A bibliographic description format is formal definition of syntax, meaning and rules of describing resources collected by library or other similar entity. Bibliographic description formats are descendants of sets of rules for describing library resources used back in the XIXth century and are still used today.
“ Paintings ” AND “ Sooraj ” AND “ flowers ” no result
if the knowledge that “ irises ” are “ flowers ” is modeled in an ontology (e.g. subclass-hierarchy)
we can query for all “ Paintings ” by “ Sooraj ” with subject “ flowers ” and retrieve also the picture with subject “ irises ”
WHAT LACKS- SEMANTICS ( EXAMPLE) Sooraj Creation-Creator/Role ISIM Library Current Location-Repository Name irises , nature , soil Subject-Matter 2009 Creation-Date Irises Title paintings Object/Work type Paintings Classification