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What Is Pisciculture? The breeding, rearing, and transplantation of fish by artificial means is called Pisciculture, in other words, fish farming. It involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. Fish species raised by fish farms include salmon, catfish, tilapia and cod.
Types Of Fishes reared Salmon Fish - It lives along the coasts of both the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans , and have also been introduced into the Great Lakes of North America. Salmon are intensively produced in aquaculture in many parts of the world. Catfish – These are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. Catfish range in size and behavior from the heaviest and longest. Extant catfish species live in coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica. Catfish are most diverse in tropical South America, Africa, and Asia.
Tilapia Fish - Tilapia inhabit a variety of fresh water habitats including shallow streams, ponds, rivers and lakes. Historically they have been of major importance in artisan fishing in Africa and are of increasing importance in aquaculture. China is the largest Tilapia producer in the world, followed by Egypt. Cod Fish- Cod is a popular food with a mild flavor, low fat content and a dense, flaky white flesh. Cod livers are processed to make cod liver oil, which is an important source of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E.In the United Kingdom, cod is one of the most common ingredients in fish and chips. It is also frequently consumed in Portugal and Spain.