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Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
Passive and gerunds revision
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Passive and gerunds revision

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  • 1. ENGL 123-2 Writing II
  • 2. TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE Present We normally heat the water in a kettle. The printer prints the Excel sheets. The water is normally heated in a kettle. The Excel sheets are printed by/using a printer Simple past We heated the water in a kettle. The scientist found out the reason for the disease. The water was heated in a kettle. The reason was found out by/the scientist. Present perfect We have heated the water in a kettle. The program has calculated the parameters. The water has been heated in a kettle. The parameters have been calculated by/using the program.
  • 3. Tense Auxiliary verb + sample V3 (past participle) Examples Present simple am, is, are + made Water is heated in a kettle. Many cars are made in Japan. Present progressive am, is, are + being + sent The document is being sent right now. I am being sent to work in the London office. Past simple was, were + invited John was invited to speak at the conference. We were invited to Daniel and Mary’s wedding.
  • 4. Past progressive was, were + being + washed The car was being washed when I got home. Their families were being kidnapped while they were in the mall shopping. Future (will) will be + signed The contract will be signed tomorrow. The documents will all be signed by next week.
  • 5. Present perfect has, have + been + sold That start-up has been sold for $5 million. The rights to his book have been sold for $250,000. Past perfect had + been + hired The new manager had been hired before John left the company. All the employees had hired before the store opened. Future perfect will + have been + finished The car will have been loaded by the time he gets home. The crates will have been loaded by then.
  • 6. Modals: can/could can, could + be + issued A passport can only be issued at the embassy. He said the documents could be issued within the week. Modal: have to have to, has to, had to + be+ arranged A babysitter has to be arranged for this evening. Joan’s travel plans have to be arranged by December. Modal: must must + be + stopped Criminals must be stopped before they commit crimes.
  • 7. • Rachel will give you some advice. → • I sent him a letter. → • The police officer showed us the way. → • Our neighbour gave me a lift. → • We have asked him a favour. → • She told me a lie. → • They have written her a postcard. → • Kerrie will make you a cup of tea. → • The waiter has not brought us the coffee. → • They did not offer her a seat. →
  • 8. • 1.Rachel will give you some advice. • → You will be given some advice. • 2.I sent him a letter. • → He was sent a letter. • • 3.The police officer showed us the way. • → We were shown the way. • • 4.Our neighbour gave me a lift. • → I was given a lift. • • 5.We have asked him a favour. • → He has been asked a favour. • • 6.She told me a lie. • → I was told a lie. • • 7.They have written her a postcard. • → She has been written a postcard. • • 8.Kerrie will make you a cup of tea. • → You will be made a cup of tea. • • 9.The waiter has not brought us the coffee. • → We have not been brought the coffee. • • 10.They did not offer her a seat. • → She was not offered a seat.
  • 9. • 1.People know that she is a good swimmer. • → • 2.They say that Francis is in hospital. • → • 3.They think that the children are in bed. • → • 4.People believe that the robber has worked in the bank. • → • 5.People believe that nuclear power stations are dangerous. • → • 6.His collegues thought that he was on holiday. • → • 7.People know that cars pollute the environment. • → • 8.They suppose that the new product will come out soon. • → • 9.They found that the mission was impossible. • → • 10.They believe that she will win a gold medal. • →
  • 10. • 1.People know that she is a good swimmer. • → She is known to be a good swimmer. • 2.They say that Francis is in hospital. • → Francis is said to be in hospital. • 3.They think that the children are in bed. • → The children are thought to be in bed. • 4.People believe that the robber has worked in the bank. • → The robber is believed to have worked in the bank. • • 5.People believe that nuclear power stations are dangerous. • → Nuclear power stations are believed to be dangerous.
  • 11. • 6.His colleagues thought that he was on holiday. • → He was thought to be on holiday. • 7.People know that cars pollute the environment. • → Cars are known to pollute the environment. • 8.They suppose that the new product will come out soon. • → The new product is supposed to come out soon. • • 9.They found that the mission was impossible. • → The mission was found to be impossible. • 10.They believe that she will win a gold medal. • → She is believed to win a gold medal
  • 12. • Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. • Jane will buy a new computer. - • Millions of people will visit the museum. - • Our boss will sign the contract. - • You will not do it. - • They will not show the new film. - • He won't see Sue. - • They will not ask him. - • Will the company employ a new worker? - • Will the plumber repair the shower? -
  • 13. • 1.Jane will buy a new computer. - A new computer will be bought by Jane. • 3.Millions of people will visit the museum. - The museum will be visited by millions of people. • 4.Our boss will sign the contract. - The contract will be signed by our boss. • 5.You will not do it. - It will not be done by you. • • 6.They will not show the new film. - The new film will not be shown by them. • • 7.He won't see Sue. - Sue will not be seen by him. • • 8.They will not ask him. - He will not be asked by them. • 9.Will the company employ a new worker? - Will a new worker be employed by the company? • 10.Will the plumber repair the shower? - Will the shower be repaired by the plumber?
