Aristotle’s Theory of Mimesis Name : Kunvarani Nidhi k . Paper: Literary Theory and Criticism Std :M.A(Sem-1) Roll.NO:18 Submitted to: Department of English & Maharaja krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji university Bhavnagar.
What is the meaning of the theory of Mimetic Criticism?• Imitation.• Reflection of the experience.• Reproduction of the world.• Mirror of the society.• Copied to the another same thing.• Storage of the memory.
Aristotle imitates one of the three objects •Things as they were/ are.1 •Things as they are said/ thought2 •Things as they ought to be.3
Aristotle compares both:History poetry1.History relates ’What has 1. The poet may to have happened? happened.2.History gave the particular 2. Poetry gave the freedom to truth. the reader to apply their own view. 3. Poetry is no any kind of last3.History is only gave only one truth. truth or meaning. 4. Poetry is also half truth.4.History is also one kind of lie Because no any thing in the because it is written by the world Is complately writer. perfect, but it is only based on the perception only.
Aristotle’s disagreement with Plato in function of Poetry.• The arts deal with illusion or they are imitation of an imitation.• As a moralist Plato disapprove of poetry because it is immortal, as a philosopher, he disapproves of it because it is based in falsehood• Philosophy is better than poetry, because philosopher deals with idea/ truth, whereas poet deals with what appears to him illusion.• He believed that truth of philosophy was more important than the pleasure of the poetry.
Aristotle’s perception about Poetry or The theory of inspiration.• The end of poetry is to please & to preach also.• Aristotle says that.”Poetry is more philosophical than the history”. Because in the poetry so many truth rather than history. In history only one truth which is right or wrong even if we have to accept it .and, the other thing is that history writer is also one kind of writer. so, poetry is lie so history is also one another lie because it is also one kind of literature.• The moral of the poetry is not only to gave Pleasure or to gave only moral lesson but both of.
Aristotle Proved the ‘Theory of Mimesis.’• Aristotle proved that imitation Or ‘Mimesis’ is not only imitation but imitation is also one kind of creativity which is inborn.• ‘Mimesis’ is the reflection or representation of the world and human life. And human life is not any kind of lie. so, We can say that ‘Mimesis’ is one kind of creative imitation.• “Imitations,it is said ,extend over the whole of visible nature of which the beautiful is but a small part: truth and expression is its first law….Enough that what is most ugly in nature has been changed into a beauty of art.”-BY GOOTHOLD EPHRAIM.(“THEORY OF LITERATURE ”by P.P. MEHTA & P. N. BHATT.”)