Warp by WeftWarp by Weft
Introduction…
• WARP:WARP:
– set of lengthwise YARNSset of lengthwise YARNS
• WEFT:WEFT:
– YARN drawn under and over paral...
YARN…
• YARNS:YARNS: is a long continuous length of interlockedis a long continuous length of interlocked
fibers, suitable...
Warp * Weft =…?Warp * Weft =…?
• A piece of fabric or textile that is ready to beA piece of fabric or textile that is read...
HistoryHistory……
• TEXTILE: appeared for the first time in theTEXTILE: appeared for the first time in the
Middle East duri...
• COTTON: First used by inhabitants of IndusCOTTON: First used by inhabitants of Indus
Valley Civilization, 5Valley Civili...
Types of Textile:
Textile
Animal textile:
Wool & Silk
Mineral textile :
Asbestos
Synthetic textile :
Nylon, Polyester &Acr...
Usage…Usage…
AnimalAnimal
TextileTextile
PlantPlant
TextilesTextiles
MineralMineral
TextilesTextiles
SyntheticSynthetic
Te...
Formation of Cloth…
• Weaving:Weaving:
In this process, weft isIn this process, weft is
drawn under and overdrawn under an...
A Revolutionary Textile…
• DENIM: A rugged cotton twill textile, in
which a weft passes under two or more warp
threads.
What is What…?
Thank You… 
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Warp & weft

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Warps and Wefts are the strings of the fibre crossing each other horizontally and vertically to form any kind of cloth.

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Warp & weft

  1. 1. Warp by WeftWarp by Weft
  2. 2. Introduction… • WARP:WARP: – set of lengthwise YARNSset of lengthwise YARNS • WEFT:WEFT: – YARN drawn under and over parallel warps.YARN drawn under and over parallel warps.
  3. 3. YARN… • YARNS:YARNS: is a long continuous length of interlockedis a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles,fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, etc.sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, etc.
  4. 4. Warp * Weft =…?Warp * Weft =…? • A piece of fabric or textile that is ready to beA piece of fabric or textile that is ready to be used as a covering for the body, i.e., CLOTHused as a covering for the body, i.e., CLOTH
  5. 5. HistoryHistory…… • TEXTILE: appeared for the first time in theTEXTILE: appeared for the first time in the Middle East during the Stone Age.Middle East during the Stone Age. • FLAX: is amongst the oldest fiber crops forFLAX: is amongst the oldest fiber crops for prodprodnn of “linen” & dates back to ancientof “linen” & dates back to ancient Egyptian times.Egyptian times. • Evidences suggest that human started clothingEvidences suggest that human started clothing some 107,000 years ago.some 107,000 years ago.
  6. 6. • COTTON: First used by inhabitants of IndusCOTTON: First used by inhabitants of Indus Valley Civilization, 5Valley Civilization, 5thth to 4to 4thth millennium BC.millennium BC. • LINEN: First used by Egyptians byLINEN: First used by Egyptians by cultivation of flax in the Neolithic period, c.cultivation of flax in the Neolithic period, c. 5500 BC.5500 BC. • SILK: Earliest evidence of use found at sites ofSILK: Earliest evidence of use found at sites of Chinese civilization, Yangshao.Chinese civilization, Yangshao.
  7. 7. Types of Textile: Textile Animal textile: Wool & Silk Mineral textile : Asbestos Synthetic textile : Nylon, Polyester &Acrlic Plant textile : Cotton, Flax & Jute
  8. 8. Usage…Usage… AnimalAnimal TextileTextile PlantPlant TextilesTextiles MineralMineral TextilesTextiles SyntheticSynthetic TextilesTextiles Made from hair orMade from hair or fur; used forfur; used for warm clothing.warm clothing. Made from fiberMade from fiber crops; used forcrops; used for making ropes,making ropes, coirs, mattressescoirs, mattresses and clothing.and clothing. Made from metalMade from metal fibres, foils andfibres, foils and wires; used forwires; used for sheetings,sheetings, ceilings, curtains,ceilings, curtains, fire blankets, etc.fire blankets, etc. Used primarily inUsed primarily in the production ofthe production of clothing,clothing, polyester, acrylic,polyester, acrylic, nylon, etc.nylon, etc.
  9. 9. Formation of Cloth… • Weaving:Weaving: In this process, weft isIn this process, weft is drawn under and overdrawn under and over parallel warps at rightparallel warps at right angles, majorly.angles, majorly. Among warp and weft,Among warp and weft, warp is the strongerwarp is the stronger yarn as it has to beyarn as it has to be stretched whereas, weftstretched whereas, weft can be less strong.can be less strong.
  10. 10. A Revolutionary Textile… • DENIM: A rugged cotton twill textile, in which a weft passes under two or more warp threads.
  11. 11. What is What…?
  12. 12. Thank You… 
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