  • 14. • Frank will have ordered the drinks. - • You will have spent all the money. - • I will have taken the dog for a walk. - • She will have sold the car. - • They will have solved the problem. - • She will not have read the book. - • They will not have trusted him. - • He won't have rung Barbara. - • Will they have paid the bill? - • Will you have washed my socks? -
  • 15. • 1.Frank will have ordered the drinks. - The drinks will have been ordered by Frank. • 2.You will have spent all the money. - All the money will have been spent by you. • • 3.I will have taken the dog for a walk. - The dog will have been taken for a walk by me. • • 4.She will have sold the car. - The car will have been sold by her. • • 5.They will have solved the problem. - The problem will have been solved by them. • 6.She will not have read the book. - The book will not have been read by her. • • 7.They will not have trusted him. - He will not have been trusted by them. • 8.He won't have rung Barbara. - Barbara will not have been rung by him. • • 9.Will they have paid the bill? - Will the bill have been paid by them? • • 10.Will you have washed my socks? - Will my socks have been washed by you?
  • 16. Passive Voice - Exercise with Auxiliary Verbs • Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. • I can answer the question. - • She would carry the box. - • You should open the window. - • We might play cards. - • You ought to wash the car. - • He must fill in the form. - • They need not buy bread. - • He could not read the sentence. - • Will the teacher test our English? - • Could Jenny lock the door? -
  • 17. • Portal dolmens(be) ____________ancient tombs. • They(build) ____________about 6000 years ago. • In order to build such a tomb, ancient people(put) _________up big stones. • These standing stones then(form) ____________the walls. • Another huge stone, the cap stone,(place) __________on top of the other stones. • Finally, the tomb(have) _______________the form of a little chamber. • In that chamber, the dead person(bury)__________ . • Then the entrance to the tomb(close)____________ with another stone. • Nowadays, portal dolmens(see / can) _________in Ireland, Wales and Scotland. • They(call)______ portal dolmens because they (look) _____like a huge doorway (or portal
  • 18. • Portal dolmens are ancient tombs. • They were built about 6000 years ago. • In order to build such a tomb, ancient people put up big stones. • These standing stones then formed the walls. • Another huge stone, the cap stone, was placed on top of the other stones. • Finally, the tomb had the form of a little chamber. • In that chamber, the dead person was buried. • Then the entrance to the tomb was closed with another stone. • Nowadays, portal dolmens can be seen in Ireland, Wales and Scotland. • They are called portal dolmens because they look like a huge doorway (or portal).
  • 19. Gerunds: Verb + ing 1. Gerunds are used as subjects of sentences Drinking a lot of coffee might be harmful. Travelling helps us to explore the world. 2. Gerunds are used as objects after certain verbs: I usually avoid driving in the rush hour. She does not enjoy cooking after 5 o’ clock. 3. Use gerunds after prepositions The whole idea is about learning the new language
  • 20. • admit • avoid, • carry on • Consider • delay, • deny, detest, • dislike, • Enjoy • ,excuse • ,finish, • give up, • Imagine • ,involve, • keep on, • practise, • put off, • Save • Suggest • tolerate
  • 21. • She didn't tell me(do / what) • We asked a man(get / to the station / how) • We didn't know(go / this way or that way / whether) • She found out(queue / for the tickets / where) • I learnt(juggle / with three balls / how) • Fill in the gerund as the subject of the sentence. • (smoke) causes cancer. • (play) football is not allowed here. • (walk) in New York's Central Park at night can be dangerous. • (spend) your summer holidays watching TV is a waste of time. • (sleep) in is what we usually do on a Sunday.
  • 22. • . • She didn't tell me what to do. • We asked a man how to get to the station. • We didn't know whether to go this way or that way. • She found out where to queue for the tickets. • I learnt how to juggle with three balls. • Fill in the gerund as the subject of the sentence. • Smoking causes cancer. • Playing football is not allowed here. • Walking in New York's Central Park at night can be dangerous. • Spending your summer holidays watching TV is a waste of time. • Sleeping in is what we usually do on a Sunday.

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