The changing face of transnational
education: new forms of transnational
partnership
Professor Nigel Healey
Pro-Vice-Chanc...
Overview
• What is transnational education
(TNE)?
• What are the main ‘types’ of TNE?
• Why classify TNE?
• How is TNE cha...
What is TNE?
• “Any teaching or learning activity in which the students are in a
different country to that in which the in...
Types of TNE (1): by activity
1. Distance-learning
2. International branch campus
3. Franchise/twinning
4. Validation
4
Types of TNE (2): by mode of delivery (GATS)
5
GATS terminology Transnational education variant
Mode 1 — Cross border
supp...
How big is TNE (a UK perspective)?
2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13
Overseas campus 7,120 9,885 11,410 12,3...
Why classify TNE?
• Choice of market entry (international business)
• Risk (quality assurance)
• Control (host government)...
Choice of market entry (international
business: stages approach)
8
Distance
learning
Franchise
Validation
International
Br...
Risk (quality assurance)
9
Control (host government)
10
How is TNE changing?
• Analysis of 30 TNE case studies gathered from around the
world through www.linkedin.com
• Analysis ...
12
08 May 2014 13
08 May 2014 14
15
16
17
Limits of existing typologies
18
…and some TNE partnerships off the radar
Classify TNE according to the source of the risk
19
Classify according to the motivation for the
TNE partnership
• Spectrum 1: Regional access vs stand-alone outposts
• Spect...
Conclusions
• TNE partnerships are becoming increasingly complex,
multidimensional and innovative
• Existing typologies ar...
Further reading on TNE typologies
• Healey, N. (2014), Towards a risk-based typology for
transnational education, Higher E...
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The changing face of transnational education: new forms of transnational partnership

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Transnational education (TNE) or cross-border education has been a growth area over the last decade. Existing typologies classify TNE either by the nature of the activity (eg, distance learning, franchise, and validation) or the part of the activity which is moving across borders (eg, programme mobility, institutional mobility). By analysing a large number of transnational partnerships around the world, this presentation illustrates the way that transnational partnerships are becoming increasingly multidimensional, blurring the boundaries between one type and another. It proposes new approaches to classifying types of transnational partnership.

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The changing face of transnational education: new forms of transnational partnership

  1. 1. The changing face of transnational education: new forms of transnational partnership Professor Nigel Healey Pro-Vice-Chancellor (International) 7 May 2014
  2. 2. Overview • What is transnational education (TNE)? • What are the main ‘types’ of TNE? • Why classify TNE? • How is TNE changing? • Alternative ways of classifying TNE 2
  3. 3. What is TNE? • “Any teaching or learning activity in which the students are in a different country to that in which the institutional providing the education is based” (Global Alliance for Transnational Education, 1997) • “All types of higher education study programmes, sets of study courses, or educational services (including those of distance education) in which the learners are located in a country different from the one where the awarding institution is based” (Council of Europe, 2002) 3
  4. 4. Types of TNE (1): by activity 1. Distance-learning 2. International branch campus 3. Franchise/twinning 4. Validation 4
  5. 5. Types of TNE (2): by mode of delivery (GATS) 5 GATS terminology Transnational education variant Mode 1 — Cross border supply Programme mobility: distance or on- line education Mode 2 — Consumption abroad Student mobility: export education Mode 3 — Commercial presence Institutional mobility: • International branch campus • franchise • validated partner Mode 4 — Presence of natural persons Staff mobility: fly-in/fly-out programmes
  6. 6. How big is TNE (a UK perspective)? 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 Overseas campus 7,120 9,885 11,410 12,305 15,140 17,525 Distance learning 100,345 112,345 114,985 113,065 116,520 123,635 Other students registered at HEI 59,895 68,595 74,360 86,630 96,060 103,795 Overseas partner organisation 29,240 197,185 207,790 291,575 342,910 353,375 Other 70 35 50 125 345 600 Total 196,670 388,045 408,595 503,700 570,925 598,930 Source: HESA
  7. 7. Why classify TNE? • Choice of market entry (international business) • Risk (quality assurance) • Control (host government) 7
  8. 8. Choice of market entry (international business: stages approach) 8 Distance learning Franchise Validation International Branch Campus
  9. 9. Risk (quality assurance) 9
  10. 10. Control (host government) 10
  11. 11. How is TNE changing? • Analysis of 30 TNE case studies gathered from around the world through www.linkedin.com • Analysis of 40 QAA reports of TNE partnerships: – China (2012) – Singapore (2011) – Malaysia (2010) – India (2009) – First three are the three largest TNE markets, India is the market with the most potential 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 08 May 2014 13
  14. 14. 08 May 2014 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Limits of existing typologies 18 …and some TNE partnerships off the radar
  19. 19. Classify TNE according to the source of the risk 19
  20. 20. Classify according to the motivation for the TNE partnership • Spectrum 1: Regional access vs stand-alone outposts • Spectrum 2: Subject specialism vs multidisciplinary partnerships • Spectrum 3: Research-led vs teaching-led partnerships 20
  21. 21. Conclusions • TNE partnerships are becoming increasingly complex, multidimensional and innovative • Existing typologies are increasingly unable to keep up with developments (microcosm of challenges of globalisation generally – eg, for tax law, environmental control) • Alternative typologies can be based on: – Risk – Purpose of TNE partnership 21
  22. 22. Further reading on TNE typologies • Healey, N. (2014), Towards a risk-based typology for transnational education, Higher Education, (DOI) 10.1007/s10734-014-9757-6 • Healey, N. and Michael, L. (2014), Towards a new framework for analysing transnational education, Higher Education Policy (in press)

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