Analogies 1-six-types-of-analogies

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Analogies 1-six-types-of-analogies

  1. 1. • SYNONYMS • ANTONYMS • OBJECT/ACTION • SOURCE/PRODUCT • PART/WHOLE • ANIMAL/HABITAT Analogies 1
  2. 2. Analogies An analogy compares two pairs of words that are related in the same way.
  3. 3. shovel : dig :: pencil : write This is an analogy because shovel and dig go together in the same way that pencil and write go together. HOW TO READ THIS ANALOGY “Shovel is to dig as pencil is to write.” or “Shovel goes with dig like pencil goes with write.”
  4. 4. Types of analogies There are many types of analogies. Some of the types are: Synonyms, Source/Product Antonyms, Part/Whole Object/Action, Animal Habitat NOTE: Possible solutions are provided for the exercises, but there are also other correct solutions to many of the analogies.
  5. 5. find : discover :: begin : start Find and discover go together because they both mean the same thing. They are synonyms. Begin and start also go together because they are synonyms. SYNONYMS
  6. 6. right : correct :: under: _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  7. 7. right : correct :: under: below Below is a correct answer because below is asynonym forunder.
  8. 8. Solve these analogies by adding synonyms. 1.back : rear :: flat : _____ 2.courageous : brave :: sly : _____ 3. small : little :: quiet : _____ 4. narrow : thin :: wealthy : _____ 5.terrifying : frightening :: calm : _____
  9. 9. Solutions back : rear :: flat : level courageous : brave :: sly : sneaky small : little :: quiet : silent narrow : thin :: wealthy : rich terrifying : frightening :: calm : peaceful
  10. 10. serious : funny :: huge : tiny Serious and funny go together because their meanings are opposite. They are antonyms. Huge and tiny also go together because they are antonyms. ANTONYMS
  11. 11. new : old :: narrow: _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  12. 12. new : old :: narrow: wide Wide is correct because wide is an antonym fornarrow.
  13. 13. Solve these analogies by adding antonyms. 1. open : close :: up :_____ 2. correct : mistaken :: dangerous : _____ 3.graceful : clumsy :: gentle :_____ 4.fiction : non-fiction :: toxic : _____ 5.credit : debit :: positive : _____
  14. 14. Solutions open : close :: up : down correct : mistaken :: dangerous : safe graceful : clumsy :: gentle : harsh fiction : non-fiction :: toxic : non-toxic credit : debit :: positive : negative
  15. 15. scissors : cut :: eraser :erase Scissors and cut go together because scissors is an object and cut is its action. Eraser and erase also go together because they are an object and its action. OBJECT/ACTION
  16. 16. eye : see:: nose : _____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  17. 17. eye : see :: nose : smell Smell is correct because smell is the action associated with a nose.
  18. 18. Solve these analogies by adding an action word. 1. ear : hear :: hand : _____ 2. rooster : crow :: lion : _____ 3. clock : tick :: bell : _____ 4.boat : float :: airplane : ____ 5.broom : sweep :: shovel : ____
  19. 19. Solutions 1. ear : hear :: hand : write 2. rooster : crow :: lion : roar 3. clock : tick :: bell : ring 4.boat : float :: airplane : fly 5.broom : sweep :: shovel : dig
  20. 20. Well and water go together because a well is a source where water is found. Beach and sand go together in the same way because a beach is a source where sand is found. SOURCE/PRODUCT well : water :: beach : sand
  21. 21. tree : lumber :: quarry : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  22. 22. tree : lumber :: quarry : stone Stone is correct because it is a product that comes from a quarry.
  23. 23. Solve these analogies by adding a product from each of the sources listed. 1.field : corn :: pond : ____ 2.mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : ____ 3.sheep : wool :: silkworm : ____ 4.palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : ____ 5. paddy : rice :: bog : ____
