An introduction to Canada
One of the 8 terrestrial ecozones
divided by WWF covers North
america including Alaska and
Canada and United States Of
America are included in this
Head quarters of urodels
1. Nearctic region shows great variations in climatic
conditions and temperatures.
2. The eastern part of North America is composed of
mixed or deciduous forests.
3. The middle part is composed of grasslands.
4. In northern portion, the winter temperature is
much lower than is found at a corresponding
latitude in Europe. Life is very scarce in this region
as few animals can survive in frozen soil.
CLIMATE OF NEARCTIC REGION
Nearctic region possesses 120
families of terrestrial
59 Birds (700 species of birds)
Animals distribution in
• 1 Canadian Shield
• 2 Eastern North America
• 3 Western North America
• 4 Northern Mexico and
Southwestern North America
• It includes Canada, Greenland and Alaska.
• The Canadian Shield bioregion extends across the northern portion of
the continent, from the Aleutian Islands to Newfoundland.
• This sub region includes arctic tundra as in Greenland and Boreal
forest (which consist of conifers like pines,spruce and larches) in
Canada and Alaska.
• Area is 8 000 000 km
• It is an area mostly composed of igneous rock which relates to its long
The name Canada comes from the word Kanata which means
"village" or "settlement“.
Capital: Ottawa(Located in province Ontario)
Population(2014 estimate) : 35,344,962 (37th)
Area: 9,984,670 km2 (2nd largest)
Official language: English and French
Canada has the longest coastline in the world, about 243,000
kilometers in length.
Largest city: Toronto
Number of provinces: 10 provinces and 3 territories.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Currency : Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)
National anthem: O CANADA
National Symbol Of Canada
Is The Maple Leaf
National game of Canada is ice hockey
(May 12, 1994)
(May 12, 1994)
The longest highway in the world is
the Trans-Canada Highway which is
over 7604 kilometers in length.
Toronto is the largest city of Canada,
with a population of more than 5
University of Toronto (ranked 17= in the world;
1st in Canada)
(140 in the world; 6th in Canada)
University of Waterloo (180 in
the world; 7th in Canada)
(21st in the world; 2nd in Canada)Université de Montréal
(92= in the world’ 4th in Canada)
University of British Columbia
(ranked 49th in the world; third in
Simon Fraser University
(244= in the world; 13th in Canada)
University of Alberta
(96 in the world; 5th in
University of Calgary
(201 in the world; 10th in
Interesting Social Rituals
The most common greeting is the handshake.
It should be firm and accompanied by direct eye contact
and a sincere smile.
Gifts are given to honorable guests which are usually
flowers and sweets and interesting thing is this the guest
have to open it on the spot.
Do not give white lilies as they are used at funerals. Do not
give cash or money as a present.
Cultural Festivals In Canada
• Winterlude is an
annual festival in
Ottawa, Ontario and
winter. Winterlude is
run by the National
and was started in
Winterlude Drummers Ottawa 2014
The Calgary Stampede
• It is an annual rodeo, exhibition and
festival held every July in Calgary,
• The ten-day event, which bills itself
as "The Greatest Outdoor Show on
Earth",attracts over one million
visitors per year
• It features one of the world's largest
rodeos, a parade, stage shows,
concerts, agricultural competitions.
It has 11th or 14th-largest economy in the world (measured in US
dollars at market exchange rates).
It is one of the world's wealthiest nations and is a member of the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
With a long coastal line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing
and seafood industry in the world.
It has sizable manufacturing sector, centred in Central Canada, with the
automobile industry and aircraft industry especially important.
Economy of Canada
PLACES TO VISIT IN CANADA
The Niagara falls are one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world. Among the top ten places to visit in Canada,
this waterfall is probably the most beautiful one.It is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the
international border between Canada and the United States; more specifically, between the province of Ontario
and the state of New York.
NIAGRA FALLS AT
The Museum of Vancouver (MOV) (formerly the Vancouver Museum) is a local museum located
in Vanier Park, Vancouver, British Columbia. Vancouver is one of the largest multi-cultural cities
in the Canadian province. It is another beautiful attraction of Canada.
The Ice Hotel in Quebec, known as Hotel de Glace is created every year using 400 tons of ice and
12,000 tons of snow. It melts away every summer and is recreated every winter.
A large turquoise lake trickles from the thousands year old glacier in the distance. It is one of most beautiful place
to visit and feel nature. Lake Louise was named after the Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the
fourth daughter of Queen Victoria
Kelowna, British Columbia:
Kelowna, BC is in the heart of the Canadian Rockies. It is a beautiful river-valley
that has some of Canada's best weather. Warm in the summer and mild in the
winter. The valley produces Canada's world famous apples.
POLITICALLY IMPORTANT PLACES OF
THE CANADIAN PARLIMENT SUPREME COURT OF CANADA