THIS SPORTING LIFE WHY?  WHAT? WHEN? FASHION?
A STORY OF SOCIAL EMACIPATION OF WOMEN THROUGH SPORT <ul><li>1976 Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Olympics </li></ul><ul><...
SPORTS GO BACK A LONG WAY <ul><li>ORIGINAL OLYMPIC GAMES. ALTHOUGH EVEN THE MARATHON HAD A ‘MAKE OVER’ </li></ul><ul><li>A...
OLYMPIC GAMES WERE OF COURSE A BIT ARDUOUS ON THE WEAKER SEX <ul><li>Women's events were first held in the Olympic Games i...
BUT MOST EARLY SPORTS WE KNOW ABOUT PREPARED MEN FOR WAR <ul><li>HORSES AND LANCES </li></ul><ul><li>ARCHERY (LOWER CLASS ...
ARISTOCRATIC WOMEN FOLLOWED THE SAME SPORTS  HUNTING AND HAWKING GELS
AS FOR THE POOR: THE MASS OF THE POPULATION Dog and Cock fighting <ul><li>REALLY UNRECORDED AS NOT BEING IMPORTANT. </li><...
SOME LIKE BREUGAL GIVE US MORE THAN A GLIMPSE
1612 Cotswold Olympiks  And Badger baiting – rat catching
“Revolting Exhibition Among Pennsylvania Miners  (1900)
OR A REAL TREAT <ul><li>A GOOD PUBLIC EXECUTION </li></ul><ul><li>PARTICULARLY WHEN IT WAS: </li></ul><ul><li>a) A MASS EX...
FOR THE ELITE: ROWING BECAME A SPORT
FOR THE MASSES IT WAS WORK: EVEN THOUGH THEY HAVE THE OLDEST SPORTING EVENT IN NORTH AMERICA 1930 Women’s winners  1890 View
AND FOR SOME WORKING PEOPLE IT WAS NOT SPORT, IT WAS LIFE OR DEATH. AND NO PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT   EITHER
FOOTBALL GREW UP AS A KIND OF MASS RIOT <ul><li>Butt dyke, adjacent to the Nottingham Castle, was the archery practice gro...
IN SOME PLACES IT IS EVEN VERY GENTEEL <ul><li>unchecked mayhem seemed to be the overall object of the games, some played ...
WHEREAS TENNIS HAD A ROYAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>SHAKESPEARE HENRY V: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When we have match’d our rackets ...
AND BECAME THE GAME OF THE EDWARDIAN LEISURE CLASS <ul><li>WIMBLEDON established in 1875 by the Marylebone Cricket Club. <...
WITH SUITABLE FOUNDATIONS 1897
BUT TAKEN OVER BY HUSSY’S AND YANKEE CARPETBAGGERS  1884 First Wimbledon Ladies <ul><li>Up to 1870s played in dresses with...
BUT IT WAS JUST DAMN BAD FORM TO BE ATHLETIC <ul><li>Vogue 1930  The modest gracefulness of the British girls was in marke...
AFTER ALL SPORTING EXERTION CAN HARM FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
SO CERTAIN SPORTS FOR WOMEN CONTINUED TO BE CLASS BASED
WITH SOME RISQUE EXCEPTIONS
WHILE THE WORKING CLASSES CONTINUED ON THEIR VIOLENT WAY ‘MILLING AROUND’
AND MEN WERE SOMETIMES VIOLENT TOO <ul><li>Women’s bare knuckle fighting, stripped to the waist for money with gambling on...
WOMEN’S SPORTING ACTIVITIES WAS MOVED ON BY TWO UNRELATED DEVELOPMENTS  (1) <ul><li>Although not good for women’s internal...
SOME OF THE ‘RATIONAL DRESS’ PROPOSALS DID NOT FIND MUCH FAVOUR WITH CYCLING WOMEN   -Dr Mary Walker CMO – Marietta Stow 1...
