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  • To be discussed….
  • To be discussed….
  • You need to tell about: AppleTalk networks as given in Page no 264 in CG. Interoperability between Windows and AppleTalk as given in Page no 265 in CG.
  • You need to tell about : Difference between routers and switches. Software-Based routing in Windows Server. Small Office Routers. as given the page no 284 of CG.
  • You need to explain AS through the example as given in page no. 285 of CG.
  • You need to tell about the route command as given in the page no 297 of CG.
  • You need to tell about the difference between Link-state and Dynamic routing as given in page no 300 of CG.
  • You need to tell about RIP Vs. OSPF as given in the page no. 304 of CG.
  • You need to tell about advantages of VLAN as given in page no. 310 in CG.
  • To be modified
  • To be modified

Transcript

  • 1. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Objectives In this session, you will learn to: Identify the characteristics of a NetBEUI protocol implementation. Identify the characteristics of an IPX/SPX protocol implementation. Identify the characteristics of an AppleTalk protocol implementation. Identify the components of an IPv6 implementation. Identify the functions of bridges and switches in LAN networking. Identify the components of LAN routing topology. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 1 of 53
  • 2. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Objectives (Contd.) Identify the components of a static routing implementation. Identify the components of a dynamic routing implementation. Identify the methods for controlling data movement with filters and VLANs. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 2 of 53
  • 3. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The NetBEUI Protocol • NetBIOS Extended User Interface (NetBEUI) is a legacy protocol commonly found in older Windows networks. • NetBEUI has the following features: Implemented at the Data-link Layer of the OSI model. Requires no administrative configuration. Identifies each node by NetBIOS node name and by node’s MAC address. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 3 of 53
  • 4. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The NetBEUI Protocol (Contd.) • NetBEUI is supported by Windows for: Workgroups Windows NT 3.1 Client1 Client2 00-60-08-cd-34-64 00-60-08-cd-34-52 NetBEUI Server1 Client3 00-aa-00-62-c6-09 00-80-5b-a3-8d-a8 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 4 of 53
  • 5. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The IPX/SPX • Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange (IPX/SPX) is a proprietary, routable network protocol developed by Novell for use in versions 3 and 4 of the Novell NetWare network operating system. • IPX/SPX protocol includes two protocols: IPX SPX IPX/SPX protocol has the following features: Routable Multilayered Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 5 of 53
  • 6. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The IPX/SPX (Contd.) OSI model Application Presentation Session Transport SPX Network Data-link IPX Physical Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 6 of 53
  • 7. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure IPX/SPX Node Addresses All IPX/SPX nodes are assigned a 12-byte IPX internetwork number represented by 24 hexadecimal digits, as: 8 hex digits: Represents the external network address and the cable segment 12 hex digits: Represents the node address and is unique to each network adapter. 4 hex digits: Represents the socket number representing the service or application running on the node. AAAAAAAA 00001B1EA1A1 0451 IPX external network number Node number Socket number Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 7 of 53
  • 8. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure IPX/SPX Server Addresses Servers on an IPX/SPX network are uniquely identified by: Eight-character name Eight-digit hexadecimal internal network number FileServ Route from internal address to CAB04F01 multiple external addresses AAAAAAAA BBBBBBBB CCCCCCCC Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 8 of 53
  • 9. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure IPX Frame Types There are four IPX/SPX frame types, each corresponding to a different Ethernet standard. The following table lists the various types of IPX/SPX frame types available: Frame Type Description IEEE 802.2 Preferred frame type for Netware 3.12 and later. IEEE 802.3 Preferred frame type for NetWare 3.11 and earlier. Ethernet II Ethernet version that preceded IEEE 802.x. Ethernet SNAP Used for AppleTalk connectivity. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 9 of 53
  • 10. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 8-2 Activity on Installing the NWLink Protocol Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 10 of 53
  • 11. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure AppleTalk • AppleTalk is a routable protocol found in older Macintosh networks. Zone B Zone A Network Socket Node Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 11 of 53
  • 12. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure AppleTalk Addressing There is a different addressing scheme for each of the AppleTalk network components, such as: Zones Networks (non-extended) Networks (extended) Nodes Sockets Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 12 of 53
