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Emotions           Nikhita Iyer
ElementaryResponses to a stimulus, include: Physiological arousal Expressive behaviors Conscious experience Mood – ove...
Basic   Fear, surprise, anger, disgust, happiness, sadn    ess   Basic emotions are innate (inborn) and “hard-    wired”...
Purpose   Can move us to act, triggering motivated    behavior   Help us to set goals, but emotional states can    also ...
Theories James-Lange     Theory       Event causes physiological arousal first and        then we interpret this arousal...
 Cannon-Bard    Theory    We experience physiological arousal &     emotional at the same time,    But gives no attenti...
 Schachter-Singer    Theory     An event causes physiological arousal      first.     You must then identify a reason f...
 Lazarus   Theory     A thought must come before any      emotion or physiological arousal.     In other words, you mus...
   Facial Feedback Theory       Emotion is the experience of changes in our        facial muscles.       In other words...
Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System     The part of the autonomic nervous system that      arouses the body to deal with perceived...
Autonomic Nervous System
School Of Thought Psychology has multiple perspectives  Psychodynamic  Behavioral  Cognitive  Social Learning
Psychodynamic Perspective   Focus: How behavior is affected by    unconscious drives and conflicts   Behavior is explain...
Behavioral Perspective Focus: How we learn through  rewards, punishments, and observation View of behavior based on expe...
Cognitive Perspective Focus: On how people think and process  information Behavior is explained by how a person  interpr...
Social Learning Perspective Focus:  How thinking and behavior  change depending on the setting or  situation Behavior is...
Applications Liedetectors Brain fingerprinting
Psychology
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Psychology

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Transcript of "Psychology"

  1. 1. Emotions Nikhita Iyer
  2. 2. ElementaryResponses to a stimulus, include: Physiological arousal Expressive behaviors Conscious experience Mood – overall feeling one has that lasts for an extended time frame
  3. 3. Basic Fear, surprise, anger, disgust, happiness, sadn ess Basic emotions are innate (inborn) and “hard- wired” Complex emotions are a blend of many aspects of emotions Classified along two dimensions  Pleasant or unpleasant  Level of activation or arousal associated with the emotion
  4. 4. Purpose Can move us to act, triggering motivated behavior Help us to set goals, but emotional states can also be goals in themselves. Influences rational decision making and purposeful behavior. Emotional intelligence is the capacity to understand and manage your own emotional experiences and to perceive, comprehend, and respond appropriately to the emotional responses of others.
  5. 5. Theories James-Lange Theory  Event causes physiological arousal first and then we interpret this arousal.  Only after our interpretation of the arousal can we experience emotion.  If the arousal is not noticed or is not given any thought, then we will not experience any emotion based on this event
  6. 6.  Cannon-Bard Theory  We experience physiological arousal & emotional at the same time,  But gives no attention to the role of thoughts or outward behavior.
  7. 7.  Schachter-Singer Theory  An event causes physiological arousal first.  You must then identify a reason for this arousal and then you are able to experience and label the emotion.
  8. 8.  Lazarus Theory  A thought must come before any emotion or physiological arousal.  In other words, you must first think about your situation before you can experience an emotion.
  9. 9.  Facial Feedback Theory  Emotion is the experience of changes in our facial muscles.  In other words, when we smile, we then experience pleasure, or happiness. When we frown, we then experience sadness.  It is the changes in our facial muscles that cue our brains and provide the basis of our emotions.  Just as there are an unlimited number of muscle configurations in our face, so to are there a seemingly unlimited number of emotions.
  10. 10. Nervous System
  11. 11. Sympathetic Nervous System  The part of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body to deal with perceived threats  Fight or flight responseParasympathetic Nervous System  The part of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body  Brings the body back down to a relaxed state
  12. 12. Autonomic Nervous System
  13. 13. School Of Thought Psychology has multiple perspectives  Psychodynamic  Behavioral  Cognitive  Social Learning
  14. 14. Psychodynamic Perspective  Focus: How behavior is affected by unconscious drives and conflicts  Behavior is explained through unconscious motivation and unresolved inner conflicts from one’s childhood.  Modern version of psychoanalytic perspective (Sigmund Freud)
  15. 15. Behavioral Perspective Focus: How we learn through rewards, punishments, and observation View of behavior based on experience or learning
  16. 16. Cognitive Perspective Focus: On how people think and process information Behavior is explained by how a person interprets the situation How is knowledge acquired, organized, remembered, and used to guide behavior?
  17. 17. Social Learning Perspective Focus: How thinking and behavior change depending on the setting or situation Behavior is explained by the influence of other people present Cross culture also is a heavy influence
  18. 18. Applications Liedetectors Brain fingerprinting
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