Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
CHARACTERISTICS OF
PROKARYOTIC AND
EUKARYOTIC CELLS
CHAPTER 4
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cellular Characteristics
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cellular Characteristics
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Prokaryotic Cells
 Sizes
 Shapes
 Arrangement
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Typical Prokaryotic Cell
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cell Wall Components
 Peptidoglycan
 Outer Membrane
 Lipo...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Gram Positive Cell Walls
 Peptidoglycan
 Teichoic Acids
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Gram Negative Cell Walls
 Outer Membrane
 Periplasmic spac...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Other Cell Walls
 Acid Fast Cell Wall
 Cell Wall Deficient...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Prokaryotic Plasma Membrane
 Phospholipids
 Fluid Mosaic
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Prokaryotic Plasma Membrane
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Internal structures
 Cytoplasm
 Ribosomes
 Nuclear region
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Inclusions
 Chromatophores
 Metachromatic
granules
 Vesic...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Endospores
 Stasis versus
vegetative state
 Medically
sign...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
External Prokaryotic Structures
 Motility:
– Flagellae
– Ax...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Motility “Behaviors”
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
External Prokaryotic Structures
 Attachment:
– Pili
• Conju...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Glycocalyx
 Capsule
 Slime Layer
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Core Cellular Components
 Plasma membrane
 Cytoplasm
 Nuc...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
 Mitochondria
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
 Chloroplasts
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Membranous Networks
 Endoplasmic Reticulum
 Golgi apparatus
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Eukaryotic Organelles/ Inclusions
 Lysosomes
 Peroxisomes
...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Motility
 Flagella
 Cilia
 Pseudopods
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cell Wall components
 Plants
 Fungi
 Protozoan pellicle
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Endosymbiosis
 Mitochondria
 Chloroplasts
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Eukaryotic/Prokaryotic symbiosis observed in
today’s world (...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Movement across Membranes
 Diffusion
 Osmosis
 Active Tra...
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Endo/Exocytosis
 Engulfment (Endocytosis)
 Phagocytosis
 ...
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Ch04 2_

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Ch04 2_

  1. 1. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. CHARACTERISTICS OF PROKARYOTIC AND EUKARYOTIC CELLS CHAPTER 4
  2. 2. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Cellular Characteristics
  3. 3. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Cellular Characteristics
  4. 4. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Prokaryotic Cells  Sizes  Shapes  Arrangement
  5. 5. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Typical Prokaryotic Cell
  6. 6. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Cell Wall Components  Peptidoglycan  Outer Membrane  Lipolysaccharide A (LPS)  Periplasmic space
  7. 7. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Gram Positive Cell Walls  Peptidoglycan  Teichoic Acids
  8. 8. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Gram Negative Cell Walls  Outer Membrane  Periplasmic space – Digestive Enzymes – Protein pumps  LPS components
  9. 9. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Other Cell Walls  Acid Fast Cell Wall  Cell Wall Deficient bacteria
  10. 10. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Prokaryotic Plasma Membrane  Phospholipids  Fluid Mosaic
  11. 11. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Prokaryotic Plasma Membrane
  12. 12. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Internal structures  Cytoplasm  Ribosomes  Nuclear region
  13. 13. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Inclusions  Chromatophores  Metachromatic granules  Vesicles
  14. 14. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Endospores  Stasis versus vegetative state  Medically significant genera  Resistances  Dipicolinic acid
  15. 15. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. External Prokaryotic Structures  Motility: – Flagellae – Axial filaments
  16. 16. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Motility “Behaviors”
  17. 17. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. External Prokaryotic Structures  Attachment: – Pili • Conjugation pili – Fimbriae
  18. 18. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Glycocalyx  Capsule  Slime Layer
  19. 19. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Eukaryotic Cell Structure
  20. 20. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Core Cellular Components  Plasma membrane  Cytoplasm  Nucleus  Ribosomes
  21. 21. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Mitochondria and Chloroplasts  Mitochondria
  22. 22. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Mitochondria and Chloroplasts  Chloroplasts
  23. 23. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Membranous Networks  Endoplasmic Reticulum  Golgi apparatus
  24. 24. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Eukaryotic Organelles/ Inclusions  Lysosomes  Peroxisomes  Vacuoles  Cytoskeleton
  25. 25. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Motility  Flagella  Cilia  Pseudopods
  26. 26. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Cell Wall components  Plants  Fungi  Protozoan pellicle
  27. 27. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Endosymbiosis  Mitochondria  Chloroplasts
  28. 28. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Eukaryotic/Prokaryotic symbiosis observed in today’s world (Protozoan termite inhabitant with internalized bacteria)
  29. 29. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Movement across Membranes  Diffusion  Osmosis  Active Transport
  30. 30. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Endo/Exocytosis  Engulfment (Endocytosis)  Phagocytosis  Extrusion (Exocytosis)
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