  • 13. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The AppleTalk Protocol Suite The AppleTalk protocol suite consists of a number of related protocols, some of which function in the upper OSI layers and others in lower OSI layers. OSI model AppleTalk protocol suite Application AppleTalk Filing Protocol Presentation (AFP) AppleTalk Data Zone AppleTalk Printer Session Stream Protocol Information Session Protocol Access Protocol (ADSP) Protocol (ZIP) (ASP) (PAP) AppleTalk AppleTalk Transport Transaction Echo Protocol Protocol (ATP) (AEP) Datagram Delivery Protocol (DDP) Network AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol (AARP) Ethertalk Link LocalTalk Link TokenTalk Link FDDITalk Link Data-link Access Protocol Access Protocol Access Protocol Access Protocol (ELAP) (LLAP) (TLAP) (FLAP) IEEE 802.3 LocalTalk Token Ring FDDI Physical Hardware Hardware IEEE 802.5 Hardware Hardware Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 13 of 53
  • 14. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure AppleTalk and TCP/IP Interoperability Legacy AppleTalk networks can interoperate with TCP/IP- based networks. Apple and other third-party vendors provide AppleTalk over IP support to enable AppleTalk clients to communicate with servers on TCP/IP networks. TCP/IP is supported natively in current Macintosh operating systems. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 14 of 53
  • 15. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 8-3 Activity on Installing the AppleTalk Protocol Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 15 of 53
  • 16. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure AppleTalk and TCP/IP Interoperability (Contd.) The AppleShare IP file-sharing service enables AppleShare servers to provide web, file, and print resources to clients on TCP/IP networks. AppleShare IP AppleTalk over IP Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 16 of 53
  • 17. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The IP Version 4 (IPv4) Address Space IP version 4 (IPv4) is the current version of TCP/IP. Limitations of IPv4 are: The 32-bit address space. The division of the address space into fixed classes. The depletion of Class A and Class B network address assignments. The unassigned and unused address ranges within existing Class A and Class B blocks. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 17 of 53
  • 18. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure IPv6 IP version 6, or IPv6, is a proposed Internet standard that increases the available pool of IP addresses by implementing a 128-bit binary address space. IPv6 has the following features: Simplified headers Hierarchical addressing Time-sensitive data support Unicast address structure IPv6 128-bit address space Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 18 of 53
  • 19. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure IPv6 Addresses The IPv6 128-bit decimal address space is divided into eight 16-bit blocks, which are expressed in hexadecimal, and divided by colons, such as: • 128-bit decimal address: 11111110100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 00000000 00000010011000000000100011111111111111101100110100110100 01010010 • Divided into eight 16-bit blocks: 1111111010000000.0000000000000000.0000000000000000.000000 0000000000. 0000001001100000.0000100011111111.1111111011001101.001101 0001010010 • Expressed in hexadecimal: fe80:00000000:00000000:00000000:0260:08ff:fecd:3452 • Blocks of 0s are compressed: fe80::260:8ff:fecd:3452 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 19 of 53
  • 20. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 8-4 Activity on Installing IPv6 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 20 of 53
  • 21. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The Bridge Routing Table • Bridges captures the source data for each data packet that is sent on the local network. • Bridge dynamically builds a bridge routing table of all the source MAC addresses on each of its interfaces. Local table for Int 1 Local table for Int 2 3B-07-81-15-AC-10 3B-07-81-82-46-AC 3B-07-81-72-12-A1 3B-07-81-A3-29-37 3B-07-81-29-81-83 3B-07-81-91-76-80 Bridge 3B-07-81-15-AC-10 3B-07-81-82-46-AC 3B-07-81-72-12-A1 3B-07-81-A3-29-37 3B-07-81-29-81-83 3B-07-81-91-76-80 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 21 of 53
  • 22. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Bridge Broadcasting Broadcasts don’t have a single address therefore bridge sends internetwork broadcasts to every interface, resulting in: Heavy broadcast traffic Broadcast Unicast Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 22 of 53
  • 23. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Types of Bridges There are several types of bridges that you can deploy in your network, such as: Transparent: Connects networks of the same type Source-route: Connects Token Rings networks Translational: Connects dissimilar network types Remote: Connects different networks across a remote connection Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 23 of 53
  • 24. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Switch Performance Switch performance is increased by: Hardware implementation of the filtering algorithm that reduces unwanted traffic while flooding broadcasts. Isolating the traffic between two ports. Switch is connected as shown in the following figure: Eight-port switch Client 1 Server 1 Server 2 Client 2 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 24 of 53
  • 25. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure The Routing Process Router is a common LAN infrastructure device having the capability of connecting with Internet. The following figure shows the routing process: MAC address changes on each hop Subnet 1 Subnet 2 Subnet 3 Source Destination 100.1.10.19 200.6.42.7 Destination IP address does not change Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 25 of 53
