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Bayeux

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  1. A GUIDE TO THE BAYEUX TAPESTRY Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  2. The Bayeux Tapestry The Bayeux Tapestry (actually an embroidery measuring over 230 feet long and 20 inches wide) describes the Norman invasion of England and the events that led up to it. It is believed that the Tapestry was commissioned by Bishop Odo, bishop of Bayeux and the half-brother of William the Conqueror. The Tapestry contains hundreds of images divided into scenes each describing a particular event. The scenes are joined into a linear sequence allowing the viewer to "read" the entire story starting with the first scene and progressing to the last. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  3. The Tapestry would probably have been displayed in a church for public view. History is written by the victors and the Tapestry is above all a Norman document. In a time when the vast majority of the population was illiterate, the Tapestry's images were designed to tell the story of the conquest of England from the Norman perspective. It focuses on the story of William, making no mention of Hardrada of Norway nor of Harold's victory at Stamford Bridge. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  4. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave The English Channel
  5. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave Hastings countryside
  6. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  7. <ul><li>EDWARD REX. UBI HAROLD DUX ANGLORUM ET SUI MILITES EQUITANT AD BOSHAM </li></ul><ul><li>Edward King . Where Harold, Earl of the English, and his retinue ride to Bosham. </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  8. Harold Godwinson confers with King Edward the Confessor and sets out on his journey . Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  9. <ul><li>ECCLESIA. HIC HAROLD MARE NAVIGAVIT ET VELIS VENTO PLENIS VENIT IN TERRAM WIDONIS COMITIS </li></ul><ul><li>The church. Here Harold took to the sea and came with full sail to the territory of Count Guy </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  10. Harold and his men prepare for a sea voyage with a final prayer and meal. Then they board their ships, taking dogs and falcons with them Their landing on the coast of France is met by the hostile Guy of Ponthieu . Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  11. <ul><li>HAROLD. HIC APPREHENDIT WIDO HAROLDUM ET DUXIT EUM AD BELREM ET IBI EUM TENUIT </li></ul><ul><li>Harold. Here Guy seized Harold and led him to Beaurain and retained him there </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  12. Harold is taken prisoner <ul><li>UBI HAROLD ET WIDO PARABOLANT. UBI NUNTII WILLEMNI DUCIS AD WIDONEM. TUROLD NUNTII WILLELMI </li></ul><ul><li>Where Harold and Guy converse. Where Duke William's messengers came to Guy. Turold William's messengers </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  13. While Harold talks with Guy, William of Normandy prepares a rescue mission <ul><li>William's men hurry to Beaurain </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  14. <ul><li>HIC VENIT NUNTIAS AD WILGELMUM DUCEM. HIC WIDO ADDUXIT HAROLDUM AD WILGELUM NORMANNORUM DUCUM </li></ul><ul><li>Here the messengers came to Duke William. Here guy took Harold to William, Duke of Normandy </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  15. Guy surrenders his prisoner to William <ul><li>HIC DUX WILGELM CUM HAROLDO VENIT AD PALATIUM SUUM. UBI UNUS CLERICUS ET AELFGYVA </li></ul><ul><li>Here Duke William comes to his palace with Harold. Where a certain clerk and Aelfgyva </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  16. Harold and William return to Normandy, where William's daughter Aelfgifu is betrothed to Harold Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  17. <ul><li>HIC WILLELM DUX ET EXERCITUS EJUS VENERUNT AD MONTEM MICHAELIS </li></ul><ul><li>Here Duke William and his army came to Mont St Michel </li></ul>Harold and William celebrate their new relationship by fighting together against Conan of Brittany, but disaster nearly strikes at Mont. St. Michel Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  18. <ul><li>ET HIC TRANSIERUNT FLUMEN