EXTENSION OF PRIVATE AND HIGHER EDUCATION TO WOMEN
1902 Smith College
HOCKEY AND ATHLETIC DRESS  (IT STARED AS A WILD GAELIC GAME)
IT COULD BE MY SCHOOL <ul><li>Ist International England v Ireland 1897 played in long skirts, boaters, collars and ties. <...
ONE TRANSPLANTED SPORT THRIVED IN THE NEW WORLD – BUT I DON’T THINK IT HAD ANYTHING TO DO WITH COOPERS-TOWN <ul><li>STOOLB...
THOSE PILGRIMS <ul><li>In the 1800’s people began to recognize the importance of exercise and encouraged women to particip...
SO SPORTING LADIES HAVE COME A LONG WAY
AND GIRLS ARE ONCE AGAIN PUNCHING EACH OTHERS LIGHTS OUT
TWO OTHER INTERESTING DEVELOPMENTS <ul><li>THE HUGE RISE OF SPORTS CLOTHES AS FASHION ITEMS </li></ul>
AND THE RISE OF AN UNFIT SECTION OF YOUNG PEOPLE WEARING THEM?
AND ELITE WOMENS SPORT BECOMING SHOW BUSINESS RATHER THAN JUST ATHLETIC
MMMMM
THIS SPORTING LIFE WHY?  WHAT? WHEN? FASHION?
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Transcript of "11 This Sporting Life"

  1. 1. THIS SPORTING LIFE WHY? WHAT? WHEN? FASHION?
  2. 2. A STORY OF SOCIAL EMACIPATION OF WOMEN THROUGH SPORT <ul><li>1976 Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>A tale of class, education and turn-around </li></ul>
  3. 3. SPORTS GO BACK A LONG WAY <ul><li>ORIGINAL OLYMPIC GAMES. ALTHOUGH EVEN THE MARATHON HAD A ‘MAKE OVER’ </li></ul><ul><li>AND SOME GAMES WE HAVE NO IDEA HOW THEY WERE PLAYED: CAMBOCK </li></ul><ul><li>AND SOME ‘WHO KNOWS’ (WAGERING ON MEXICAN FOOTBALL </li></ul>
  4. 4. OLYMPIC GAMES WERE OF COURSE A BIT ARDUOUS ON THE WEAKER SEX <ul><li>Women's events were first held in the Olympic Games in 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>Ist Female Gold Elizabeth Robinson USA, Fanny Rosenfeld 2 nd (6 Competitors) </li></ul><ul><li>1948 Only USA Gold ALICE COACHMAN </li></ul>
  5. 5. BUT MOST EARLY SPORTS WE KNOW ABOUT PREPARED MEN FOR WAR <ul><li>HORSES AND LANCES </li></ul><ul><li>ARCHERY (LOWER CLASS </li></ul><ul><li>SWORDPLAY (WOODEN SWORDS) </li></ul>
  6. 6. ARISTOCRATIC WOMEN FOLLOWED THE SAME SPORTS HUNTING AND HAWKING GELS
  7. 7. AS FOR THE POOR: THE MASS OF THE POPULATION Dog and Cock fighting <ul><li>REALLY UNRECORDED AS NOT BEING IMPORTANT. </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE WAS HARD, NASTY AND BLOODY: AND SO WERE THEIR SPORTING OCCUPATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>WE GET GLIMPSES IN WRITINGS AND IMAGES </li></ul><ul><li>A SOCIETY WHERE ANIMALS WERE REGARDED AS MAN’S TOYS AND PEOPLE WERE FIT AND HEALTHY, INFIRM OR MAD, OR DEAD EARLY </li></ul>
  8. 8. SOME LIKE BREUGAL GIVE US MORE THAN A GLIMPSE
  9. 9. 1612 Cotswold Olympiks And Badger baiting – rat catching
  10. 10. “Revolting Exhibition Among Pennsylvania Miners (1900)
  11. 11. OR A REAL TREAT <ul><li>A GOOD PUBLIC EXECUTION </li></ul><ul><li>PARTICULARLY WHEN IT WAS: </li></ul><ul><li>a) A MASS EXECUTION </li></ul><ul><li>b) WOMEN </li></ul><ul><li>c) COMBINATION OF ABOVE </li></ul><ul><li>THE ATMOSPHERE OF A MODERN SPORTING EVENT WITH FOOD SOLD, FAVOURS SOLD AND HUGE AMOUNT OF GAMBLING. </li></ul>
  12. 12. FOR THE ELITE: ROWING BECAME A SPORT
  13. 13. FOR THE MASSES IT WAS WORK: EVEN THOUGH THEY HAVE THE OLDEST SPORTING EVENT IN NORTH AMERICA 1930 Women’s winners 1890 View
  14. 14. AND FOR SOME WORKING PEOPLE IT WAS NOT SPORT, IT WAS LIFE OR DEATH. AND NO PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT EITHER
