Disaster Management       In     INDIA         by   Ghanshyam Godbole        Roll no-:76          F.Y.B.com           Div ...
What is Disaster?   Disaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing great damage, loss, destruction and    devastation to...
Why Disaster Occurs?                     Ghanshyam          Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   3
   Climate change is likely to be perceived    through experience of extreme weather    events   Therefore, response to ...
GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   5
Disaster due to natural hazards1990 - 2000                      Ghanshyam           Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com ...
Average annual impacts fromnatural hazards   Mortality: 3600   Crop area: 1.42 million hectares   Property (houses): 2....
Exposure to natural hazards   40 million hectares flood prone (5% of area)   54% area exposed to seismic activity   Eas...
Natural Disaster area’s onINDIA map                      Ghanshyam           Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   9
GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   10
GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   11
Disaster management                    Ghanshyam         Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   12
   Climate hazards within overall context of    disaster management   Statutory responsibility of state governments   C...
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA : NODAL MINISTRIES /DEPARTMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENTDISASTERS                           NODAL MINIST...
National response mechanism                     Ghanshyam          Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   15
MANAGEMENT MECHANISM*   Integrated Administrative Machinery*   National Contingency Action Plan -    identify initiatives ...
Natural Disaster Response-Government of India    National Crisis Management     Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet     Secreta...
GOI Departments for DisasterResponse Armed Forces-Ministry of  Defence Central Para Military Forces-  Ministry of Home A...
GOI Departments for DisasterResponse   Ministries/Departments:    Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply    Power, Tele...
DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY-SALIENT FEATURES*     Recognition of linkages between natural      disasters and development*  ...
CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR DISASTERMANAGEMENT - SALIENT FEATURES*    Human resource Development*    Setting up of National ...
External Assistance -Policy   No formal appeal for external    assistance made for relief   External assistance,if offer...
DISASTER RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS INTHE STATES    STATE CABINET    STATES CRISIS MANAGEMENT     GROUP: HEADED BY CHIEF     ...
Example: AP cyclone hazardmitigation project outcomes   Hazard mitigation studies (international    consultants)   IMD e...
Observations   Recognition of linkage between natural hazards    and development   Connecting developmental programs (DP...
Thank you               Ghanshyam    Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com   26
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Disaster management in india

1,510

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,510
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
141
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Disaster management in india

