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Vb.net session 09 Vb.net session 09 Presentation Transcript

  • Creating ComponentsObjectives In this lesson, students will learn to: • Identify the types of components • Identify the various stages in the life cycle of a component • Implement polymorphism in components • Use .NET COM components in VB.NET • Declare properties and methods for a component • Create a reference of the Component from the User Interface • Identify the role of assemblies in VB.NET ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 1 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsGetting Started with .NETComponents • A component is a binary executable built from a .NET project. • The component is referenced by applications seeking the services provided by the component. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 2 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsIntroducing Components • You can create the component once and reuse it whenever necessary. • You can also develop components as a third party provider. • When you use the components, you are not inheriting a class but using a binary code in your applications. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 3 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsTypes of Components • Components can be of three types: • In-built Components • The .NET class framework comes with in-built components, such as Timer and ServiceController. • You can use the components that come with the .NET class framework in your applications. • Component Classes • A class becomes a component when it follows defined standards of interaction. • All components derive from the Component class. • User Controls • User Controls can be defined as bundles of standard controls. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 4 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsCharacteristics of a Component • The name of a component class should be short and meaningful. It should be a combination of whole words with a capitalized initial character for each word. • You can control the use of a component by using proper access level for the constructors. • You can implement the IComponent interface to create a component. • You should group related components together in separate namespaces. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 5 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsLife Cycle of a Component • Components are initialized by constructors. • Initialization can be of two types: • Type initialization • Type initialization is achieved by using a shared constructor. • Shared constructor is called only once in the lifetime of a Visual Basic .NET application. • Instance initialization. • Instance initialization can be achieved by using constructors, which are not shared. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 6 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsPolymorphism in Components • The ability of a class to implement functions with the same name that are performing different actions depending on how they are called is known as polymorphism. • Polymorphism can be implemented by: • Implementing an interface. • Inheritance • Using abstract classes. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 7 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsImplementing Interfaces • An interface defines the behavior of a class. • An interface can declare properties, methods, and events. • An interface can be implemented by more than one class. • An interface can be declared as : Interface interfacename Sub functionname() End Interface ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 8 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsUsing .NET COM Components inVB.NET • Component Object Model (COM) was used in earlier versions of Visual Basic to create components. • Implementation of COM is called ActiveX. • The .NET supports COM and ActiveX objects for backward compatibility. • A COM component from .NET can be called in the following ways: • By converting the COM type library to a .NET assembly. • Using COM components directly. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 9 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsConverting COM Type Library to .NETAssembly • The tlbimp tool can be used to convert a COM type library to a .NET assembly. • Following options can be used with tlbimp tool: • out:FileName – specifies the name of the assembly to be produced. • Namespace:NameSpace – Specifies the namespace of the assembly to be produced. • AsmVersion:Version – Specifies version number of the assembly to be produced. • reference:FileName – Specifies the file name to be used to resolve references. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 10 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsUsing COM Components Directly • The Com components can be added directly through Solution Explorer in .NET. • Internally, an Runtime Callable Wrapper (RCW) is used to access the COM components. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 11 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsUsing COM+ with VB.NET • COM+ is the basic COM and a set of additional services. • COM+ programming is based on the following assumptions: • In COM+, clients program on the basis of Interfaces, not Classes. • Code is not linked statically. • Using Com+ components, you can focus on developing business logic. • A .NET component that takes advantage of COM+ services needs to be derived from the .NET base class ServicedComponent. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 12 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsProperties and Methods for aComponent • To create a component in .NET, the user needs to identify: • The type of component. • Properties for the component. • Methods for the component. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 13 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsUsing Constructors • A component can have the following types of constructors: • Public constructors. • Friend constructors. • Private constructors. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 14 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsAdding properties • Declaring a property allows you to control how a value is changed or read. • Calculated values can be shown as properties even when they are not stored as actual data in the class. • Property statement can also incorporate error handling. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 15 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsAdding methods • If a method is declared Private, only methods within the same class can call that method. • A method in a class is a procedure that performs some sort of operation on the data within the class and may or may not return. • A method is declared as: Public Function functionname() As Integer ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 16 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsReferencing the Component from theUser Interface • A component can be tested only by referencing it from another application. • A component can be referenced by using the Solution Explorer. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 17 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsRole of Assemblies in VB.NET • Concept of assemblies has been introduced in the .NET to counter the problems faced in DLL handling in previous versions. • An assembly usually consists of: • Manifest • This contains the information like name and version of the assembly. • Information about the files that the assembly uses, is also present in it. • Portable executable (PE) • This contains metadata, Intermediate Language (IL) and the type information. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 18 of 24
  • Creating Components Demo Using .NET Components ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 19 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsProblem Statement • Build a .NET DLL component ‘PickServerTime’ which can get the current date and time from the host computer and then use the component in another VB.NET application named as ConsumerApplication which will display the information. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 20 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsSolution • To build and use the ‘PickServerTime’ component in an application named as ‘ConsumerApplication’ , you need to perform the following steps: 1. Create a project. 2. Add properties and functions to the component. 3. Build the component. 4. Create a user interface to test the component. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 21 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsSummary In this lesson, you learned that: • A component is a reusable piece of code in binary form that can be used along with the components from other vendors, with relatively little effort. • Types of Components: • In-built components. • Component classes. • User controls. • A component goes through different stages once you deploy it. The constructors initialize components. • Initialization can be of two types: • Type initialization. • Instance initialization. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 22 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsSummary (Contd.) • In .NET programming environment, COM components are called: • By converting the COM type library to a .NET assembly. • By using COM components directly. • The tlbimp tool uses the metadata of a COM type library to do the conversion. • To create a component in .NET, the user firstly needs to identify the type of component and also its properties and methods. • In .NET programming environment, a component can have the following types of constructors: • Public constructor. • Friend constructor. • Private constructor • An assembly contains information about the files on which the component depends and the location of these files. • An assembly consists of a manifest and the portable executables (PE). ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 23 of 24
  • Creating ComponentsSummary (Contd.) • A manifest consists of information such as the name and version of the assembly. • A portable executable consists of the IL code, type information, and metadata. ©NIIT Creating and Managing Components Lesson 1A / Slide 24 of 24