  15. 15. FOOTBALL GREW UP AS A KIND OF MASS RIOT <ul><li>Butt dyke, adjacent to the Nottingham Castle, was the archery practice ground, and it was by statute that young lads had to practice archery as an art of war. But over the years football proved a diversion. Edward II in 1314 and later Richard II in 1377 prohibited football, along with quoits, dicing. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 'The Anatomy of Abuses in the Realm of England' of 1583, the author classed football as a 'devilish pastime . . . more a bloody and murdering practice than a fellowly sport or pastime.' Henry VIII and Elizabeth I attempted to suppress football but it still flourished. </li></ul>
  16. 16. IN SOME PLACES IT IS EVEN VERY GENTEEL <ul><li>unchecked mayhem seemed to be the overall object of the games, some played over miles of countryside, pitting entire villages of men and women (numbering in the hundreds) against each other in days-long matches. Crippling injuries were often the result, along with at least one papal dispensation issued to one player who accidentally killed an opponent. </li></ul>
  17. 17. WHEREAS TENNIS HAD A ROYAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>SHAKESPEARE HENRY V: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When we have match’d our rackets to these balls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We will in France, by God’s grace, play a set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shall strike his father’s crown into the hazard. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell him he hath made a match with such a wrangler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That all the courts in France will be disturb’d with chases! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>he is essentially challenging his cousin the Dauphin to a Court Tennis match with France as the prize. Little wonder that the sport became known as the &quot;Game of Kings.“ </li></ul><ul><li>TENNIS = TEVEZ (TAKE IT) </li></ul>
  18. 18. AND BECAME THE GAME OF THE EDWARDIAN LEISURE CLASS <ul><li>WIMBLEDON established in 1875 by the Marylebone Cricket Club. </li></ul><ul><li>Established in the USA by Forest Hills Lawn Tennis and Cricket Club. </li></ul>
  19. 19. WITH SUITABLE FOUNDATIONS 1897
  20. 20. BUT TAKEN OVER BY HUSSY’S AND YANKEE CARPETBAGGERS 1884 First Wimbledon Ladies <ul><li>Up to 1870s played in dresses with trains. </li></ul><ul><li>No concession made to fashion. Hooks in dressing room to change ones corsets. </li></ul><ul><li>Shock 1 1906 Mary Sutton (USA) rolled up her sleeves </li></ul><ul><li>Shock 2 1919, Suzanne Lenglen played in calf length dress, Bandeau and no corsets. The English champion Dot Ryan took the whalebone out of her stays. </li></ul><ul><li>Shock 3 Alice Marble 1932 played in shorts and bare legs. </li></ul>
  21. 21. BUT IT WAS JUST DAMN BAD FORM TO BE ATHLETIC <ul><li>Vogue 1930 The modest gracefulness of the British girls was in marked contrast to the masculine style of the American players. </li></ul><ul><li>1934 Britain won the Whiteman Cup The Times: A triumph for skirts over shorts. </li></ul>
  22. 22. AFTER ALL SPORTING EXERTION CAN HARM FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
  23. 23. SO CERTAIN SPORTS FOR WOMEN CONTINUED TO BE CLASS BASED
  24. 24. WITH SOME RISQUE EXCEPTIONS
