‘Existentialism in the ‘waiting for Godot’
paper: ‘Modernist Literature’
S. t. d: M.A(sem-3)
kunvarani Nidhi k
Department of English
Bhavsinhji University .
‘Existentialism’ is a
noun and it is ‘a
individuals’ freedom to
choose their own
- ‘Oxford English
Definition of the ‘Existentialism’
“Jean Paul Sartre and Albert
Camus,to view each man as an
isolated being who is cast ignominiously
into an alien universe, to Conceive the
universe as possessing no inherent
human truh, value,or meaning, and to
represent man’s life,as it moves from
the nothingness cohence it came
toward the nothingness where it must
end, as an existence which is both
anguish and absurd.”
-A GLOSSARY OF
LITERARY TERMS by M. H.
ABRAMS .(Third Edition)
“If I do not reveal my views on justice in
words, I do so by my conduct.”
Albert Camus(Myth of Sisyphus)
“The only hope know that there is
Saren Kierkegaard“’Spheres’ of existence or ’Stages on life’s
Jean Paul Sartre‘Free organic individual.’
Friedrich Nietzsche‘Become what you are’.
Martin Heidegger“Heidegger calls man/ Dasein ‘the shepherd of
Edmund Husseri(Founder of the
“This was a false problem, for there is no
inside/outside for consciousness”.
Rene Descartes“I think there for I am”.
Karl Jaspers1).Why do we exist?
2).Why is there anything at all rather than
Gabriel Marcel“Metaphysically Speaking, the only
Genuine hope is hope in what does not depend
on ourselves, hope springing from humility and
not from pride”.
Themes of ‘Existentialism’
Existence precedes essence.
Time is of the essence.
Ethical considerations are
‘waiting for Godot’ as an Absurd
‘Waiting for Godot’ (1949)by Samuel Beckett.
Divided in to two parts.
Two splendid: ESTRAGON-VLADIMIR, Pozzo LUCKY.
Pessimism, nothingness, Individualism, alienat
ion, anguish and rootlessness and a lot
meaningless and endless ‘Waiting’.
‘Existentialism’ in the ‘Waiting for Godot’
ESTRAGON: Nothing to be done.(p.39)
VLADIMIR: I’m beginning to come r ound to that
opinion. All my life I’ve tried to put it from
me, saying, Vladimir, be reasonable you
haven’t yet tried everything. And, I resumed
the struggle. so there you are again.
The word ‘Nothing’ and ‘haven’ t showed ‘Existentialism’ as
ESTRAGON: Am I ?(p.39)
In this dialogue ‘I’ represents ‘individuality’ in context of
VLADIMIR: When I think of it…all these years ….but for
me…where would you be…?
You’d be nothing more than a little heap of bones
at the present minute, no doubt about it.(p.39)
In this dialogue ‘nothing’, ’no doubt’ shows ‘hopelessness’
and ‘meaninglessness’ of the world.
POZZO: Wait! (p.71)
This dialogue informs that the real theme of the ’Waiting
for Godot’ is not the ’Godot’ but ‘Waiting’.
happens, nobody comes
nobody goes, It’s awful.
The word ‘Nothing’ represents
‘Nothingness’ and ‘nobody
represents ‘Alienation’ the
features of the ‘Existentialism’
Beginning to end all the
dialogue in negative and
passiveness, no any hope to
come whom for they are
VLADIMIR: Well.shall we go?
ESTRAGON: Yes,let’s go
They don’t move.
First and second part ends with
this negative sentence.’(p.124)
Flynn.Thomas.R. 'EXISTENTIALISM'. Newyork: Oxford university press, 2006.
Samuel, Beckett. 'WAITING FOR GODOT. Delhi: Oxford university Press, 1989.