• Located on the southern coast of India.
• At 8.5074' North - East-76. 972’
• Adjacent to Arabian sea in the west,
Tamilnadu in the east-south, Karnataka in
north and north-east.
• Area = 38,863 Sq. Km.
ABOUT THE STATE
• Capital of Kerala is Thiruvanadapuram.
• Language spoken is Malayalam.
• Orissa consists of 14 districts.
• Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have
made it one of the most sought after tourist
destinations in Asia... an equable climate... A long
shoreline with plantations and paddy fields... Kerala
Ayurvedic health holidays.... Enchanting art forms of
Kerala.... Magical festivals of Kerala...
• Kerala has a composite culture enriched through the
ages with the contribution of various people and
races. Its peculiar geographical position has helped
the process of cultural synthesis.
Fertile plains along the coast.
• and forested highlands towards the interior.
• Western and northern portions of the state
are occupied by the Chota nagpur plateaus.
FLORA & FAUNA
• 33% forest area
• Forests are repositories of Bamboo, Teak,
Rosewood, Sal, Piasal, Sanghvan and Haldi
• White Tigers, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying
Squirrel, Olive Ridley Turtle
• Alexandrine Parakeet , Indian Pied Hornbill,
• The ancient name was .
• Controlled and traded with most of the sea
routes in the Bay of Bengal.
• of who
ascended the throne of Magadha in 362 B. C.
conquered and instituted Kalinga to his
• Kalinga became economically prosperous
under the Nanda rule.
• In 261B.C., the Mauryan emperor
invaded Kalinga which resulted in the Kalinga
• It is presumed that the war took place in the
banks of .
• After occupying Kalinga, Ashoka took up the
path of non-violence.
• He beacame an instrument in spreading
Buddhism all over Asia.
• Kharavela was the third ruler of the
• He flourished during the second half of the 1
st century B.C.
• The hatigumpha inscription furnishes detailed
accounts about the life and activities of
Kharavela from his boyhood to his 13th
• In 1803, the British under the British East India
Company occupied Orissa.
• In 1823, Orissa was divided into the three
districts of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri.
• Large scale irrigation projects were
undertaken in the last half of the 19th century.
• The coastal section was separated from Bengal
and made into the Province of Bihar and
Orissa in 1912.
Orissa has many ancient names like :
• Chedi (Mahabharata)
• Matsa (Mahabharata)
• ART AND CRAFT
• SAND ART
• ‘Odissi’ is the classical dance of Orissa.
• Originally developed in the temple of Lord
• This dance has been closely connected with
the day to day activities of the temples.
• Strongly linked with the religious movements
Origin of Odissi
• Gained recognition in early 60s.
• The dance form nearly went extinct during the
• Before that, there were devadasi nritya and
• Chhau dance (or Chau dance)
• Sambalpuri dance originated from the
western region of Orissa.
• Tribal dance in the district of Koraput known
• Odissi music is a combination of four
distinctive kinds of music, namely, Chitrapada,
Dhruvapada, Panchal and Chitrakala.
• A unique feature of Oriya music is the ,
which consists of singing of words in fast beat.
• the five broad categories of oriya music are
Tribal Music, Folk music, Light Music, Light-
Classical Music and Classical Music.
• Orissa rich in oriya literature.
• Jaidev’s Geetagovinda is the basis for odissi
• Radhanath Ray tried to write his poems with
the influence of Western Literature.
• Fakir Mohan Senapati is famous for his oriya
• 21st century famous novelist Manoj Dash is
also a pride for Orissa.
ART AND CRAFT
• The pipili work and the silver filigree work at Cuttack
• The Sambalpuri textiles is famous for its artistic
• The handloom sarees available in Orissa can be of four
major types; these are Ikat, Bandha, Bomkai and
• Pata painting is considered an important form of
Orissan painting which originated from the temple of
Jagannath at Puri in the 12th century.
• Mural paintings can be seen in the caves of Khandagiri
BRASS OR BELL METAL
• Practised by particular caste of people in Puri,
Cuttack, Ganjam and Sambalpur Districts
• brass is an alloy of copper and zinc
• bell metal is an alloy copper and tin.
• A unique type of art form is developed at Puri.
• To carve a sand sculpture, the raw material is
the only clean and fine-grained sand mixed
• Poet Balaram Das is famous for his sand art of
Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi
• Sudarshan Pattnaik is one of the famous sand
artists of the present time.
• Rasagolla is basically an oriya invention. The
Salepur rasagolla are very famous.
• Kheer is originated in Puri 2000 years ago.
• A typical meal in Orissa consists of a main
course and dessert.
• Built in 11th century
• Name has been a subject of debate
• Famous for the aesthetic concept of miniature
temple sculptures clustered around the main
• Buddhist monuments are Dhauligiri, Ratnagiri
• Jain Monuments are located at Khandagiri and
• Major Jagannath Temple Festivals include Rath
• Special Festivals include Konark Festival, Puri
Beach festival, Rajarani Music Festival, Kalinga
Mahotsav, Ekamra Utsav,Shreekshetra Utsav
• Tribal Fairs and Festivals include Bali