  • 26. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Autonomous Systems (AS) • AS is a self-contained network or group of networks connected to the Internet that deploys a single protocol and has a single administration. Autonomous System 1 Autonomous Autonomous System 2 System 3 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 26 of 53
  • 27. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Router Roles in Autonomous Systems Routers can play three different roles in autonomous systems. Autonomous Interior routers Autonomous System 1 on AS 1 System 1 Autonomous Autonomous Border routers System 2 System 3 between AS1 and AS3 Autonomous Autonomous System 2 System 3 Routers on AS 3 are exterior to AS 1 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 27 of 53
  • 28. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Router Roles in Autonomous Systems (Contd.) The routers can play the following roles in AS: Interior router: Are arranged inside the AS and are completely controlled by the AS administrator Exterior router: Are arranged entirely outside the AS Border router: Are situated on the edge of AS and have more than one interface inside the AS Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 28 of 53
  • 29. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 9-2 Activity on Installing Multiple Network Adapters Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 29 of 53
  • 30. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 9-3 Activity on Enabling Routing on Windows Server 2003 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 30 of 53
  • 31. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Static IP Routing • Static routing is a process in which the network administrator has to manually configure the routing table for successful forwarding of the packets. • Static routing is generally deployed on small networks as compared to the medium and large sized networks. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 31 of 53
  • 32. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Routing Tables • A routing table is a database created manually or by a route discovery protocol that contains network locations as perceived by a specific router. 140.240.0.0 192.233.66.0 135.54.0.0 126.0.0.0 1 2 1 2 1 2 140.240.20.254 192.233.66.253 192.233.66.254 135.54.20.254 135.54.15.254 126.0.0.254 Routing table on router A Destination Next Hop Type Cost Interface 140.240.0.0 140.240.20.254 Direct 1 1 192.233.66.0 192.233.66.253 Direct 1 2 135.54.0.0 192.233.66.254 Remote 2 2 126.0.0.0 192.233.66.254 Remote 3 2 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 32 of 53
  • 33. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Routing Entry Components There are several components to each entry in a routing table, such as: Network destination Netmask Gateway Interface Metric Network ID Mask for Address of Local port Route cost of destination this entry first hop address (in hops) Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 33 of 53
  • 34. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Routing Table Entries Routing table entries fall into four general categories: Direct network routes: Are for the subnets to which the router is directly attached Remote network routes: Are subnets that are not directly attached to the router Host routes: Are for the routes to a specific IP address Default routes: Are used when a better network or host route isn’t found Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 34 of 53
  • 35. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 9-4 Activity on Examining Routing Entries Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 35 of 53
  • 36. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Dynamic Routing • Dynamic routing is a process in which router configures the routing table themselves. • Dynamically built routing tables provide more accurate picture of the routing table. Route discovery builds routing tables Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 36 of 53
  • 37. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Distance-Vector Routing In distance-vector routing: Each router passes a copy of its routing table to its adjacent neighbors which in turn as the route to its own table. The distance is given as a hop count. When a router has two routes to the same network, the router selects the one with the lowest metric. Distance-vector routing algorithm is implemented by configuring the router to local interfaces. Hop Hop Endpoint 1 Endpoint 2 Cost based on hops to endpoint Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 37 of 53
  • 38. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Link-State Routing In Link-State routing : Builds and maintains a more complex route database with more information about the network. Routers can exchange information about the router, such as: Quality Bandwidth Availability Hop 1 Hop 2 T1 T1 Endpoint 1 Hop 1 Endpoint 2 Dial-up line Possible routes: 2 hops by T1 lines: metric = 20 1 hop by dial-up: metric = 200 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 38 of 53
  • 39. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Convergence Convergence is the period of time between the network change and the router updates in dynamic routing. Data delivery can be unreliable during convergence. Still thinks Network becomes route is good unreachable Convergence Change Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 39 of 53
  • 40. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Count-to-infinity Loops • A count-to-infinity loop can occur when a router or network goes down if one of the remaining routers does not realize that a route can no longer be reached. • Count-to-infinity problem can be prevented by: Split horizon Poison reverse Router 3: One hop from Router 4 fails; Router 2: Two hops router 2; calculates three network E is from network E hops from network E unreachable Network A Network B Network C Network D Network E Router 1 Router 2 Router 3 Router 4 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 40 of 53