  24. 24. Solutions 1. field : corn :: pond : fish 2. mine : diamonds :: oyster shells : pearls 3. sheep : wool :: silkworm : silk 4. palm tree : coconuts :: maple tree : syrup 5. paddy : rice :: bog : cranberries
  25. 25. toe : foot :: finger : hand Toe and foot go together because a toe is part of a foot. Finger and hand also go together because a finger is part of a hand. PART/WHOLE
  26. 26. room : house :: chapter: ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  27. 27. room : house :: chapter: book Book is correct because a chapter is part of a book.
  28. 28. Solve these analogies by adding a whole that goes with the part. 1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : ____ 2.branch : tree :: boxcar : ____ 3.kernel : corn :: grain : ____ 4.leg : chair :: handle : ____ 5. word : sentence :: letter : ____
  29. 29. Solutions 1. steering wheel : automobile :: wing : airplane 2. branch : tree :: boxcar : train 3. kernel : corn :: grain : wheat 4. leg : chair :: handle : cup 5. word : sentence :: letter : word
  30. 30. spider : web :: bird : nest Spider and web go together because a spider is an animal and a web is its habitat. Bird and nest also go together because a bird is an animal and a nest is its habitat. ANIMAL/HABITAT
  31. 31. bat : cave :: bear : ____ Complete this analogy. Explain why your answer is correct.
  32. 32. bat : cave :: bear : den Den is correct because a bear lives in a den.
  33. 33. Solve these analogies by adding a habitat. 1. ant : hill :: bee : ____ 2. cattle : barn :: chicken : ____ 3. pig : sty :: horse : ____ 4. giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : ____ 5. toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : ____
  34. 34. Solutions 1. ant : hill :: bee : hive 2. cattle : barn :: chicken : coop 3. pig : sty :: horse : stable 4. giraffe : grasslands :: polar bear : tundra 5. toucan : rain forest :: bald eagle : temperate forest
  35. 35. Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. AntonymsSynonyms Object/Action sun : shine clock : tick laugh : cry pen : write give : receive right : correct transparent : opaque divide : multiply ambulance : rescue liquid : fluid shout : scream
  36. 36. Solution AntonymsSynonyms Object/Action right : correct liquid : fluid shout : scream sun : shine clock : tick pen : write ambulance : rescue laugh : cry give : receive transparent : opaque divide : multiply
  37. 37. Sort these pairs of words into the three categories below. Part/WholeSource/Product Animal/Habitat dime : dollar bead : necklace eagle : forest tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets horse : stable whale : ocean key : piano toe : foot bees : honey student : class
  38. 38. Solution Part/WholeSource/Product Animal/Habitat tree : walnuts stream : gold nuggets bees : honey dime : dollar bead : necklace key : piano toe : foot student : class eagle : forest horse : stable whale : ocean
  39. 39. Solve these analogies. Then, tell which type of analogy each one is: synonym, antonym, or object/action. 1. hand : touch :: eye : ____ 2. car : automobile :: ship : ____ 3. work : labor :: incinerate : ____ 4. failure : success :: mistaken : ____ 5. world : earth :: teacher : ____
  40. 40. Solutions hand : touch :: eye : see OBJECT/ACTION car : automobile :: ship : boat SYNONYMS work : labor :: incinerate : burn SYNONYMS failure : success :: mistaken : correct ANYONYMS world : earth :: teacher : instructor SYNONYMS
  41. 41. Solve these analogies. Then tell which type of analogy each one is: source/product, part/whole, or animal/habitat. 1.garden : tomatoes :: ocean : ____ 2.blade : ice skate :: wheel : ____ 3.button : shirt :: latch : ____ 4.Camel : desert :: crocodile : ____ 5.McDonald’s : hamburger :: Chick-fil-A : ____
  42. 42. Solutions 1. garden : tomatoes :: ocean : tuna SOURCE/PRODUCT 2. blade : ice skate :: wheel : skateboard PART/WHOLE 3. button : shirt :: latch : door PART/WHOLE 4. Camel : desert :: crocodile : swamp ANIMAL/HABITAT 5. McDonald’s : hamburger :: Chick-fil-A : nuggets SOURCE/PRODUCT
  43. 43. Review Questions 1. What is an analogy? 2. Name six types of analogies. 3. Give an example of each type.

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