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  • You need to tell about the types of scalability as given in page no 494 of CG.
  • You need to tell about types of distributed storage systems as given in page no 495 of Cg.
  • .
  • You need to tell about : Cluster implementations Single-Node Clusters Network load balancing As given in page no 498 of CG.
  • You need to : Explain the example given by the figure Advantages of NAS system as given in the page number 504 of CG.
  • You need to : Explain the example given by the figure Advantages of NAS system as given in the page number 504 of CG.
  • You need to : Explain the example given by the figure Advantages of NAS system as given in the page number 504 of CG.
  • .
  • To be done??
  • You need to tell about SAM as given in page number 518 of CG.
  • The edirectory is portable to Windows, Linux, and UNIX platforms, and supports the grafting and moving of directory trees
  • You need to tell the comparison between online and offline UPSs as given in page no 479 of CG.
  • To be modified
  • To be modified

Transcript

  • 1. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Objectives In this session, you will learn to: Identify requirements and technologies that are part of enterprise data storage implementations. Identify the tools and technologies used in implementing clustering. Identify the tools and technologies required for a NAS implementation. Identify the tools and technologies required for a SAN implementation. Identify major Microsoft network operating system software. Identify the features of various Novell NetWare versions. Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 1 of 43
  • 2. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Enterprise Data Storage Techniques The specific data storage technology implementations help in examining the general concepts and issues that play when planning and evaluating enterprise data storage solutions. The various issues that need to be considered while planning enterprise data storage solutions are: High Availability Scalability Distributed Storage Systems High Performance Drive Arrays Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 2 of 43
  • 3. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems High Availability • High availability is a rating that expresses how closely systems approach the goal of providing data availability 100 percent of the time while maintaining a high level of system performance. 99.999% uptime rating Windows Storage UNIX server system host Windows users Terminals Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 3 of 43
  • 4. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Scalability • Scalability is the ability of a system to grow smoothly to meet increasing demand without having to be replaced, reconfigured, or redesigned. Growth as demand increases Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 4 of 43
  • 5. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Distributed Storage Systems • A distributed storage system makes data stored in different physical locations appear to the user as a contiguous storage structure. Single view of data storage Data FS01Sales Sales Different FS02Marketing physical locations MKT FS03Accounting ACCT Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 5 of 43
  • 6. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems High Performance Drive Arrays • A high-performance drive array is any group of separate disks that are configured to work as a unit to improve performance, availability, and fault tolerance. Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 6 of 43
  • 7. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Clusters • A cluster is two or more servers that appear to the network as a single system. Appears as single system Heartbeat Heartbeat Common storage device Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 7 of 43
  • 8. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Active/Active Clustering Active/active clusters have all nodes online, constantly providing services. Active/active clusters have the greatest resource efficiency because all nodes service clients 50% of clients 50% of clients Normal operations 100% of clients Failover Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 8 of 43
  • 9. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Active/Passive Clustering • An active/passive cluster includes at least two nodes, at least one of which is in active mode and handles the full workload, while one node is a backup and does not own any resources in the cluster. 100% of clients Normal operations 100% of clients Failover Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 9 of 43
  • 10. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Fault-Tolerant Clustering • A fault-tolerant cluster, or high-availability cluster, is a general term for implementations that use clustering, RAID, redundant hardware, and other technologies to achieve five times of uptime. Simultaneous processing Normal operations Instantaneous failover Failover Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 10 of 43
  • 11. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Network-Attached Storage (NAS) The various tools and technologies required for a network- attached system (NAS) are: NAS Systems NAS Operating Systems and Protocols NAS Connection Options Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 11 of 43
  • 12. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems NAS Systems • A network-attached storage (NAS) system is a specialized file server designed and dedicated to support only data storage needs. Windows UNIX NAS Apache Novell web server NetWare Some examples of NAS systems include: IBM TotalStorage NAS Gateway Iomega NAS 200m and Iomega NAS 300m storage servers HP ProLiant storage server line Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 12 of 43
