Example: Ask not for whom the bell tolls, it tolls for thee.
That vs. Which
Use with essential phrases
Example: Go to the door that reads, “Clinic 1.”
Use with non-essential phrases
Example: The test, which was given Thursday, was difficult.
Among vs. Between
Use with two.
Example: He split the Calzone between Tim and Susan, because it was bigger than Tim’s head.
Use with three or more.
Example: We divided the money among the five children.
Affect vs. effect
A verb that means influence
Example: The drought will affect the color of the
A noun that means result
Example: The medicine has unpleasant side
Compose vs. comprise
Means to make up
Example: The class is composed of 25 students.
Means to include
Example: Our class comprises five women and six men.
Making sense of sentences
He waited but.
The man in the plaid suit said.
A march for justice.
We visited the hospital, and we saw the doctor, and he said to come back tomorrow, and we did, and then he said to come back the next day, and we did, and then he said we were too late, so we went home.
Faulty parallelism: Some more examples
He planned his story, wrote the article and turned in his paper on time.
He enjoys reading and to go skiing.
Our trip includes stops in:
A stop in Paris, France
The tourists saw a herd of sheep on their way to their hotel.
On their way to their hotel, the tourists saw a herd of sheep.
Needing oil, the mechanic drove the car into the garage.
The car needed oil, so the mechanic drove it into the garage.