  • 41. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Routing Loops • Routing loops occur when two routers discover different routes to the same location that include each other but never reach the endpoint. • Routing loops can be prevented by proper router configuration. Router B knows multiple routes to router D Router B Router A Router D Endpoint 1 Endpoint 2 Router C Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 41 of 53
  • 42. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Router Discovery Protocols • Router discovery protocols are the language that routers use to talk to each other, such as: Routing Information Protocol (RIP): Is a simple distance-vector protocol that works well within a simple AS RIPII: Supports the following features: • Next Hop Addressing • Authentication • Subnet mask • Multicast packet • Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP): Is a distance-vector routing protocol that works with interior router within AS • Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP): Supports features such as classful and classless subnet masks • Open Shortest Path First (OSPF): Is used to build the shortest possible path to destinations on the internetwork Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 42 of 53
  • 43. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 9-5 Activity on Implementing Dynamic Routing Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 43 of 53
  • 44. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Data Filtering with Routers Routers provide filtering of data at layer 3 of the OSI model by : Making decisions to block or pass data based on the: • Network ID • Node ID • Port number • Filtering either input or output. Data not allowed into interface Input filtering Data to be filtered Data not allowed out of interface Output filtering Data to be filtered Data allowed out of interface Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 44 of 53
  • 45. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Virtual LANs (VLANs) • VLAN is a point-to-point logical network with no real physical characteristics and is implemented with VLAN switch. Point-to-point connections VLAN switch Point-to-point connections Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 45 of 53
  • 46. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure VLAN Switch Functions VLAN switch builds a network by: Physical segmentation Subnet 1 Subnet 2 Subnet 3 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 46 of 53
  • 47. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure VLAN Switch Functions (Contd.) Logical segmentation VLAN switch VLAN 10 VLAN 30 VLAN 20 Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 47 of 53
  • 48. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Layer 2 VLAN Operation • In layer 2 of OSI model operation, each VLAN interface is a switched port so each node is tied to a contention domain of one. • A VLAN switch passes only data bound for the MAC address on the port, and broadcasts for the node’s subnet. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 48 of 53
  • 49. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Layer 3 VLAN Operation • In layer 3 of OSI model operation, an administrator groups nodes together and the nodes are assigned a VLAN identifier inside the switch. • The VLSN identifier is used to segment the network into its subnets. • The logical subnets determine the broadcast domains and the data filters. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 49 of 53
  • 50. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Routing in a VLAN • When a VLAN switch receives data, it routes the data based on the destination IP address. • There are no local routes more than two hops away. • Exterior routes sent to a default gateway and routed to distant networks. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 50 of 53
  • 51. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Activity 9-6 Activity on Implementing Data Filtering Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 51 of 53
  • 52. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Summary In this session, you learned that: • NetBEUI is a legacy protocol commonly found in older Windows networks. • IPX/SPX is a proprietary, routable network protocol developed by Novell for use in versions 3 and 4 of the Novell NetWare network operating system. • AppleTalk is a routable protocol found in older Macintosh networks. • IP version 6, or IPv6, is a proposed Internet standard that increases the available pool of IP addresses by implementing a 128-bit binary address space. • Bridge dynamically builds a bridge routing table of all the source MAC addresses on each of its interfaces. • AS is a self-contained network or group of networks connected to the Internet that deploys a single protocol and has a single administration. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 52 of 53
  • 53. CompTIA N+ Certification: Other Network Protocols and Local Area Installing Windows XP Professional Using Attended InstallationNetwork (LAN) Infrastructure Summary (Contd.) – Static routing is a process in which the network administrator has to manually configure the routing table for successful forwarding of the packets. – Dynamic routing is a process in which router configures the routing table themselves. – VLAN is a point-to-point logical network with no real physical characteristics and is implemented with VLAN switch. Ver. 1.0 Session 7 Slide 53 of 53