Past+unreal+conditionals

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Past+unreal+conditionals

  1. 1. IF VICKI HAD WON THE LOTTERY, SHE WOULD HAVE RETIRED. Past Unreal Conditionals
  2. 2. Past Unreal Conditionals Past unreal conditionals have two clauses ( a clause is a groups of words that have a subject + verb) The if clause The result clause (main clause) (if clause) If Amy had received treatment, (result clause) she might not have died.
  3. 3. Try It Out! How many clauses are found in a past unreal conditional statement? What is a clause? What do we call the clauses in a part unreal conditional statement?
  4. 4. Past Unreal Conditionals If Clause (unreal condition) If + subject + past perfect, Result Clause (what would have happened) subject + would (not) have + past participle. could (not) have might (not) have (unreal condition) (what would have happened) If he hadn’t used laugh therapy, Norman would not have recovered.
  5. 5. Past Perfect Had + past participle of verb Regular past participle verb + ed ex.had talked Irregular past participle examples Go had gone Be had been Have had had Take had taken
  6. 6. Try It Out! How do we form the if clause? How do we form the past perfect for regular verbs? How do we form the past perfect for irregular verbs? What three ways can we form the result clause?
  7. 7. Past Unreal Conditionals Result Clause (what would have happened) Subject + would (not) have + past participle. could (not) have might (not) have If Clause (unreal condition) If + subject + past perfect (what would have happened) (unreal condition) Norman would not have recovered if he hadn’t used laugh therapy.
  8. 8. Try It Out! What does the if clause tell us? What does the result clause tell us? Identify the if clause and the result clause in this sentence. I might have passed the quiz if I had studied.
  9. 9. Past Unreal Conditionals  Talk about past unreal, untrue, or imagined conditions and their results.  Both parts of the sentence describe events that are the opposite of what happened.  Conditional statement: Norman would not have recovered if He hadn’t used laugh therapy.  What really happened? He recovered. He used laugh therapy.
  10. 10. Try It Out! Why do we use the past unreal conditional? What do both parts of the sentence describe?
  11. 11. Past Unreal Conditionals Use would have in the result clause to mean regret If Amy had received treatment, she wouldn’t have died.
  12. 12. Exercise! What does would have describe in the result clause?
  13. 13. Past Unreal Conditionals Use could have in the result clause to mean possibility If her parents had believed in medicine, Amy could have lived.
  14. 14. Try It Out! What does could have describe in the result clause?
  15. 15. Past Unreal conditionals Use might have in the result clause to mean uncertainty about the result If Norman hadn’t used laugh therapy, he might have died.
  16. 16. Try It Out! What does might have describe in the result clause?

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