1
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
ACCORD
Archaeology Community Co-design and Co-Production
of Research Data
Stuart J...
2
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
• AHRC Funded, 2013/15 (15 Months)
• Connected Communities theme, Digital Transfor...
3
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
•Current practice in visualisation
• Changing Research context
•Technology
•Authen...
4
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
• Over 2 decades of research and
development of digital
visualisation technologies...
5
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Some Traditional Activities &
Audiences:
• Erosion/Damage monitoring
• Management
...
6
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
“consumer” grade photogrammetry
7
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Ubiquitous 3D printing – additive
manufacture drops in price.
The “new” technology...
8
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Yesterday* marked the expiry of
US Patent 5597589, "Apparatus
for producing parts ...
9
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
10
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD *Lies, all lies.
Issues of public engagement with the
digital: the opposite of re...
11
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Orthodox approaches to authenticity in
Heritage Conservation & Management
• Tradi...
12
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Challenges & new approaches
to authenticity
• Authenticity is culturally
construc...
13
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
“I know it’s just stone [a
little embarrassed], but I
think it absorbs things,
it...
14
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
The Hilton of Cadboll reconstruction, with sculptor Barry
Grove, and associated c...
15
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Digital objects
• So what about digital records and models?
• Is their authentici...
16
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
ACCORD Research Aims
• To examine the opportunities and implications of digital
v...
17
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
ACCORD Activities:
•Co-design and co-production of 3D
documentation
• Photogramme...
18
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Group Location
Friends of G. Necropolis Glasgow
Castlemilk (Glasgow Life) Glasgow...
19
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Assessing value and authenticity:
• Qualitative methodologies
• Focus group/inter...
20
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
Glendaruel Community Woodland
Group, Cowal, Argyll & Bute
21
ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014
ACCORD
@ACCORD_project We’re on Facebook!
http://accordproject.wordpress.com/
ACCORD: co...
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CAA2014 Community Archaeology and Technology: The ACCORD project: Archaeology Community Co-Production of Research Data

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Stuart Jeffrey and Sian Jones
Paper presented at Computer Applications in Archaeology Conference 2014, 22nd - 25th April 2014, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris as part of Session 12: Community Archaeology and Technology. Session organisers: Nicole Beale and Eleonora Gandolfi. Session blog: http://blog.soton.ac.uk/comarch/

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Transcript of "CAA2014 Community Archaeology and Technology: The ACCORD project: Archaeology Community Co-Production of Research Data "

