><li>TEACHING AND LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Supports formal way of tea...
<ul><li>Realist vs. Pragmatist </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>     Realist  </li></ul><ul><li>- believes that univ...
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Transcript of "Pragmatism and Realism"

  1. 1. PRAGMATISM AND REALISM
  2. 2. PRAGMATISM      *Philosophical tradition that interprets truth in terms of the practical effects of what is believed and, in particular, the usefulness of these effects.            * The philosophy that the truth of an idea is dependent on its workability; ideas or principles is true so far as they work.           * A practical, matter-of-fact way of approaching or assessing situations or of solving problems. Using, experimenting, and/or acting on a given idea in certain circumstances; whatever these results are, these are to be considered the whole of what one knows of that idea
  3. 3. * Importance of trying different methods and ways of life and then evaluating them with regard to their effectiveness PRAGMATISM    *Experience-centered philosophy which emphasizes CHANGE.
  4. 4. PROPONENTS OF PRAGMATISM
  5. 5. Proponents of Pragmatism CHARLES PEIRCE <ul><li>He is the founder of Pragmatism </li></ul><ul><li>He formulated a method of looking at reality; discerning what is true and what is false. </li></ul><ul><li>What he needed was a theory of MEANING. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Proponents of Pragmatism WILLIAM JAMES <ul><li>He further advanced Peirce’s Theory of Truth </li></ul><ul><li>The world came to know pragmatism in a systematic way because of him. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THEMES <ul><li>Anti Cartesianism </li></ul><ul><li>It is opposing the belief that humans have innate ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Empiricism </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical worldview is flawed if it stops at the physical level and fails to explain its meaning, values and intention. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>PRAGMATISM ON LEARNING AND TEACHING </li></ul><ul><li>  - hands-on, real life experiences , cooperative learning and moral development  </li></ul><ul><li>- pragmatism supports the idea of the student being responsible for his or her own learning </li></ul><ul><li>- seeks to guide the child toward awareness of how his or her actions may affect others </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pragmatism on Education Envision      Develop and apply knowledge and become an individual who can exercise choice and take responsibility for their actions. Learning takes place by doing, by discovering.  
  10. 10. The Teaching-Learning Process   In Experimentalism and Pragmatism, learning is always considered to be an individual matter . Teachers ought not to try to pour the knowledge they have into the learners, because such efforts are fruitless. What each learner learns depends upon his own personal needs, interests, and problems
  11. 11. REALISM <ul><li>Objects exist whether or not there is a human mind to perceive it. </li></ul><ul><li>It stands by two beliefs: </li></ul><ul><li>-Existence </li></ul><ul><li>-Independence </li></ul>
  12. 12. REALISM <ul><li>Existence </li></ul><ul><li>tables, rocks, moon, and so on, all exist. Knowing that it exists, we also have the knowledge of its form; e.g. Tables being square, rocks being granite, and moon being yellow and round. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>- e.g. The fact that the moon exist and is spherical is independent of anything anyone happens to say or think about the matter. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PROPONENTS OF REALISM
  14. 14. Proponents of Realism ARISTOTLE <ul><li>“ A tree can exist without matter, but no matter can exist without form” </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with the study of Logic </li></ul><ul><li>A classical realist </li></ul>
  15. 15. Proponents of Realism THOMAS AQUINAS <ul><li>Highest good comes through teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>“God made it possible to acquire new knowledge so that we may know Him better” </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>AIMS OF EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the material world through inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>A study of science and scientific method </li></ul><ul><li>Basic, no-nonsense approach, essential knowledge </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>TEACHING AND LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Supports formal way of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Children should be given positive awards </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom Setup </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Realist vs. Pragmatist </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>     Realist </li></ul><ul><li>- believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them </li></ul><ul><li>- accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>   Pragmatist </li></ul><ul><li>- takes a practical approach to problems </li></ul><ul><li>- concerned primarily with the success or failure of her actions </li></ul><ul><li>  - rely on empirical or experimental methods </li></ul>
  19. 19. END
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