  • 13. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems NAS Operating Systems and Protocols NAS appliances use a custom microkernel written specifically to control the storage hardware while some other appliances use network operating systems such as Windows server 2003 or Linux. Windows UNIX Access through NFS, SMB NAS Minimal operating system Apache Novell web server NetWare Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 13 of 43
  • 14. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems NAS Connection Options Clients can access NAS directly or through a server that provides connectivity to the NAS. Client accesses directly Client accesses through server Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 14 of 43
  • 15. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Storage Area Network (SAN) Implementations The various tools and technologies required for a SAN implementation are: Storage Area Networks Fibre Channel Fibre Channel Topologies SANs over TCP/IP Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 15 of 43
  • 16. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Storage Area Networks • A storage area network (SAN) is a special-purpose high- speed network that is dedicated to data storage. SAN Production network Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 16 of 43
  • 17. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Fibre Channel • Fibre Channel is a hardware-focused data transport method designed and developed specifically for high-speed communication among servers and mass storage devices. SAN Fibre Channel switch Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 17 of 43
  • 18. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Fibre Channel Topologies • Fibre Channel can be implemented in three different topologies, such as: Direct connection Arbitrated loop Switched fabric Tx Rx Tx Rx Rx Tx Tx Rx Tx = Transmit Rx = Receive Tx Tx Rx Tx Rx Rx Tx Rx Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 18 of 43
  • 19. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems SANs over TCP/IP • SANs can be implemented over TCP/IP using other network transport technologies such as ATM or high-speed Ethernet. • SANs provide lower-cost solution for small and medium sized networks. • SANs help to share a common data storage location that helps to keeps distributed data synchronized. Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 19 of 43
  • 20. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Microsoft Operating Systems The various Microsoft network operating system software are: Windows Server 2003 Windows XP Active Directory The Active Directory Structure Workgroup Membership Domain Membership Windows File Systems Other Windows Servers Older Windows Server Versions Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 20 of 43
  • 21. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Windows Server 2003 Features of Windows Server 2003 are: Active Directory service Integrated network services (DNS, DHCP) Advanced networking features (clustering, PKI) User and group security on file and object level Advanced security features (encryption, firewall, IPSec) Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 21 of 43
  • 22. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Windows XP Features of Windows XP are : Recommended for Active Directory or small-office environments Peer-to-peer networking Secure logons File and folder security Resource sharing Home and Professional editions Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 22 of 43
  • 23. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Active Directory • Active Directory is Microsoft’s LDAP-compatible enterprise directory service storing all user accounts, resources, and services in a centralized manner. Accounts Resources Active Directory Domain controller Services Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 23 of 43
  • 24. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems The Active Directory Structure • The components of the Active Directory structure are: Domain Tree Forest Organizational Unit (OU) Domain controller (DC) Other directory objects Forest ourglobalcompany.com www.citizensinfo.org Tree Trust Domain marketing. manufacturing. ourglobalcompany.com ourglobalcompany.com OU Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 24 of 43
  • 25. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Workgroup Membership • Windows workgroups are arbitrary peer-to-peer groupings of computers under a common naming scheme to simplify the network view and facilitate resource location. User accounts User accounts User accounts Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 25 of 43
  • 26. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Activity 15-1 Activity on Configuring Workgroup Membership Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 26 of 43
  • 27. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Domain Membership Features of computer domain membership, are : Computer account object User can log on to domain Domain security & policy Domain accounts added to local groups Domain controller Active Directory Domain member Domain Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 27 of 43
  • 28. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Activity 15-2 Activity on Joining a Domain Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 28 of 43
  • 29. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Windows File Systems • Windows Server and Windows XP computers support two types of file systems: NTFS: Various features are: • Permissions • Encryption • Compression • Journaling NTFS • Disk quotas • Large file sizes • Small cluster sizes File Allocation Table (FAT) and FAT32: Various features are: • Legacy file systems • Support dual-boot to DOS • FAT for small drives, floppy disks • FAT32 enhanced for larger drives FAT/FAT32 • No security, encryption, compression Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 29 of 43
