Singapore’s history

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Singapore’s history

  1. 1. Singapore’s History<br />
  2. 2. From the Early Beginnings to the Colonial Era<br />The beginnings of Singapore are steeped in local Malay legend.<br />The island is said to have received its name from a visiting Sumatran prince in the 14th century.<br /> He saw a fearsome creature - later identified to him as a lion – upon his arrival.<br />
  3. 3. Taking this as a good omen, the prince founded a new city on the spot, changing the name of the island from Temasek to Singapura.<br />Thus the Lion City was born.<br />The symbol of the merlion - a mythical creature with the head of a lion and the body of a fish - is a reminder of Singapore's early connections to this legend and the seas.<br />
  4. 4. Colonial Singapore<br />Stamford Raffles is often called the founder of modern Singapore, having given shape to many sections of Singapore's city centre, and having built its name as an important port and business centre in the region.<br />When Raffles first landed in Singapore in 1819, there was division within the Johor Sultanate.<br />
  5. 5. The old Sultan had died in 1812, and his younger son had ascended to the throne when the eldest son and legitimate heir, Hussein, was away.<br />Raffles supported Hussein, proclaiming him Sultan and installing him in Singapore.<br />He also signed a treaty with the Temenggong, or senior judge, of Johor, setting him up in Singapore as well.<br />In so doing, he hoped to legitimise British claims on the island.<br />
  6. 6. Raffles acquired the use of Singapore after agreeing to make annual payments to Sultan Hussein and the Temenggong.<br />In 1824, in exchange for a cash buyout, Singapore officially came under the ownership of the British East India Company.( EIC)<br />
  7. 7. Two years later, the island, along with Malacca and Penang, became part of the British Straits Settlements.<br />The Straits Settlements were controlled by the East India Company in Calcutta, but administered from Singapore.<br />Raffles initiated a town plan for central Singapore. <br />The plan included levelling one hill to set up a commercial centre (today's Shenton Way) and constructing government buildings around Fort Canning.<br />
  8. 8. Raffles, and the first Resident of Singapore, William Farquhar, gradually moulded Singapore from a jungle-ridden backwater with poor sanitation and little modern infrastructure to a successful entreport and colonial outpost.<br />Hospitals, schools and a water supply system were built.<br />Soon, boatloads of immigrants from India and China were coming to Singapore, in search of prosperity and a better life.<br />
  9. 9. End<br />
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