  1. 1. Disaster Management In INDIA by Ghanshyam Godbole Roll no-:76 F.Y.B.com Div A Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 1
  2. 2. What is Disaster? Disaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing great damage, loss, destruction and devastation to life and property. WHO defines Disaster as "any occurrence, that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services, on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area” The damage caused by disasters is immeasurable and varies with the geographical location, climate and the type of the earth surface/degree of vulnerability. This influences the mental, socio-economic, political and cultural state of the affected area. Generally, disaster has the following effects in the concerned areas: 1. It completely disrupts the normal day to day life. 2. It negatively influences the emergency systems. 3. Normal needs and processes like flood, shelter, health, etc. are affected and deteriorate depending on the intensity and severity of the disaster.   Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 2
  3. 3. Why Disaster Occurs? Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 3
  4. 4.  Climate change is likely to be perceived through experience of extreme weather events Therefore, response to climate change will perhaps happen through adaptation to climate hazards Important to characterize the institutional mechanisms and structures in place for responding to natural (and climate- related) disasters Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 4
  5. 5. GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 5
  6. 6. Disaster due to natural hazards1990 - 2000 Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 6
  7. 7. Average annual impacts fromnatural hazards Mortality: 3600 Crop area: 1.42 million hectares Property (houses): 2.36 million dwellings Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 7
  8. 8. Exposure to natural hazards 40 million hectares flood prone (5% of area) 54% area exposed to seismic activity East coast of India and Gujarat (West coast) exposed to cyclone risk A preliminary assessment of exposure to major hazard categories has been done in 1996-1998 (as a part of IDNDR) by the Building Materials Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Urban Development. Trying to put this information in a GIS format Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 8
  9. 9. Natural Disaster area’s onINDIA map Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 9
  10. 10. GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 10
  11. 11. GhanshyamGodbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 11
  12. 12. Disaster management Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 12
  13. 13.  Climate hazards within overall context of disaster management Statutory responsibility of state governments Central government provides logistic and financial support Elaborate response mechanism at national level State level responses vary National coordinating body: National Disaster Management Cell (NDMC), Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 13
  14. 14. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA : NODAL MINISTRIES /DEPARTMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENTDISASTERS NODAL MINISTRIESNatural Disasters AgricultureAir Accidents Civil AviationCivil Strife Home AffairsRailway Accidents RailwaysChemical Disasters EnvironmentBiological Disasters Health & family WelfareNuclear Accident Atomic Energy Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 14
  15. 15. National response mechanism Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 15
  16. 16. MANAGEMENT MECHANISM* Integrated Administrative Machinery* National Contingency Action Plan - identify initiatives by various agencies* Department of Agriculture & Cooperation - the Nodal Department* Central Relief Commissioner - Chief Nodal Officer at National level* State/District Contingency Plans and Relief Manuals Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 16
  17. 17. Natural Disaster Response-Government of India  National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet Secretary  Crisis Management Group(CMG) under Central Relief Commissioner  Group of Ministers, Group of Secretaries and High Level Committees-Need base Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 17
  18. 18. GOI Departments for DisasterResponse Armed Forces-Ministry of Defence Central Para Military Forces- Ministry of Home Affairs International Response- Ministry of External Affairs Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 18
  19. 19. GOI Departments for DisasterResponse Ministries/Departments: Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply Power, Telecom , Health, Urban Development Food & Public Distribution, Shipping Surface Transport, Railways, Civil Aviation Women & Child Development Water Resources, Animal Husbandry India Meteorological Department(IMD) Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 19
  20. 20. DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY-SALIENT FEATURES* Recognition of linkages between natural disasters and development* Connecting of specific programmes like DPAP, DDP, NWDPRA and Wasteland Development Programme for managingnatural disasters* Emphasis on forecasting and warning using advanced technology Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 20
  21. 21. CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR DISASTERMANAGEMENT - SALIENT FEATURES* Human resource Development* Setting up of National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM)* Setting up of Disaster Management Faculties in States* Programmes for Community Participation and Public Awareness* Observing National Disaster Reduction Day* Activities to achieve the goals and objectives of IDNDR/ISDR Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 21
  22. 22. External Assistance -Policy No formal appeal for external assistance made for relief External assistance,if offered as solidarity accepted with gratitude Gujarat earthquake- international response overwhelming Bi-lateral agreements suggested by some countries for emergency response Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 22
  23. 23. DISASTER RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS INTHE STATES  STATE CABINET  STATES CRISIS MANAGEMENT GROUP: HEADED BY CHIEF SECRETARY.  INSTITUTION OF RELIEF COMMISSIONERS IN STATES  STATES/DISTRICTS CONTINGENCY PLAN S / RELIEF CODES. Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 23
  24. 24. Example: AP cyclone hazardmitigation project outcomes Hazard mitigation studies (international consultants) IMD early warning capacity through Doppler radar Infrastructure creation and restoration  Floods – drains & embankments  Road restoration  Storm shelters  Electricity transmission and distribution What about system / process capabilities? Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 24
  25. 25. Observations Recognition of linkage between natural hazards and development Connecting developmental programs (DPAP, NWDB) to disaster management Forecasting and warning (technology use) Contingency planning  Foodgrain availability  Preparedness Adaptive capacity by creating a management system However, focus still on relief; recovery and adaptive capacity not thought through Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 25
  26. 26. Thank you Ghanshyam Godbole.....................F.Y.B.Com 26
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×