  • 30. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Other Windows Servers • Some of the most common Windows servers include: Exchange Server ISA Server SharePoint Portal Server SQL Server Systems Management Server SharePoint Exchange Server ISA Server SQL Server Systems Portal Server Management Server Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 30 of 43
  • 31. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Older Windows Server Versions The older Windows server versions are: Windows 2000 Server Windows NT 4.0 Windows NT 3.5x Windows 2000 Server Windows NT 4.0 Windows NT 3.5x Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 31 of 43
  • 32. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Activity 15-3 Activity on Installing and Using Windows Administrative Tools Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 32 of 43
  • 33. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems NetWare 6.x • NetWare is the proprietary network operating system from Novell, Inc. • NetWare version 6.5 includes: LDAP-compliant eDirectory directory service TCP/IP networking Novell iManager web administrative tool Snapshot data backups Novell iPrint web printing Novell iFolder web file access Many advanced reliability and security features and services Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 33 of 43
  • 34. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems NetWare Loadable Modules (NLMs) • NLMs are software modules that run on NetWare servers and extend the core network and application functionality of the operating system. • There are four categories of NLMS: Disk drivers LAN drivers Name space modules Disk drivers NLM utilities LAN drivers Name spaces Utilities Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 34 of 43
  • 35. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Novell eDirectory • Novell eDirectory is Novell’s standards-based, enterprise- level directory service. Hierarchical tree database Novell eDirectory directory service NetWare server Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 35 of 43
  • 36. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems The eDirectory Tree Structure The top of the eDirectory is the directory tree, which is installed automatically when you install the first NetWare server and represents an administrative boundary. Tree Other container Organization objects (OUs) Organizational unit Leaf objects (groups, users, etc.) Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 36 of 43
  • 37. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Novell Client Software Novell client software provides: Authentication to the users eDirectory resources and services Authenticate Access eDirectory Novell client NetWare server Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 37 of 43
  • 38. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Novell Storage Services (NSS) • Features of NSS are : Unlimited volume size Server disk drive Eight trillion files Eight-terabyte file size NSS volume 255 NSS volumes per server Directories PRCHSNG MKTG Subdirectories REGIONAL NATIONAL Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 38 of 43
  • 39. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Novell Distributed Print Services (NDPS) • NDPS combines the functions of print server, print queue, and printer object into a single eDirectory object called a printer agent. NDPS Novell client printer agent Printer Print queue Printer object Print server Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 39 of 43
  • 40. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Early NetWare Versions Prior versions of NetWare each had specific capabilities and features, such as: Version Key Features •Native TCP/IP NetWare 5.x •Integrated DHCP/DNS •ConsoleOne •NDS NetWare 4.x •Novell Client32 •NetWare Administrator •Bindery NetWare 3.x •NLMs •Syscon •NCP NetWare 2.x •Intel x86 compatible •Earliest form NetWare/ShareNet •Proprietary IBM hardware Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 40 of 43
  • 41. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Summary In this session, you learned that: • The various issues that need to be considered while planning enterprise data storage solutions are: High Availability Scalability Distributed Storage Systems High Performance Drive Arrays A cluster is two or more servers that appear to the network as a single system. The various types of clustering are: • Active/Active Clustering • Active/Passive Clustering • Fault-Tolerant Clustering Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 41 of 43
  • 42. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Summary (Contd.) The tools and technologies required for a network-attached system (NAS) are: • NAS Systems • NAS Operating Systems and Protocols • NAS Connection Options The tools and technologies required for a SAN implementation are: • Storage Area Networks • Fibre Channel • Fibre Channel Topologies • SANs over TCP/IP Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 42 of 43
  • 43. CompTIA N+ Certification: Network Data Storage and Network Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationOperating Systems Summary (Contd.) The various Microsoft network operating system software are: • Windows Server 2003 Windows XP • Active Directory • The Active Directory Structure • Workgroup Membership • Domain Membership • Windows File Systems • Other Windows Servers • Older Windows Server Versions • NetWare is the proprietary network operating system from Novell, Inc. • NLMs are software modules that run on NetWare servers and extend the core network and application functionality of the operating system. • Novell eDirectory is Novell’s standards-based, enterprise-level directory service. Ver. 1.0 Session 11 Slide 43 of 43