  25. 25. WHILE THE WORKING CLASSES CONTINUED ON THEIR VIOLENT WAY ‘MILLING AROUND’
  26. 26. AND MEN WERE SOMETIMES VIOLENT TOO <ul><li>Women’s bare knuckle fighting, stripped to the waist for money with gambling on the outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>London: First-staged women fights. The women would punch, use their feet and knee lifting/kicking to all parts of their opponents body. They also could maul, scratch and throw. This resulted in serious injury for either or both fighters. In other reports, in London in 1722 at the Boarded House, near what is now Oxford Circus, Elizabeth Wilkinson, the Cockney Championess, defeated Martha Jones. </li></ul>
  27. 27. WOMEN’S SPORTING ACTIVITIES WAS MOVED ON BY TWO UNRELATED DEVELOPMENTS (1) <ul><li>Although not good for women’s internal organs a huge movement for cycling. Freedom of movement, exercise and changes in dress to prevent skirts catching in the wheels. </li></ul>
  28. 28. SOME OF THE ‘RATIONAL DRESS’ PROPOSALS DID NOT FIND MUCH FAVOUR WITH CYCLING WOMEN -Dr Mary Walker CMO – Marietta Stow 1884 ran for California Gov. – Dr Harriet Austin 1865 – Dr Lydia Hasbrouk
  29. 29. EXTENSION OF PRIVATE AND HIGHER EDUCATION TO WOMEN
  30. 30. 1902 Smith College
  31. 31. HOCKEY AND ATHLETIC DRESS (IT STARED AS A WILD GAELIC GAME)
  32. 32. IT COULD BE MY SCHOOL <ul><li>Ist International England v Ireland 1897 played in long skirts, boaters, collars and ties. </li></ul><ul><li>GYM SLIP introduced by Madam Bergman a Swedish teacher. But with black stockings and liberty bodice </li></ul>
  33. 33. ONE TRANSPLANTED SPORT THRIVED IN THE NEW WORLD – BUT I DON’T THINK IT HAD ANYTHING TO DO WITH COOPERS-TOWN <ul><li>STOOLBALL </li></ul><ul><li>Women have been enjoying some form of baseball for centuries. The predecessor to baseball, stoolball, was apparently invented by milkmaids who used their stools as bats and targets. There is some debate as to how early it began, but it was documented as early as 1450. Stoolball is still played by women in Sussex, England, but no longer with milking stools. </li></ul><ul><li>STOOL is the old West of England name for a tree stump. When men played an adaptation called cricket they replaced the milking stool with a sheep hurdle called a wicket. </li></ul>
  34. 34. THOSE PILGRIMS <ul><li>In the 1800’s people began to recognize the importance of exercise and encouraged women to participate in sports. Women’s baseball clubs were formed at Vassar College in 1866, at Smith College in 1879, and Mount Holyoke College in 1891. Their long skirts were sometimes a hindrance, as a fielder would often get tripped up in her own dress. An instruction booklet at Vassar encouraged the women to use their skirts as makeshift backstops by spreading their legs, citing the technique as “the only safe way to stop a ball.” </li></ul>
  35. 35. SO SPORTING LADIES HAVE COME A LONG WAY
  36. 36. AND GIRLS ARE ONCE AGAIN PUNCHING EACH OTHERS LIGHTS OUT
  37. 37. TWO OTHER INTERESTING DEVELOPMENTS <ul><li>THE HUGE RISE OF SPORTS CLOTHES AS FASHION ITEMS </li></ul>
  38. 38. AND THE RISE OF AN UNFIT SECTION OF YOUNG PEOPLE WEARING THEM?
  39. 39. AND ELITE WOMENS SPORT BECOMING SHOW BUSINESS RATHER THAN JUST ATHLETIC
  40. 40. MMMMM
  41. 41. THIS SPORTING LIFE WHY? WHAT? WHEN? FASHION?
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