COSNOSIS. HIC HAROLD DUX TRAHEBAT EOS DE ARENA. ET VENERUNT AD DOL ET CONAN FUGA VERTIT. REDNES </li></ul><ul><li>And here they crossed the river Cuesnon. Here Earl Harold pulled them out of the sands. And they came to Dol, and Conan fled. Rennes </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  19. The battles continue at Dol and Rennes <ul><li>HIC MILITES WILLEMI DUCIS PUGNANT CONTRA DINANTES ET CUNAN CLAVES PORREXIT </li></ul><ul><li>Here Duke William's soldiers fight against the inhabitants in Dinan, and Conan handed over the keys </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  20. At Dinan, the Duke of Brittany surrenders to William <ul><li>HIC WILLELM DEDIT ARMA HAROLDO. HIC WILLELM VENI BAGIAS.UBI HAROLD. SACRAMENTUM FECIT WILLELMO DUCI. </li></ul><ul><li>Here William gave Harold weapons. Here William came to Bayeux.Where Harold gave his oath to Duke William </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  21. During the victory celebration William knights Harold, and Harold takes a solemn oath to become the man of William Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  22. <ul><li>HIC HAROLD DUX REVERSUS EST AD ANGLICAM TERRAM </li></ul><ul><li>Here Earl Harold returned home to England </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  23. <ul><li>ET VENIT AD EDWARDUM REGUM. HIC PORTATUR CORPUS AEDWARDI REGIS AD ECCLESIAM SCI PETRI APOSTILI. HIC EADWARDUS REX IN LECTO ALLOQUITUR FIDELES. ET HIC DEFUNCTUS EST </li></ul><ul><li>And came to King Edward. Her King Edward's body is carried to St Peter the Apostle. Here King Edward in bed speaks to his faithful. And here he died </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  24. Edward the Confessor dies <ul><li>HIC DEDERUNT HAROLDO CORONAM REGIS. HIC RESIDET HOROLD REX ANGLORUM. STIGANT ARCHIEPISCOPUS. ISTI MIRANT STELLAM </li></ul><ul><li>Here they gave the royal crown to Harold. Here enthroned is Harold, King of England. Archbishop Stigand. These people marvel at the star </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  25. Harold is crowned King of England . <ul><li>HAROLD.HIC NAVIS VENIT IN TERRAM WILLELMI DUKIS. HIC WILLEM DUX IUSSIT NAVES EDIFICARE </li></ul><ul><li>Harold.Here an English ship came to Duke William's country. Here duke William ordered the buiding of ships </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  26. Word of Harold's coronation travels to William Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  27. <ul><li>HIC WILLEM DUX IN MAGNO NAVIGIO MARE </li></ul><ul><li>Here William crosses in a large ship over the sea </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  28. <ul><li>TRANSIVIT ET VENIT AD PEVENSEAE </li></ul><ul><li>And came to Pevensey </li></ul>The fleet sails under the protection of the pope (look for his banner) and lands at Pevensey The horses board, and the ships set sail Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  29. <ul><li>HIC TRAHUNT NAVES AD MARE. ISTI PORTANT ARMAS AD NAVES. ET HIC TRAHUNT CARRUM CUM VINO ET ARMIS </li></ul><ul><li>Here they pull the ships to the sea. These men carry weapons down to the ships. And here they pull a cart loaded with weapons </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  30. <ul><li>HIC EXEUNT DE NAVIBUS . ET HICMILITES FESTINAVERUNT HESTINGHAM UTCIBUM RAPERENTUR </li></ul><ul><li>Here the horses go ashore. And here the soldiers hurried to Hastings to requisition food </li></ul>The Normans disembark and ride to Hastings Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  31. <ul><li>HIC EST WADARD. HIC COQUITOR CARO. ET HIC MINISTRAVERUNT MINISTRI </li></ul><ul><li>Here is Wadard. Here meat is cooked. And here the servants serve the food </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  32. HIC FECERUNT PRANDIUM. HIC EPISCOPUS CIBUM ET POTUM BENEDICIT. ODO EPISCOPUS. WILLELM. ROTBERT. ISTE IUSSIT UT FODERETUR CASTELLUM <ul><li>Here they dined. And here the Bishop blesses </li></ul><ul><li>the food and wine. Bishop Odo. William. Robert. </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered defences dug </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  33. <ul><li>AT HESTENGAM- </li></ul><ul><li>CEASTRA. HIC </li></ul><ul><li>NUNTIATUM EST </li></ul><ul><li>WILLELMO DE </li></ul><ul><li>HARALDO. HIC </li></ul><ul><li>DOMUS </li></ul><ul><li>INCEDITUR. HIC </li></ul><ul><li>MILITES BATTLE </li></ul><ul><li>WITH KING HAROLD </li></ul><ul><li>At Hastings. Here William received news of Harold. Here the house is </li></ul><ul><li>set on fire. Here the soldiers left Hastings, And went to do battle with King Harold </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  34. The Normans build their camp and prepare for battle . Left Hastings, and went to do battle with King Harold EXIERUNT DE HESTENGA AT VENERUNT AD PRELIUM CONTRA HAROLDUM REGEM The Norman army assembles Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  35. HIC WILLELM DUX INTERROGAT VITAL SI VIDISSET EXERCITUM HAROLDI <ul><li>Here Duke William asks Vital whether he has </li></ul><ul><li>seen Harold's army </li></ul><ul><li>The Normans ride out to meet the Anglo-Saxons </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  36. <ul><li>OSTE NUNTIAT HAROLDUM REGEM DE EXERCITU WILLELMI DUCIS </li></ul><ul><li>This man informs King Harold about Duke William's army </li></ul>Harold is warned of the advance, and William gives a pep talk to his men Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  37. The Normans attack on horseback Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  38. <ul><li>HIC WILLELM DUX ALLOQUITUR SUIS MILITIBUS UT PREPARARENT SE VIRILITER ET SAPIENTER AD PRELIUM CONTRA ANGLORUM EXERCITUM </li></ul><ul><li>Here Duke William exhorts his soldiers to prepare themselves like men and wisely for the battle against the English army </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  39. The Anglo-Saxons meet their attack on foot <ul><li>HIC CECIDERUNT LWEINE ET GYRD </li></ul><ul><li>Here fell Leofwine and Gyrth </li></ul><ul><li>Harold's brothers are killed in the battle </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  40. FRATRES HAROLDI REGIS. HIC CECIDERUNT SIMUL ANGLI ET FRANCI IN PRELIO <ul><li>Brothers of King Harold.Here fell the </li></ul><ul><li>English and the French simultaneously in </li></ul><ul><li>the battle </li></ul>The battle rages Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  41. <ul><li>HIC ODO EPISCOPUS BACULUM TENENS CONFORTAT PUEROS. HIC EST WILLELM DUX </li></ul><ul><li>Here Bishop Odo with a staff in his hand encourages his Squires. Here is Duke William </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  42. The Anglo-Saxons defend the top of a hill, and William must prove to his men that he is still in charge . Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  43. Newly encouraged, the Normans attack viciously <ul><li>EUSTASIUS. HIC FRANCI PUGNANT </li></ul><ul><li>Eustace. Here the French do battle </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  44. ET CECIDERUNT QUI ERANT CUM HAROLDO. HIC HAROLD REX INTERFECTUS EST <ul><li>And those who were with Harold fell. Here King Harold was killed </li></ul>Harold is struck in the eye by an arrow and dies Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  45. “ Like a dream, four men surround me, one with a lance and three with knives. Time stops again, like ice, and now death enters through the skin and flesh, and finds the inner life and glory streams from every part of me, a burning glory pouring out from me like agony. Like light.” Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  46. ET FUGA VERTERUNT ANGLI And the English fled <ul><li>The Normans are victorious </li></ul>Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  47. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  48. Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  49. Links http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/ discover / archive_interviews /08.shtml http://www.roland-collection.com/ rolandcollection / mpeg /118.mpg http://www.battle1066.com/ http://www.ibiscom.com/bayeux.htm http://www.btinternet.com/~mrfield/Conquest/resources/ resources.htm http://www.mairie-bayeux.fr/ tourisme / tapisserie.htm http://www.bayeuxtapestry.org.uk/ http://www.secretsofthenormaninvasion.com/ http:// liaisons.ou.edu / ~lgibbs / medieval /10 http://www.joewilliamsmusic.btinternet.co.uk/ sreel.htm Nicoletta Cuzzolin - Liceo Calssico “E. Montale” San Donà di Piave
  50. Now you can check what you have learnt if you click here [email_address]

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