This scandal involved aman named Roberto Calviincluded military officials and business men embezzling money was located in what country.
Hitler claimed this group was a group of“Jews and Freemasons”
This “affair” caused twodecades of anti Masonic movements
Some believe this guilty party was a Mason whohad a series of murders in the slums of London
This started with thefanciful invention ofFreemasonry called Palladism
7th President, born 1767,died 1829. Grand Master of Tennessee, 1822-23 Called nicknamed “Old Hickory”
11th President, born 1795; died 1849. Initiated, passed, and raised in Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tenn. Exalted aRoyal Arch Mason in La Fayette Chapter No. 4 at Columbia in 1825.
15th President, Born 1791; died 1868;(1857-1861). InitiatedDecember 11, 1816, in Lodge 43, at Lancaster, PA. Passed and raised in 1817. Junior Warden in 1821 and 1822. Master in 1825. Also DeputyGrand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.
17th President, born 1808 died 1875; initiated, passed and raised in Greeneville Lodge No. 119 now No. 3at Greeneville, Tenn. in 1851. Probably a member of Greeneville Chapter No.82 Royal Arch Masons, since he joined Nashville Commandery of KnightsTemplar No. 1 in 1859. He received the Scottish Rite degrees in the White House in 1867.
33rd President, Born May 8, 1884, Received thedegrees in Belton Lodge No 450; organized and became a charter member of Grandview No. 618. Served as both District Lecturer andDeputy Grand Master for several years. ElectedGrand Master of Masons in Missouri in 1940. Hedied on December 26 1972. On the 28th he was buried on his librarys grounds with impressive rites. These included the only Masonic funeral service ever televised worldwide.
Distinguished veteran of the War of1812 and Mexican War. General-in-Chief (Commanding General) of the U.S. Army since 1841. General-in-Chief, Brevet Lt. General and MajorGeneral until retired, November 1, 1861.
When learning of the plight of Brother Masons in Manila during WW2, heallowed the military mail to send over implements used to start Lodges Up, and even was instrumental in having confiscated property returned toBrother Masons in Manila and Japan.
known as ‘the soldiers general’, one of the most distinguished UScommanders of WW II. In 1943. After the war, was the first chairman of the new Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53). In1950 he was appointed general of the army. The M2/M3 infantry fighting vehicle, currently in service, is named after him.
French military leader. Born to an ancient noble family of great wealth, he was a courtier at the court of Louis XVI butsought glory as a soldier. In 1777 he went to America, was appointed a majorgeneral, became a close friend of GeorgeWashington, and fought with distinction atthe Battle of the Brandywine. He also was in command of the army in Virginia andhelp win the Siege of Yorktown. Hailed as "the Hero of Two Worlds,"
American soldier, diplomat and politician. He served as Secretary of State from 1947- 1949 and organized the European Recovery Plan for which he received the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.
Born Marion Morrison thisfamous Mason became one of the most popular actors of recent years. His manly roles helped define a generation.
The right angle of asquare, it symbolizes virtue.
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian,Tuscan and the Composite
Name of the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Qualifications for Masonic Membership
The "traitor", He was among thegreatest of military men fighting on the side of the Revolution and without whose service, the patriots might have easily lost their lives. He ultimately decided that the cause forwhich American patriots were fightingwas wrong and he defected to the side of the British.
Recognized as one of the greatestAmerican baseball players ever, his career is sometimes mentioned for itsunsportsmanlike conduct. He reportedlywould sit in the dugout filing his cleats andpointing with them at opposing players inorder to intimidate and gain an advantage. He reportedly had racist tendencies as well. Even so he was the very first player elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
In an event that at the time made headlines everywhere, this comedian during a live comedy sketch in Los Angeles on November 17, 2006engaged in a very offensive racist rant(self-described as "rage"). Unlike other actors and personalities who haveimmediately apologized and headed to "rehab", he has been alternatively apologetic and defensive.
He claimed to have invented the firstgasoline powered automobile in 1893 , mass-produced the first widely available and affordable motorcar. He changed the world. As he aged his activities cast a dark shadow which caused all of his former good to bequestioned. Believing that bankers and financiers were part of a world-wide Jewish conspiracy.
He came to the nations attention when he barredBlacks from attending the all-White University of Alabama. While he was defending the laws of his state, emergingsocial conscience judged his actions wrong.