  1. 1. 1 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD ACCORD Archaeology Community Co-design and Co-Production of Research Data Stuart Jeffrey, Sian Jones, Alex Hale, Cara Jones & Mhairi Maxwell CAA, Paris, 24th April 2014
  2. 2. 2 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD • AHRC Funded, 2013/15 (15 Months) • Connected Communities theme, Digital Transformations programme • Partners: • Digital Design Studio, Glasgow School of Art • University of Manchester • Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland • Archaeology Scotland •Investigators: • Dr Stuart Jeffrey, Prof Sian Jones, Dr Alex Hale • Dr Mhairi Maxwell – PDRA • Cara Jones – Archaeology Scotland
  3. 3. 3 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD •Current practice in visualisation • Changing Research context •Technology •Authenticity • The ACCORD project •Community engagement •Co-design & co-production •Research aims •Project Activity
  4. 4. 4 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD • Over 2 decades of research and development of digital visualisation technologies in archaeology and heritage • Expert forms of knowledge and/or professional priorities still dominate Images DDS/HS/CDDV
  5. 5. 5 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Some Traditional Activities & Audiences: • Erosion/Damage monitoring • Management • Research and analysis (malleability) • Teaching and learning • Recontextualisation, landscape scale • Monuments in use • Virtual tourism Technical and cost barriers to wider adoption and re-use?
  6. 6. 6 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD “consumer” grade photogrammetry
  7. 7. 7 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Ubiquitous 3D printing – additive manufacture drops in price. The “new” technology checklist: • Moral panic – guns for all • Economic panic • Lawyers engage – IPR • Mass production vs production by the masses • Provenance Images: Makerbot/3dprintingera/Adobe
  8. 8. 8 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Yesterday* marked the expiry of US Patent 5597589, "Apparatus for producing parts by selective sintering." This is one of the core patents in the 3D printing world - - the patent that allows 3D printer companies to charge more for fine nylon powder than Michelin-starred restaurants charge for filet mignon. *28th January 2014 Cory Doctorow – Boing Boing
  9. 9. 9 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD
  10. 10. 10 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD *Lies, all lies. Issues of public engagement with the digital: the opposite of real • No substance* • No location* • No cost in replication* • No degradation* • Infinitely reproducible/reproduced • Ownership vs licensing
  11. 11. 11 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Orthodox approaches to authenticity in Heritage Conservation & Management • Traditionally authenticity has been seen as something intrinsic to the thing itself, and its fabric, form, and setting. • “It is our duty to hand them [historic monuments] on in the full richness of their authenticity” (Venice Charter, Preamble) • Authenticity in the World Heritage Convention (1972) depends on the degree to which information sources about the value of heritage “may be understood as credible or truthful” Turner’s Tintern Abbey, 1794
  12. 12. 12 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Challenges & new approaches to authenticity • Authenticity is culturally constructed • Authenticity is increasing defined in terms of setting, use, ongoing social value, and intangible dimensions • Nara Document: “It is … not possible to make judgements of value and authenticity on fixed criteria. On the contrary the respect due to all cultures requires that the heritage properties must be judged within the cultural contexts within which they belong” Skung Gwaii World Heritage Site, Haida mortuary poles: www.museevirtuel- virtualmuseum.ca
  13. 13. 13 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD “I know it’s just stone [a little embarrassed], but I think it absorbs things, it’s like its alive […] It’s absorbed the presence of the people who’ve been here in the past […] Just remember, stone speaks.” (Interview with Margaret, 2011) Glasgow Cathedral Choir. Photo: S. Jones Relational aspect of authenticity – networks of relations between things, people and places
  14. 14. 14 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD The Hilton of Cadboll reconstruction, with sculptor Barry Grove, and associated community ceremonies Reconstructions, replicas and the migration of authenticity Photos: S. Jones
  15. 15. 15 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Digital objects • So what about digital records and models? • Is their authenticity simply a matter of the degree to which as information sources they “may be understood as credible or truthful”? • Or are social relationships with digital objects important to the migration of aura or authenticity? • Does community participation in design and production create authenticity and value?
  16. 16. 16 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD ACCORD Research Aims • To examine the opportunities and implications of digital visualisation technologies for community engagement and research through the co-design and co-production. • To embed contemporary social values in the resulting digital records and 3D objects, as well as the associated contextual metadata • To explore whether community co-design and co-production increases the significance and authenticity of digital visualisation objects • To reflect on the nature of the relationships between community groups, digital heritage professionals and the outputs they have created.
  17. 17. 17 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD ACCORD Activities: •Co-design and co-production of 3D documentation • Photogrammetry, LiDAR, RTI, 3D printing •Integration of contextual user generated content and statements of social value with digital and physical outputs •Consumer level technology •Management of longevity, access and ownership
  18. 18. 18 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Group Location Friends of G. Necropolis Glasgow Castlemilk (Glasgow Life) Glasgow Ross-shire Women's Aid Ross-shire Glendaruel Bute Bressay History Group Shetland Ross of Mull Mull NoSAS Dornoch The Kilallan Preservation Trust Renfrewshire Friends of Keil Chapel Oban Cromarty Med. Burgh project Cromarty Dighty Connect Dundee Ardnamurchan Community Ardnamurchan Dumfries and Galloway Geophysics Dumfries and Galloway Uist Uist Dumbarton Rock Dumbarton Springburn Glasgow Rhynie Rhynie
  19. 19. 19 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Assessing value and authenticity: • Qualitative methodologies • Focus group/interviews/participant observation • Phasing • Base line – nature of group/interests; value and authenticity; familiarity with technologies • Intermediary/ongoing evaluation – changing/emerging value/attitudes in practice • End phase – final focus group assessing value and authenticity of co-produced digital object
  20. 20. 20 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD Glendaruel Community Woodland Group, Cowal, Argyll & Bute
  21. 21. 21 ACCORD,CAA,Paris,24thApril2014 ACCORD @ACCORD_project We’re on Facebook! http://accordproject.wordpress.com/ ACCORD: contacts
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